<<January 9, 2000>>

Vladimir Kozharnovich <vkozharnovich@unido.org>

Prof. Dr. Roberto C. Villas Boas <villasboas@cetem.gov.br>

Dear Mr. Kozharnovich:

(1) Many thanks for your msg (ATTACHMENT I).

(2) Thanks also for your very interesting materials, -- especially because
of my engineering background -- two of them attached below for the
reference to our listserve members.

(3) We would be very happy if our project of establishing a global broadband
Internet with the Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF) for global distance
learning and telemedicine could be of some help to your UNIDO's
Industrial Partnership Promotion Network (IPPN) project.

Let's discuss more when I visit you at your office on January 17th.

(4) I am leaving tomorrow afternoon for Geneva and be at a conference
organized by;

Salah H. Mandil, Ph.D.
Director-Advisor on Informatics
World Health Organization
20, Avenue Appia
CH-1211 Geneva 27
+41-22-791-2426 (direct)
Fax: +41-22-791-4702

I will stay at Hotel Cristal (Tel: +41-22-731-3400, Fax: +41-22-731-7078)

from the evening of January 11th to the morning of January 16th.

I would then greatly appreciate it if you can kindly inform me the name
of the hotel in Vienna you are now kindly arranging for me.

Thanks in advance.

Best, Tak

Date: Thu, 6 Jan 2000 12:26:27 +0100
From: vkozharnovich@unido.org (Vladimir KOZHARNOVICH)
To: utsumi@columbia.edu

Dear Prof. Utsumi,

As discussed, please find attached some papers describing the
activities of UNIDO in establishment and operation of International
Technology Centres and their relations to other UNIDO programmes and

I am looking forward to fruitful cooperation in the future and to
hearing from you soon.

With best wishes in the new century.

V. Kozharnovich.
International Materials
Assessment and Application Centre (IMAAC)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Materials technology is a key enabling technology for a wide range of
industrial sectors, which will have a major influence on the economic and
industrial competitiveness. New and advanced materials constitute one of the
key trends in the technology of engineering industries, leading to major
qualitative changes in the production cycle from processing of raw materials
to obtaining of finished products.

In future, both the new materials and the ones with improved properties,
will play an essential role in the development of advanced technologies such
as electronics, mechatronics, new energy, aerospace, etc. In addition, the
technological impact of new materials on related industries will be very
significant and this is a more important point than the market size of new
materials itself.

As part of the definition phase in the establishment of IMAAC, a UNIDO
mission of experts, who already possessed considerable knowledge and
information regarding the needs and circumstances of developing economies in
the materials field, visited selected institutions in both industrialized and
developing countries. The mission met with the great deal of positive
response both at the individual and industrial levels.

The urgent needs for establishment the Centre was recognized and both
the concept and broad aims and functions to be performed by IMAAC received
endorsement. The Government of Brazil expressed its strong interest in
establishing and hosting IMAAC and provided an initial fund to start a Pilot
and Preparatory Phase for its establishment (1998-2000).


* To provide an international forum to serve the materials community for
more effective management of the techno-economic aspects of sustainable
development and utilization of traditional as well as new materials.
* To function as a proactive institution in building up awareness in
industries and governments in the face of technology trends having an impact
on national materials resources.
* To assist developing economies to absorb and apply rapidly emerging
knowledge of materials and to enable them to cope with he demands of
competitive global markets as well as meeting quality and environmental


The core objectives of IMAAC are:

* To address materials issues in changing economic ad environmental
contexts to foster sustainable development.
* To assist in the formulation of policies and approaches for optimal and
effective use of materials resources.
* To strengthen industrial systems in the assessment, choice, pricing and
acquisition of available and new materials technologies.
* To promote innovations in materials and product design as well as
management of processing issues for achieving value addition to materials


The extensive programme of global activity will be specifically focused
on accelerating the development and application of materials technologies.
The programme will focus on the following main areas of work:

* To develop and manage a materials information system including quality
norms and environmental standards.
* To review and assess developments and applications in the field of
materials as required.
* To create an awareness service to provide information on technologies
and opportunities in materials.
* To establish Internet collaborative projects with institutions of known
competencies to serve the objectives of the Centre.
* To promote international joint projects and partnerships with reference
to identified objectives.
* To organize IMAAC annual forums and training programmes in selected
materials areas.


