Application for Grass Root Fund (Draft #7)
Manaus Community Development Network
(May 13, 2002)
Formul·rio de Requerimento para a AssistÍncia para Projetos Comunit·rios
Application Form for Communitarian Projects Assistance
Name of the Applicant
FUNDA«ˆO UNIVERSIDADE DO AMAZONAS/FUNDA«ˆO DE APOIO INSTITUCIONAL RIO-SOLIM¹ES
University of the Amazon Foundation/ Institutional Research of Rio-Solimoes
Av. Gal. Rodrigo Oct·vio Jord“o Ramos, 3000,
CEP 69077-000 ‚ Coroado I ‚ Manaus ‚ Amazonas
N™mero do Fax
(4) Pessoa Respons·vel
PROFESSOR DOUTOR ALEXANDRE ALMIR FERREIRA RIVAS
Professor Doctor Alexandre Almir Ferreira Rivas
DIRETOR GERAL DO CENTRO DE CINCIAS DO AMBIENTE
General Director of the Center of Sciences of the Environment
Center for Environmental Sciences (CCA)
Universidade Federal do Amazonas / FundaÁ“o UNI-SOL
Phone Number: + 55-92-647-4066
Fax Number: + 55-92-647-4066
Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E.
President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of Global University System (GUS)
Chairman, GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A. (GLOSAS/USA)
43-23 Colden Street, #9-L
Flushing, NY 11355-3998
Phone Number: +1-718-939-0928
Fax Number: +1-718-939-0656
(5) Sua organizaÁ o j· recebeu alguma assistÍncia financeira e ou tÈcnica de governos estrangeiros, organizaÁ es internacionais ou ONGs? (Em caso afirmativo, favor descrever o conte™do da assistÍncia)
Has your organization ever received any financial or technical assistance from foreign governments, international organizations or NGOs? If "YES", kindly describe the content of the assistance:
A. Received by the University of Amazona
FundaÁ“o Kellog ‚ EUA : Projeto Coari, 1989-1990 ‚ US$ 1.000.000,00
Kellog Foundation. U.S.A.: Coari Design
Banco Mundial ‚ V·rios projetos
World Bank. Some designs
The Fund for Improvment of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) ‚ EUA
As Inter-relaÁžes entre Ambiente, Desenvolvimento EconÙmico e Qualidade de Vida: Uma Vis“o Interdisciplinar, 2001 ‚ presente. US$ 200.000,00.
The Inter-relations between Environment, Economic Development and Quality of Life: An Interdisciplinary Vision, 2001. gift. USS 200,000.00.
B. Received by the University of Tampere on behalf of Global University System
Workshop and conference on "Emerging Global Electronic Distance Learning (EGEDL#99)" in August, 1999 at the University of Tampere <http://www.uta.fi/EGEDL>, from the InfoDev of the World Bank (US$100,000.00), the United States National Science Foundation (NSF) (US$50,000), the British Council, the Ministry of Education of Finland, the Soros Foundation/Open Society Institute, the United States Information Agency (USIA), and many others.
This event brought together about 60 decision-makers and leaders in e-learning and telemedicine from 14 underserved countries who discussed practical solutions for the implementation of affordable global e-learning across national boundaries. They brainstormed and the workshop recommended the formation of the following three interrelated organizations:
1. Global University System (GUS) (Tm),
2. Global Broadband Internet (GBI),
3. Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF) (Tm)
The group also formulated specific pilot projects focused on major regions of the world to reduce the growing digital divide between information-rich and information-poor populations, as realizing "education and healthcare for all," at anywhere, anytime and at any pace. The regional GUSs will be interconnected with GBI, which will be financed by GSTF. See more at; <http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/Global_University/Global University System/Reference_web_sites.html>.
The proposed project with this grant application is the continuation of our Tampere event.
(6) Queira responder as seguintes quest es, conforme a natureza da sua organizaÁ o.
