We greatly appreciated to have very inspiring greetings from Director Generals and dignitaries of major international and Finnish organizations, keynote and dinner speeches by prominent scholars.
On the first day of our event on 8/9th, we had very exciting and stimulating demonstrations;
Joining at various budgets and bandwidths such locations as Wellington New Zealand, London, UK, Budapest Hungary, West Palm Beach Florida, Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Houston, Texas, we were able to show the strengths and weakness of the several technologies of ISDN, ADSL, POTS, and narrow band IP conferencing.
This demonstration showed that wonderful results can be and are being obtained at low costs and by the low speeds of dialup connections to the internet and the ordinary POTS connection.
Although we are forging ahead to establish a global broadband (45 Mbps) satellite Internet networks, it obviously takes time. Also, many users (e.g, disabled students and adult learners at their homes) will not have the luxurious broadband access. The narrow band approach demonstrated here will certainly benefit those disadvantaged people, particularly in remote / rural areas in developing countries to have education for all at anytime and anywhere.
The connection with a colleague in Budapest was the worst. This might be due to the fact that, though most of major universities in Budapest are connected with broadband fiber lines, their linkage to the outside world is only at 10 to 20 Mbps, as most of small European countries, which often gets congested severely. This fact is one of the major reasons why we advocate the establishment of the global broadband satellite Internet network with the Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF).
This very successful demo showed us how important and vital necessity to have broadband Internet -- which was the main purpose of our Tampere event.
There is 10 Mbps campus local area network (LAN) in the University of Tampere, 165 Mbps line between the university and Helsinki, 165 Mbps between Helsinki and Copenhagen, and two lines of 155 Mbps between Copenhagen and the U.S.
This test may then lead to the test of distributed computing mode, i.e., letting several subroutine programs in distributed PCs working together as if they were in a single mainframe computer -- which is the so-called massively parallel processing mode -- as an analog computer.
This distributed computing mode will be used by our Globally Collaborating Environmental Peace Gaming with globally distributed computer simulation system through global neural computer network in the future, which Tak Utsumi firstly proposed at the International Computer Communication Conference (ICCC) in Washington, D.C. in October, 1972.
Our next task is how to let the under-served people in remote / rural areas in developing countries have the same privilege and benefits -- which can be multimedia education and healthcare with very inexpensive audio in global scale -- even overseas calls with the rate of per kilobytes instead of per minutes.
Dr. Shinn Takuma made his excellent CD-ROM presentation of 3D echocardiography with the 3D images of human heart produced by the 3D machine (Volumetrics Model I) at Presbyterian Hospital of Columbia University in New York. The Volumetrics machine is one of a half dozen installed in the US so far. Human heart can be examined its inside as cutting it into a half, -- of course, in 3D image of virtual mode.
Live stress echo demonstration with an echocardiography machine was also made with a pseudo-patient running a preliminary conventional treadmill stress echo test. The live echocardiograph images were sent to Dr. Homma at the Presbyterian Hospital for his examination with PictureTel via ISDN at 384 Kbps. The echo images of the patient's heart prior to the stress test and after the test were compared side-by-side for changes in heart functions on a large scale TV monitor of PictureTel and sent to Dr. Homma who endorsed that the images were diagnosis quality.
This demonstration showed the possibility of diagnosing patient at remote / rural area by an expert doctor at a distant location.
The photos and video clippings of this demo are now available at Roger Bostons web site -- firstly visit the Tampere event web site at <http://www.uta.fi/EGEDL/> and then click Rogers web at the top in the first home page. Then click "August 9" in the left column, and click "Telemedicine1" and "Telemedicine2" at the top in the right-hand frame.
Ordinary telemedicine transmits high resolution *freeze-frame* image -- preferably at high speed. They are usually examined by a doctor asynchronously at his available time. With this asynchronousness, it does not necessary need the high speed line. Contrary to this, echocardiography requires to examine live *moving* images at high resolution which definitely requires very high speed telecom line -- a very good candidate for our global broadband Internet project.