The programme will be tailored to meet the needs of participating
countries, industrial and professional associations, institutions and
organizations. IMAAC will provide industry with an extensive selection of
state-of-the-art technologies with which they can gain hands-on experience and
make intelligent decisions that would best suit for their needs. The judgment
of benefit from the individual programmes and projects that IMAAC will
initiate depends, at a detailed level, on precise inputs and outputs. At a
general level, the overall benefits will be:

* Membership in the new UNIDO Industrial Partnership Promotion Network
that operate within the framework of the Investment and Technology Promotion
* Access to an international initiative dedicated to meeting the materials
industry needs of the developing world.
* Cost effective, low risk involvement.
* Opportunities for new industrial business partners and contracts.
* Direct access to a dedicated resource team of practicing experts in the
area of materials technologies.
* Tailored projects to augment their own national initiatives brining
wider scope, inputs and benefits.
* Access to the latest technologies and techniques through network
agreements undertaken by IMAAC with developed country institutes and experts.
* Knowledge and benchmarking data derived directly from customized

Taking into account the above mentioned, you are kindly invited to
participate in the work programme of the International Materials Assessment
and Application Centre and to identify operational links with this Centre. We
would highly appreciate receiving from you any comments, suggestions, specific
project recommendations, etc. Additional information on other UNIDO
programmes and services can be obtained from the UNIDO Homepage at Internet


The international dimension of the designed Centre and the need for its
efficient management and innovative methods of work require a kind of pump
priming fund which will help the nucleus to grow to a stable size and
demonstrate the value of such a cooperative programme. Once this is achieved,
the Centre should be expected to raise sufficient additional amounts from
other sources for carrying out its activities.

The Government of Brazil expressed its interest in hosting the Centre
and made the decision to allocate initial funding to start the project. Funds
for the Centre's programmes are currently being sought from a range of
organizations. These include: international aid and development funding
organizations, national government development programmes, non-governmental
aid organizations, organizations sponsoring research, private industry, and
industrial organizations.

IMAAC provides a unique opportunity for funding organizations to
leverage' scarce financial resources. Funding organizations can direct funds
towards specific programmes. This ensures that a high ratio of programme
funds is effectively applied for maximum benefits of the target communities.
Appropriate management procedures ensure a high level of financial

The Centre also seeks to consolidate funds from a variety of sources to
undertake programmes for the benefit of developing countries.


Opportunities now exist, at a number of levels, for participation in the
realization of the IMAAC concept.

I. Government organizations, R&D centres and enterprises from both public
and private sectors of industry, and funding agencies active in
materials design, development, production and application, are invited
to submit project proposals and suggestions for areas of cooperation.

II. Research, manufacturing, marketing, financing, aid and policy
development organizations and trade organizations are invited to make
general operational suggestions and specific project recommendations.
Discussions focused on identifying joint project opportunities involving
the IMAAC are also welcome.

III. Relevant international organizations are invited to seek formal links
with IMAAC. In this manner, as the proposal develops, their
participation can be considered from the start.

For further information regarding ICAMT, please contact:

Mr. Vladimir Kozharnovich
Programme Manager
Investment & Technology Promotion Branch
Investment Promotion & Institutional Capacity-Building Division
Vienna International Centre
P.O. Box 300,A-1400 Vienna, Austria
Tel: (+43-1) 26026 3720/3702
Fax: (+43-1) 26026 6809
E-mail: vkozharnovich@unido.org.


Mr. Lelio Fellows Filho
National Coordinator
Deputy Director
National Council for Scientific and
Technological Development of Brazil (CNPq)
Av. W3 norte, quadra 509, bloco A
Tel: (+55-61) 348 9381
Fax: (+55-61) 348 9394
E-mail: lelio@cnpq.br

International Centre
for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT)
Bangalore, India

As part of the feasibility study, UNIDO team of experts visited a number
of countries that had taken particular interest in the establishment of such a
centre, namely: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Egypt, India, Malaysia, Mexico,
the Netherlands, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, and the United
Kingdom. During the visits, UNIDO mission received strong expression of
future support to ICAMT and desire for active involvement and cooperation at
all stages of the project.

Since that time, UNIDO has continued to promote the concept of ICAMT and
to negotiate the funding arrangements for the Centre at its initial stage of
operation with the Government of India. India has expressed the interest in
hosting ICAMT and to provide the substantive part of funding through the Trust
Fund Agreement with UNIDO. ICAMT plans to start its Pilot Activity Phase from
1 October 1999 and implement it in two years by 30 September 2001. The second
Operational Phase will start from 1 October 2001.


