The Outstanding Role of Telecommunication in the Finnish Information Society: Making the bridge between telecommunications and learning
Finland is progressing towards a knowledge-based society. In the information society, knowledge forms the foundation for education and culture and constitutes the single most important production factor. Information and communications technology (shortly ICT) significantly promotes interaction and exchange of information between individuals, business enterprises, and other organizations, as well as the provision of, and access to, services. The extent to which the information society is implemented in schools and libraries, health care, the promotion of business and industry and other administrative services, as well as enhancing transparent decision-making, largely depends on the decisions made and the measures taken by local authorities.
The national vision is a society, which develops and utilizes the opportunities inherent in the information society to improve the quality of life, knowledge, international competitiveness and interaction in an exemplary, versatile and sustainable way.
Half (51%) of the information society projects are regional and nearly 17% local and national. International or Internationally regional is about 20% of the projects. There are more regional and local projects in Finland than in Europe on the average. International and interregional projects there are less.
To open up better opportunities for self-enhancement, interaction and influence the decisive factors for the competitiveness of a business enterprise are rapid responses, flexibility and networking. The public sector develops the overall conditions for the information society and promotes the construction of technology and the infrastructure. To be able to make the best use of the opportunity thus offered for everyone who needs new skills or intercommunication with one to other.
Uncontrolled information society development may lead to the exclusion of some population groups and regions. The increasing use of ICT in office work is conducive to efficiency, and at the same time it reduces labor needs. Electronic transactions and trade may impair services for those with inadequate skills and knowledge for electronic self-service. Access to sources of information in the midst of the information flood may increase inequality between people if the cost of reliable and well organized information services is too high. The constantly expanding data systems include more and more information about individuals, which, if abused, may compromise people's privacy. Dependence on ICT may increase risks in nearly all activities, which highlights the need to prepare for exceptional circumstances.
Information society development is influenced by global trends, such as progress in the global economy and electronic trade, the rapid progress and integration of ICT, the growing presence of the media and the growth of populations. Growing social inequality and urbanization, environmental problems, increasing mobility and the strengthening role of regions in Europe has also promoted the rapid development of information society.
How is the information society going to strengthen cultural creativity, and will it allow each citizen easy access to multiple cultures while preserving his own identity?
The role of the public sector is to create conditions for building an Information society, which meets the needs of both individuals and business enterprises by means of legislation, research and education. The public sector also promotes the development of serviceable technology and infrastructure. By means of strategic management, it will ensure access to information and promote the development of knowledge, an efficient innovation system. Also conditions for business activities, balanced regional development, the implementation of human rights, and equality, credibility and security in society will be developed. The public sector must constantly re-evaluate its own role and mission.
Democratic and open access will be offered to every one through reduced costs. It can be for the diffusion or use of the interactive services offered on the various communication networks. Each citizen will be granted easy access to the kind of knowledge, which until now has been difficult to reach. Today he has the facility to access the interactive tapping of cultural goods as those from libraries, museums or galleries' art collections. The development of permanent education will hence be made easier while specific cultural identities will be preserved.
It is the administration's task to strengthen democracy and improve citizens' access to information and opportunities for social influence by developing legislation and procedures and making use of the opportunities offered by technology. Legislation and legal control also promote the implementation of the individual's data protection and freedom of speech and improve the individual's status as a consumer.
Decentralized decision-making highlights the need for management by strategies. ICT creates new opportunities for producing and distributing public services, but at the same time it entails the renewal of processes in co-operation with the private and voluntary sectors.
Shared responsibility and competitiveness must be developed in tandem, and due consideration must be given to ecological factors. The individual requires new skills as a citizen, consumer and employee in order to manage, critically analyze and make full use of the information flow.
Knowledge management requires good feedback channels, indicators and incentives, as well as constant alertness to changing needs. The prerequisites of knowledge management can be improved with the introduction of renewed procedures. Educational institutions, business enterprises and other work communities can engage in closer cooperation with a view to knowledge transfer and the utilization of information reserves.
We should critically exam the idea where service provider is considered as information provider. As a provider of service platforms we should not take the role of content provider. There are many principles that are worth of building the digital nervous system. In a workplace, where we were simply transferring information from paper forms into the computer are not needed because they've been replaced by self-service. People going directly to their PC, connecting to the Internet, and getting or putting the information they need. All the jobs have to be converted into far more empowered jobs, where you can actually deal with complex situations, and be value-added in a world where just simple activities, like entering information, are no longer necessary at all.
The concept of the global classroom is an excellent example of nervous system. To create network which it self increase amount of information for educational use. It's a reality because of the expansion of world communication systems. These new and diverse telecommunication technologies represent powerful tools for linking both students and teachers together for sharing knowledge and diverse solutions to problems; and for actually creating the global classroom. As this learning environment is evolving, education is developing new visions of learning and teaching. That will provide students with new ways to think and live in the global village.
Today there are many global classroom projects that have been designed for implementation. These projects provide the tools for developing global understanding as well as in depth studies in a variety of content areas and a thorough introduction to computers and telecommunication skills. We should remember also the projects to develop methods for the creation and publishing of electronic learning materials.
To what extent is the Information society a worldwide stake?
The fundamental features of the information society are global interconnection and interoperability between multiple professional educative or entertainment services. A unique opportunity is thus offered for the distribution of a very large range of products and creations, which will reflect the most diverse cultural and linguistic identities.
The stake of information society is worldwide because the interconnection of national communication networks gives birth to a global infrastructure thus linking economical, political and social operators. The information society will have considerable social and economic impacts which will affect all citizens in various aspects of their daily lives.
The G8 member states have recognized the importance of that stake and during that conference will express their intention
The building blocks of the information society
Communications systems combined with advanced information technologies are keys to the information society. The constraints of time and distance have been removed by networks (e.g. telephone, satellites, cables) which carry the information, basic services (e.g. electronic mail, interactive video) which allow people to use the networks and applications (e.g. distance learning, teleworking and telemedicine) which offer dedicated solutions for user groups.
Open service interfaces promote competition.
People themselves have responsibility for their own choices, as well as for making their needs known or for putting their personal data at the disposal of the markets. Information society development, together with the liberalization of world trade, create new business opportunities and new markets for enterprises, as well as subjecting them to stiffer competition and to internationalize themselves.
The decisive competition factors are information and knowledge management, swiftness in applying technologies and innovations, strategic management, flexible organization and procedures, and networking throughout the value chain, both in product development and production as well as in marketing.
There are still many questions open, but I hope that you will find some answers from the publication "Facts about the Finnish information society" which has already been delivered to you. (Reijo Lilius - Finnish national fund for research and development)
When we build and develop the information society we have to break a gap between different sectors. To achieve society coherence there has to be someone who makes technology flexible to build the bridge and make interactions between humans possible.
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