Footnote [9]:
ICEM was created in 1950 and is a non-profit organization which has consultative Status A with UNESCO through the International Council for Film and Television. There are presently over thirty nations who belong to ICEM. Each participating nation is represented in ICEM through a designated member. In most instances, this individual is affiliated with their nation's Ministry of Education and is responsible for educational technology programs within their country.

The above GLH events was held at the occasion of the ICEM Symposium on "Design and Delivery of a 21st Century Technology Base for Today's Learners: International Implications." The choice of the theme reflected the concern with the disparity between the advanced technologies being used by developed nations and the very basic ones needed by the lesser developed.