Kindly answer the following questions to the nature of your organization:
(a) OrganizaÁ o N o Governamental (ONG)
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)
(i) Ano de FundaÁ o
Year of Establishment
(ii) N™mero de assistentes(staffs)
Number of assistants (staffs)
(iii) Propósito da Organizaç o
Purpose of Organization
(iv) Principais Atividades
(b) Escola ou Instituto de Pesquisa
School or Research Institute
FundaÁ“o Universidade do Amazonas / FundaÁ“o de Apoio Institucional Rio-Solimžes
University of the Amazon Foundation/ Institutional Research of Rio-Solimoes
(i) Ano de FundaÁ o
Year of Establishment
12 de junho de 1962
12 of June of 1962
(ii) N™mero de Professores/Pesquisadores
Number of Professores/Researchers
(iii) N™mero de Estudantes
Number of Students
Cerca de 28.000 alunos de graduaÁ“o e 700 de pÛs-graduaÁ“o.
About 28,000 undergraduates and 700 graduate students
(iv) Objeto da Pesquisa
Object of Research
Por se tratar de uma Universidade, a instituiÁ“o atua em diversas ·reas de pesquisa. No entanto, para o fim desta proposta, visa-se atender ý pesquisa e extens“o em tecnologia e utilizaÁ“o de ferramentas para o ensino e sa™de a dist’ncia aplic·veis especificamente na Regi“o AmazÙnica.
Being a University, the institution is diversified in its areas of research. However, this specific proposal is aimed at using technology as a tool for the applicable education in distance learning and healthcare focusing on the Amazon region.
(c) Hospital ou InstituiÁ o MÈdica
Hospital or Medical Institution
(i) Ano de FundaÁ o
Year of Establishment
(ii) N™mero de MÈdicos
Number of Doctors
(iii) N™mero de Enfermeiras
Number of Nurses
(iv) N™mero de Leitos
Number of Beds
(v) ServiÁo mÈdico prestado por seu hospital/instituiÁ o
Medical job given by its hospital/institution
(d) Governo Local
(i) PopulaÁ o
(ii) Tamanho do OrÁamento (Em cada ano Fiscal)
Budget Size (each fiscal year)
(iii) SituaÁ o atual e problemas em ·reas sob a jurisdiÁ o do requerente
Current situation and problems in the area under the jurisdiction of the applicant
(e) InstituicÁ o Governamental (Departamento)
Governmental Institution (Department)
(i) N™mero de pessoas
Number of people
(ii) Autoridade e obrigaÁ o do requerente
Authority and obligation of the applicant
Se houver algum documento ou brochura que apresente sua organizaÁ o, favor anexar a este formul·rio.
If there are any documents or brochures that promote your organization, please attach them to this form.
(1) Nome do Projeto
Name of the Project
Establishment of Manaus Community Development Network (MCDN) for E-Learning and E-Healthcare
(2) Local do Projeto (Inclusive a dist’ncia da cidade conhecida mais prÛxima
Place of the Project (also the distance to the nearest well-known city.)
Manaus ‚ Amazonas
(3) Objetivos do Projeto
Objectives of the Project
This project is to construct a community development network as connecting non-profit organizations in the City of Manaus with the use of broadband wireless Internet units -- see Figure 1.
In the initial phase, non-profi organizations will be selected among the followings;
Other candidates are;
See Figure 2, 3 and 4.
(4) Linhas gerais do Projeto
Detailed description of the Project
We recently submitted a grant application (US$230,000) to the InfoDev of the World Bank to conduct a workshop in Manaus in the summer of 2002. (See "Community Development with E-Learning and E-Healthcare in Amazon, Brazil" -- Grant application submitted to the InfoDev of the World Bank (1/25/02) at;
The objectives are to brainstorm on and to form a committee for the planning of necessary telecommunication configurations, their systems design, feasibility study, market survey and action plan of implementing the infrastructures, and the construction of their cost estimates for dish antenna, transceivers and satellite segments, etc. They are for;
Possible joint projects with Brazilians, Americans and Canadians will also be discussed and planned on how to utilize the expected broadband Internet. They are contents development, teacher and general-public training for digital literacy, English as a Second Language (ESL), nurse training, etc., for poverty and isolation reductions.
