June 28, 1993
"Global Lecture Hall" (GLH)
The U.S.-Russian Electronic Distance Education System (EDES)
at the occasion of
Saturday, August 21, 1993
15:30 to 18:00 (Trondheim time)
Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D.
We are living through a historic era with an opportunity to use innovative technologies to address basic problems as Newly Independent States (NIS) emerge as democratic, modern, market-oriented societies and nations. Communication technologies have proven to be an effective and low-cost means of providing education and exchanging ideas among different people.
At the occasion of TeleTeaching'93, GLOSAS/USA will conduct a demonstration of "Global Lecture Hall" (GLH) (TM) multipoint-to-multipoint multimedia interactive videoconference. This will cover North, Central and South America; Western, Northern, Central and Eastern Europe, including the NIS and the Baltic -- with 7 satellites.
A panel discussion on "Compressed Digital Video, Its Quality and Applicability to Instructional Television" will be held by instructors of National Technological University consortium member schools. They will uplink their video simultaneously to a single satellite transponder from their different locations with the use of compressed digital video (CDV) technology. Their composite video in analog will be sent to Russian students in Moscow, through Brown University's digital video link with Moscow Space Institute via Intersputnik, and also be broadcast worldwide, including Trondheim, Norway. This is to demonstrate the cost effectiveness of the CDV technology and to be the first "get-acquaint" face-to-face meeting via satellite. Professor Kevin Jeffay of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill will also demonstrate the potential of the new full-color, full-motion videoconferencing technology via a packet switching data communication network, including Internet, without use of satellite nor dish antenna, albeit limited range yet.
GLOSAS is currently working to establish a U.S.-Russia Electronic Distance Education System (EDES) via various telecommunication media, with the Association of International Education (AIE) in Moscow which was recently created by the Ministry of Science, Higher Education and Technology Policy of the Russian Federation and GLOSAS/USA. Russian students will use EDES to access many distance educational courses offered by the consortium member schools of Global (electronic) University in the U.S.A. (GU/USA). The students will not need to come to the U.S., nor requiring their American instructors to travel to Russia. The students will be able to converse with American instructors and classmates at a distance, through a free of charge narrow band channel of INTELSAT's Project ACCESS.
Global (electronic) University (GU) (TM) consortium, a divisional activity of GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A. (GLOSAS/USA), seeks to improve quality and availability of international educational exchange through the use of telecommunication and information technologies. GLOSAS/USA is a New York publicly supported, non-profit, educational service organization. The GU's main activity is to achieve global electronic distance education across national boundaries, by developing a cooperative infrastructure and by bringing the powers and resources of telecommunications to ordinary citizens around the world. Students can access some of the world's finest resources with a far greater variety of educational philosophies, courses and instructional styles than they could ever encounter on a single campus, i.e., a version of "the 21st century Fulbright exchange program."
Over the past two decades GLOSAS/USA played a major role in extending the U.S. data communication networks to other countries, particularly to Japan, and deregulating Japanese telecommunication policies for the use of electronic mail, which was emulated in many other countries. GLOSAS has conducted a number of GLH employing inexpensive media accessible to the less developed countries, interlinking many universities, ranging from Japan to Turkey, from Finland to New Zealand, and North and South America. These demonstrations have helped build a network of leaders in the global electronic distance education movement. They have also generated considerable interest among various organizations around the world. International associates of GLOSAS are currently working on the establishment of Global Pacific University (GPU), Global Latin American University (GLAU) and Global European University (GEU).
Global education via satellite and other telecommunication media is the way towards the 21st century Age of Knowledge, laying a social infrastructure for global citizenship of the global village. Extending communications through a global network and sharing ideas and educational opportunities with other locations is of paramount interest. The exchange of knowledge among countries can make major contributions to world peace, helping to ease frictions, promoting joint research and development, and mutual exchange and understanding. Developments in global electronic education can transform education at all levels around the world, and can enrich human society.
Global University is an evolutionary concept with no global precedent. Global education is a major key to sustainable survival. The time is ripe for global education. Technology is now available. What we need now are people who are eager to face the challenges of our time and to forge ahead toward the 21st century education.