The mission of ICAMT will be to act as gatekeeper for developing
countries in the field of advanced manufacturing technologies, by tracking the
latest worldwide developments in leading-edge technologies and bridging the
gap between the emerging market demands and the existing technology base. The
stimulation and diffusion of new technologies into the relevant sectors will
be centered on demand driven projects involving the private sector and key
agencies from both developed and developing countries.


The core objectives of ICAMT will be:

* To become a focal point of a global network of institutions and
organizations concerned with advances in manufacturing.
* To enhance the manufacturing capability of industries in the developing
* To carry out training, studies and seminars on technology and management
aspects of manufacturing, providing advisory services, back up support to
industries and policy makers in developing countries.
* To mobilize financial resources.


The extensive programme of global activity will be specifically focused
on accelerating the development and application of manufacturing technologies.
During the Pilot Activity Phase, the programme will focus on the following
main areas of work:

* Establishment of a global network of affiliated centres of excellence.
* Development of a network of data bases with information on core
capabilities, these being grouped as research based, private sector experts
and company sector manufacturing capability, etc.
* Training projects to introduce key technologies and techniques.
* Promotion of joint industry visits to overseas facilities.
* Promotion of new manufacturing technologies and techniques, and
management best practice on quality, maintenance, etc.
* Introduction of advances in manufacturing technology (AMT) in developing
countries with specific focus on "Green Manufacturing".
* Transferring the technologies, know-how and knowledge on management of
technological change practices and training.
* Building up/strengthening the institutional and technical capacity for
technology promotion, transfer and absorption in the recipient countries.
* Linking the technology promotion and transfer mechanisms to investment
opportunities through the UNIDO Industrial Partnership Promotion Network.
* Bringing practical assistance in building up partnerships and in
management of new partnership and innovative projects.
* Development of new initiatives and formulation of demand-pull and
market-driven projects.
* Promotion of South-South and North-South cooperation.

Special efforts in the Work Programme of ICAMT will initially be put
into strengthening the manufacturing sectors of less developed and developing
countries in Africa and Asia. Strong consideration will be taken to the
promotion of South/South cooperation between the Asian and African countries
so that to easier absorb and adopt the new technologies in the developing

At the initial stage of the Pilot Activity Phase, ICAMT will concentrate
its activities on the following areas:

* World Class Manufacturing.
* Manufacturing in the Year 2000 and Beyond.
* Customer Responsive Enterprise.
* New Product Engineering.
* Lean Manufacturing.
* Green Manufacturing.
* Manufacturing and Total Quality Management.
* Enterprise Management Techniques for Competitiveness.
* Networked Supply Chain, etc.

The venue and other details of the planned meetings and training
programme will be specified as soon as the Pilot Activity Phase starts.
List of Distribution

Vladimir Kozharnovich
Programme Manager
Investment & Technology Promotion Branch
Investment Promotion & Institutional
Capacity-Building Division
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
P.O. Box 300
A-1400, Vienna
Tel: (+43-1) 26026 3720
Fax: (+43-1) 26026 6870
E-mail: vkozharnovich@unido.org

Prof. Dr. Roberto C. Villas Boas
Chairman Advisory Committee
International Materials Assessment and Application Centre (IMAAC/UNIDO)
President COPAM
Pesquisador Titular CETEM / CNPq/CETEM
Rua Quatro, Quadra D, Cidade Universit?ria
21941-590 - Ilha do Fund o - Rio de Janeiro - Brasil
phone : 00 55 21 560 72 22 ext 219
fax : 00 55 21 260 28 37
Home :00 55 553 20 70
e-mail : villasboas@cetem.gov.br
e-mail : 24327955@pager.mirabilis.com
Roberto C. Villas-Boas D.Sc.
Professor of Materials Science and Researcher
CETEM - Center for Minerals Technology
Rua 4 , Quadra D
Ilha do Fundao
Rio de Janeiro, CEP21941-590
tel : 0055215607222 ramal 219
fax : 0055212602837
* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA *
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) *
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education *
* Founder of CAADE *
* (Consortium for Affordable and Accessible Distance Education) *
* President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of *
* Global University System (GUS) *
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A. *
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Fax: 718-939-0656 (day time only--prefer email) *
* Email: utsumi@columbia.edu; Tax Exempt ID: 11-2999676 *
* http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/ *

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