The resultant comprehensive documents will then be submitted to the Japanese government's "non-tied cultural aid" grant through appropriate Brazilian governmental agencies. The total estimated amount could be in the range of US$15 to 20 million. The Brazilian government has already pledged US$2,800,000 out of this total costs.
See summary slides at;
Global University System will emulate this project in other developing countries around the world in the future.
It is expected that broadband wireless and satellite Internet, available to universities, elementary, primary and secondary schools and hospitals, will promote the interaction among young people from different areas of the Amazon Region with young people from the rest of the world.
As the infrastructure becomes a reality, there will be a need for the development of contents (e-learning on environmental education, rational use of the forest, techniques and methods for implementation of suitable agroforestry activities, e-healthcare, etc.) and of new uses of the technology (Internet telephony, distance medical diagnose, access to information, etc.).
In this process, the Manaus community will become the closest, more capable and culturally identified with the Amazon region¼s needs and problems. This will be a pilot project replicable of the activities throughout the region. The replication and expansion will happen through strong partnership with other institutions in Manaus and other states of the region. CampusNet Amazonia consortium will play major role in this initiative because it constitutes the main federal universities network in the Brazilian Amazonia and it is also active member of UNIREDE <http://www.unirede.br/>, a consortium of all public universities in Brazil.
In a second phase, this effort will contribute to provide the necessary conditions for private initiatives such that more resources will become available to more needed communities elsewhere in the region.
So, this project is a community development approach, firstly connecting non-profit organizations (elementary, secondary and higher education institutions, libraries, hospitals, local governmental agencies, and non-profit organizations, etc.) and secondly with for-profit organizations to have global E-Rate, thus all applicable groups are inclusive. The more participants can share the cost of expensive digital satellite trunk line better -- see also Item (6) below. The use of broadband wireless Internet for the Manaus Community Development Network will make their participation easy so that the so-called "last-mile" problem to reach individual end-users can more effectively be solved. (Similar community development networks will be made later in the cities of main campuses of other CampusNet participating universities with the "non-tied cultural aid" of the Japanese government.)
(5) PopulaÁ o estimada que ser· beneficiada pelo projeto
Estimated population that would benefit from the project
As populaÁžes beneficiadas pelo projeto podem ser calculadas em dois momentos.
The population that will be benefited by the project can be calculated in the following two categories;
População Direta: Cem (100) Professores universitários das Universidades participe do consorcio CampusNet Amazônia, cinqüenta (50) Professores e mil (1000) Alunos do Ensino Fundamental e Médio da Rede Estadual e Municipal de Ensino do Estado do Amazonas, distribuídos remotamente nas seis (6) Zonas Urbanas da cidade de Manaus;
Direct Population: One hundred (100) university professors will participate in the consortium of CampusNet/Amazônia, fifty (50) professors and a thousand (1000) elementary students and middle school students of the State and Municipal Network of Education of the State of Amazon, distributed remotely in the six (6) Urban Zones of the city of Manaus;
População Indireta: Professores e Alunos da Amazônia Internacional, através da transmissão do evento pelo Amazon Sat da Rede Amazônica de rádio e televisão.
Indirect Population: Professors and pupils of Amazônia International, through the transmission of the event for the Amazon Sat of the Amazonian Network of radio and television.
(6) Efeitos esperados do Projeto (Favor descrever a relaÁ o entre o projeto e o objetivo, e como o projeto contribuir· para a realizaÁ o do objetivo)
Expected effects of the project: (Kindly describe the relations between the project and the objectives, and how the project would contribute to the accomplishment of the objectives)
1. Previous Workshops and Demonstrations in Manaus
A. 1998 Workshop/Demonstration
A demonstrative conference on available new technologies for e-learning was held on August 21, 1998 in Manaus. See the following website for more detailed information: <http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/GLH/10-21-98_Manaus_Brazil/Flyer_&_Program_10-3-98.html>
During this event, a professor at the University of Tokyo described via audio conference with PowerPoint slides, about his "Medical Information Network by Communication Satellite for University Hospital (MINCS-UH)" which connects more than two dozen university hospitals around Japan with two-way, broadband (45 Mbps) digital satellite channels for medical diagnosis with HDTV. Netmeeting videoconferences via narrow-band Internet were also made with Houston Community College and with colleagues in Ukraine.