Although this time we used ISDN line at 384 Kbps, we may try broadband Internet next time for cost saving -- refer to our very successful NetMeeting videoconferencing via the broadband Internet mentioned above.
We had very interesting and excellent presentations of the world most advanced digital high definition TV satellite education systems (e.g., MINCS-UH and SCS of Japan) for long range delivery system; broadband Internet microwave networks (e.g., Shinshu University Network of Japan and SkyBridge of Hawaii) for mid-range delivery system; spread-spectrum wireless broadband Internet for short-range delivery system. All of them are the so-called fixed wireless Internet at 1.5 to 45 Mbps.
We also had a privilege of listening very attractive presentation of mobile wireless broadband Internet for micro-range delivery system by Nokia Mobil Phones group. They are now spearheading to develop a mobil video phone which will communicate with broadband Internet at 34 Mbps in the year 2004!!
In a sense, we covered all ranges of cutting-edge, wireless delivery systems. We think that our projects of establishing global broadband wireless Internet networks will well complement with Nokias approach to have mutual benefits each other.
We also had very intensive brainstorming sessions to identify pilot projects in major regions of the Pacific/Asia, North America, Central America, South America, Africa and Europe. See PART II of this report. We divided into three working groups attempting to give written voice to the voids and opportunities in each of these regions of the world. Our working sessions were documented and recapped in the Friday closings.
As one of papers by Dr. Kaisa Kautto-Koivula of Nokia (one of keynote speakers) mentioned, the face-to-face meeting did foster our trust each other of the attendees, albeit they communicated via email for many years.
The memorization and human touch made during this event did certainly promoted human relations among each other for our collaborative joint projects. This intimate friendship was the one urged by the ardent distance learner, Mr. Yoshio Utsumi, Director-General of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in his greeting which was made out of his own experience of learning English by radio broadcasting while his high school age in remote / rural area of Shikoku Island of Japan.
The importance of this face-to-face meeting and hence the recognition of the memorization capacity and power of human brain are often left out in many practices of distance education / learning nowadays. Our project will try to find the way to fill this gap affordably, e.g., Roger Bostons low cost teleconferencing systems mentioned above.
All of us are the so-called like-minded people with the global vision for the globalization and borderless society in the 21st century so that they got acquainted each other very well and quickly. Without any hesitation, they accepted the word THINK BIG by Marco Antonio R. Dias (former Director of Higher Education Division of UNESCO and one of keynote speakers). We think that this is same as think globally embracing multi culture as K. S. Sitaram mentioned during his dinner speech.
Marco was the principal person who organized the highly acclaimed World Conference on Higher Education Higher Education in the Twenty-first Century: Vision and Action at UNESCO in Paris on 5-9 October, 1998.
Truly this conference has continued without interruption to this present moment, and the partnering and collaborations which were there before but not fully effective are now made powerful by the common focus which has resulted from our time together, and which are visible at the many web-site postings which have been circulated since. Our chances of realizing our separate dreams have been magnified by this new formality in working together within the tight focus of well defined opportunities in each of the regions of the world that were given voice during the Tampere congress. In a sense, we successfully accomplished the major objective of our event as setting the stage for our forthcoming joint collaborative projects in global scale.
5. Creation of Global University System (GUS)
The Global University project has been a divisional activity of our GLOSAS/USA. This project will be spun-off to create an independent organization, the Global University System, which will be the headquarters to coordinate the above-mentioned pilot projects and all planned regional Global Universities.
Our project of creating Global University System for global distance learning with broadband Internet is to prepare the environment for our next generation to create their own new global culture which will foster mutual respect and equality, understanding of people and place, with a respect for diversity and differences in history and traditions, as David Johnson said during his keynote speech.
6. Lessons learned by this event:
Takeshi Utsumi had the great honor to receive the first Pathfinder Award of Planet Earth from the Benjamin Franklin Institute of Global Education.
We express our sincere thanks to the people of the University of Tampere, Finland and many others for their superb job of arrangement and administration of this epoch-making event with very pleasant entertainments. It was tremendous success, thanks to extraordinary collaboration and help of many people around the world.