B. 2000 Workshop/Demonstration
A workshop to show the usefulness of the Internet as combining new technologies and contents was held on May 31, and June 1 and 2, 2000 in Manaus. See:
During this workshop, telemedicine demonstration with the most advanced echocardiogram diagnosed a real patient by an expert doctor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan, which was televised throughout South America via BRAZILSAT.
These two workshops in 1998 and 2000 showed the possibilities of using cutting-edge telecom technologies even in the middle of rain forest jungle. They stimulated and promoted public awareness on e-learning and e-health, and initiated a core basis for forming the CampusNet coalition.
Each of Amazon TV and GLOSAS/USA contributed about $80,000 respectively, for the conduct of the above two workshops.
2. Technical and Economic Benefits
The main focus of the proposed broadband Internet is either or both of satellite and terrestrial (microwave and/or spread-spectrum) wireless approach in viewpoints of the region¼s geographical constraints and their cost effectiveness. At the main campuses of CampusNet affiliated universities, the spread-spectrum with 802.11b protocol will save considerable fund for their local area networking. The community development network in the cities of the main campuses of the affiliated universities will also be connected with this technology. Students of the universities and all schools in the cities will then be able to access Internet at high speed wherever they are within the coverage of its antenna. This is to provide e-learners with self-pacing, interactive, and customized courses that are perfect fit to learner motivation and target language environment.
The community development approach of this project will include all interested parties in the cities of the main campuses of CampusNet universities. This will not only contribute to the problem of digital literacy among poor, but also create new job opportunities to the graduates of the universities, and even E-Rate with the involvement of profit-oriented organizations in the later stage.
3. Cost Effectiveness of Wireless Broadband Internet
The cost effectiveness of this project of deploying CampusNet and community development networks are;
4. Expected Utilization of Broadband Internet
Anticipated activities with the use of CampusNet and community development networks are:
A. Use of broadband Internet connection:
B. Two-way interactive use in e-health, environmental education and training:
C. Establishment of partnership with UNAMAZ and SIVAM:
5. Poverty Reduction Impact
South America is the home of one of the world's unique environment, the Amazon rain forest. The region was considered as an empty area in terms of human population density, particularly in the Brazilian side. During the last years, the media called the world's attention to the deforestation and biodiversity loss problems that were happening in the region. The world was also concerned about the increasing problems associated with drugs. Those problems were clear indication that the empty area was starting to suffer the consequences of human activities.
Those problems can be substantially minimized if their isolation is addressed. Isolation makes people unaware of their importance as citizens and increase impoverishing and degradation of the environment and economic system. In situations like that, people will not understand the importance to conserve the environment or how to benefit from it without compromise their own future as well as the future of future generations. Ultimately, such unawareness can perpetuate a cycle of economic and social poverty and environmental degradation.
The implementation of a modern communication technology can drastically reduce the risks threatening the region. A broadband or faster and more reliable communication network linking people and institutions within and inter Amazonian communities will contribute for the understanding of people¼s role and importance on the use of the forest in a sustainable manner and, at the same time, to improve their quality of life avoiding the cost of nature destruction.
Community based programs in Amazonia have the premise that exercises in the deployment and use of technology are not the core for sustainable development in Amazonia, rather it is the promotion of economic development, job creation, and increasing quality of life as the final goal. Technological propagation is not an end in itself, but only a means to a larger end with clear and compelling community benefit. The development of such network will benefit communities living in remote areas of other Amazonian countries in the future.
The opportunities that this activity will bring are;
This activity is to be a model replicable to other localities and regions, as leading the use of the advanced Internet in various sectors of societies.
The local higher educational institution participants will have the broadband Internet satellite earth-station, and will become the major Internet Service Provider (ISP) to the local community of non-profit organizations. The higher education institution will then provide teacher training to secondary and elementary schools and promotion of digital literacy with training courses/seminars at public library, hospitals and healthcare facilities, local governmental offices, etc., and also act as facilitators and technical supporters to other non-profit organizations. These teacher-training and technical support can be the on-the-job training of the graduate students of the main universities, thus creating new job opportunities after their graduation in local communities.
It is expected that interaction among the main universities of the international Amazonia will contribute to disseminate information about alternatives to promote sustainable development in Amazonia, in later stage of this project development. At the same time, the region's population will have better access to healthcare information, which will contribute for a better quality of life. In addition, a number of e-learning courses will be developed which will decrease isolation and offer better opportunities for those living in the region.
We hope the scheme of this project (CampusNet and community development network) will be replicated with the members of UNAMAZ. Incidentally, we already have a preliminary inquiry from them to connect 5 centers of excellence among their member universities with broadband Internet.
In summary, the following benefits for Manaus and part of the Brazilian Amazon Region can be expected;
(7) Custo estimado para o projeto completo
Estimated cost for the entire project
Favor anexar an·lise de mercadorias e ou serviÁos que pretende comprar com as DoaÁ es.
Please annex a detailed breakdown of merchandises or services that you intend to purchase with the donations.
See ANNEX VI and VII.
(8) Se for aplicar as DoaÁ es em parte do projeto, como ir· financiar os outros custos?
If you are applying the Donation for a part of the project only, how will you finance the other costs?
1. As for Community Development Networks in the City of Manaus and in Other Cities in Amazon:
As mentioned in the Item 2-(3) above, the grant out of this application will be used to connect non-profit organizations selected among the ones listed in the item, particularly the Japanese school. (If the Japanese Consulate so desire, we may also include it, too.)
The budget for connecting other organizations in the City of Manaus and in the cities of the main campuses of the CampusNet affiliated universities will be included in the comprehensive document which will be constructed by a committee for the feasibility study and market survey of CampusNet during the workshop in early next year as mentioned above, and which document will be submitted to the Japanese government's non-tied cultural aid.
2. As for conducting the Workshop in Manaus in early month of 2003:
The aforementioned grant application to the InfoDev of the World Bank was unfortunately declined. However, we are now preparing our grant applications to;
(i) Tinker Foundation in New York City
This is a well known funding source for projects in Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and even Antarctica <http://fdncenter.org/grantmaker/tinker>. They urged us to submit our grant application, which will be a similar one as our InfoDev grant application. They will also introduce our project to other funding sources, which may be interested in global e-learning and e-healthcare.
(ii) The US National Science Foundation (NSF)
Cornell University will submit a travel grant application to the US National Science Foundation for Americans attending the workshop.
(iii) InfoDev Conference Scholarship Fund
The InfoDev suggested us to submit our travel grant application for the attendees from developing countries.
Upon the suggestion made by a staff of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), we plan to submit our grant application to Mr. Yoshio Utsumi, Director-General of the ITU, with the support of Dr. Pekka Tarjanne, former Director-General of the ITU and one of the truseee members of GUS. Mr. Yoshio Utsumi was the counterpart at the Japanese Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications when Dr. Takeshi Utsumi extended Telenet (the predecessor of Internet) to Japan and deregulated the Japanese telecom policies for the use of email, and worked on the demonopolization and privatization of Japanese telecom industries in early 1980s.
3. As for Overall Project including CampusNet:
(i) Global University System (GUS)
This activity in Amazon region will be sustained by regional and local coalition members of the CampusNet and the community development networks, and internationally by the affiliated institutions of the Global University System.
(ii) Brazilian Government
The Brazilian government has already pledged US$2,800,000 to cover a portion of the costs of Multimedia Resource Centers (MRCs) of CampusNet.
This project has also already received favorable responses from the Brazilian Congress and the SIVAM of the Brazilian Air Force, which has three transponders on BRAZILSAT for distance education.
(iii) Global E-Rate
Major infrastructure equipment for the CampusNet is to be financed by the Official Development Assistant (ODA) fund of OECD countries, particularly of Japan. This is to follow the precedence of the University of South Pacific in Fiji which received a major financial aid (about US$13 million) from the Japanese government to connect a dozen nearby islands, albeit narrow-band Internet via INTELSAT free of charge. We will seek similar approach with BRAZILSAT of SIVAM, INTELSAT, Tachyon, WorldSpace, or HISPASAT (which 70% capacity is not used, according to Dr. Federico Mayor, former Director-General of UNESCO and one of Trustee members of GUS), etc.
However, government funds usually do not last long, particularly to cover recurring costs of, say, expensive satellite segment. In order to cover this cost and to make CampusNet economically sustainable for the coming future, we will have the participation of for-profit commercial enterprises in the localities of those universities, preferably from the second phase of this project. They will undertake major portion of financial burden of this venture (e.g., digital satellite trunk line, etc.) -- see Table 1 below for the list of Japanese companies in Manaus to which we plan to approach for their support in lieu of our providing broadband Internet access to them -- particularly to the Japanese school for the children of their employees so that they can freely and easily communicate with their counterparts in Japan (e.g., with the use of NetMeeting videoconferencing and accessing webs in Japan via Internet, etc.).
This is to follow the suit of the case at St. Thomas Island in Caribbean, where K-12 schools have broadband Internet access free of charge while high cost of broadband Internet trunk line between the island and the US has been incurred by profit-oriented organizations in the island. This is, in a sense, to create the so-called "Global E-Rate" as proposed by Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF).
To have their participation, the universities of CampusNet will also provide them with training courses to the staffs of those commercial enterprises in their localities. This training and technical support can be the on-the-job training of the graduate students of the universities. Such university and industry connection will also create new job opportunities for the graduates of the universities.
(iv) Japanese ODA
Since the spring of 1998, Dr. Takeshi Utsumi, one of the GUS vice presidents, worked to have the Japanese government pledge $15 billion to close the digital divide in developing countries (5 years), during the Okinawa Summit in July 2000. UNESCO in Bangkok and the Asia Development Bank have already received out of this pledged fund, -- 170 million yen in fiscal 2001 (about US$1.5 million) for the former and 1,270 million yen (about US$10 million) for the latter. (The UNDP might have also received US$5 million, though not confirmed in August of 2001.).
Dr. Utsumi has already given a copy of the preliminary version of the application for the InfoDev of the World Bank (mentioned above) to the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and received their favorable responses to this project during his trip to Tokyo in August of 2001. They will favorably review the resultant comprehensive documents of the workshop's feasibility study and market survey when these documents will arrive to them through appropriate Brazilian governmental agencies and the Japanese Embassy in Brasilia.
The GUS at the University of Tampere (Professor Tapio Varis) has received an approval from UNESCO for becoming a UNESCO Chair member of the UNESCO/UNITWIN Network program <http://www.unesco.org/education/educprog/unitwin/index.html> which was initiated by Dr. Marco Antonio Dias, one of the GUS vice presidents, while he was at the UNESCO. Basing on the hard track records of previous, highly successful conduct of two workshops in Manaus in 1998 and 2000 mentioned above (which subsequently formulated the CampusNet coalition), the GUS invited the Universidade Federal do Amazonas (Professor Alexandre Rivas) to become a counterpart UNESCO Chair of this program. We then expect to have support of UNESCO for our approach to the Japanese government.
List of Japanese companies in Manaus
(Received from Japanese Consulate in Manaus)
(9) Duraç o do Projeto
Duration of the project
De ______________ atÈ ____________
From ________________ to ________________
September 1, 2002 August 31, 2003
(mês, ano) (mês, ano)
(month, year) (month, year)
Favor anexar a este formulário os seguintes documentos:
Kindly attach the following documents to this application form:
(Se n o estiverem disponíveis, favor fornecer informaç es equivalentes aos funcionários da Embaixada e ou Consulado Geral)
(In case if they are not available, please provide further or equivalent information to the personnel of the Embassy and/or General Consulate.)
Mapa com projeç o local do projeto
Map(s) indicating the project site(s)
See Figures 2 to 5.
Design de especificaç o do projeto
Design specification of the project
See ANNEX VI.
Estimativas escritas de mercadorias e ou serviços de três fornecedores
Written estimates of the equipment obtained from three different suppliers
See ANNEX VI.
May 25, 2002
Professor Doctor Alexandre Almir Ferreira Rivas
General Director of the Center of Sciences of the Environment
English translation by Cesar Augusto and Bryan Lazerow.