<<April 17, 2000>>

Chris Nicholas <cgn@globexplorer.com>

Mr. John McLeod <mcleod@sdsc.bitnet>

Mr. Steven N. Goldstein <sgoldste@cise.cise.nsf.gov>

Thomas P Maxwell <maxwell@cbl.umd.edu><<October 8, 1999>>Did not work.

Dear Chris:

(1)  Many thanks for your msg (ATTACHMENT I and II).

(2)  Many thanks also for your strong interest in our Globally Collaborative
     Environmental Peace Gaming (in short, Global Peace Gaming).

(3)  Pls visit Chapter 5: "Global Peace Gaming" of my Draft of Proposed Book
     "Electronic Global University System and Services" which is to be
     published by Idea-Group Publishing Company, Harrisburg, PA (In negotiation).

          This is available at;

     Pls also visit Chapter 1:  Personal Recollections on the Inceptions of
     Peace Gaming and Global University System (Warning: This is a very large
     file (99 Kbytes) with all sections.)

          Its Section 1.11 War and peace gamings describes how I conceived its idea.

          According to John McLeod, the word  Peace Game (or gaming)" was
          coined by me -- see his SIMULATION, November, 1977.

               I suggested him to change the name of his organization from
               "Simulation Council, Inc. (SCi)" to the present one when I
               created their Summer Computer Simulation Conference (SCSC)
               as Program Chairman (1970, Denver) and General Chairman (1971, Boston).

(4)  The General Chairman of the 1970 SCSC was David Miller of Denelcore in
     Denver.  When he and John McLeod visited Tokyo to attend a simulation
     conference, David consulted me of his new venture to create a massive
     parallel digital computer  Heterogeneous Element Processor (HEP)" with
     50 or so central processing units -- more than the previous one, ILIAC-IV
     with four processors.  The HEP was then designed by Max Gillinad, as
     the first commercial parallel processing machine.

          Previously during I worked for Mobil Oil, I had a privilege of
          using the largest hybrid computer exclusively for a half year (*)
          -- two analog computers (each with 500 amplifiers) tied with a
          Xerox's SIGMA (the first realtime digital processor) with 32 K
          words memory.  I had to simulate the retorting of shale oil
          extraction out of Rocky Mountains with highly non-linear
          simultaneous partial differential equations with three boundary conditions.

               (*)  NASA did not have $1.5 million to pay for its cost so
               that it was just sitting at Beckman Laboratory in Richmond,
               CA. This hybrid computer was however later used for lunar
               landing of Astronaut Nil Armstrong at M.I.T.  This hybrid
               computer was designed by Max Gilliland.

          John, David, and I and others started our computer experiences
          with analog computer in 1950s and early 1960s which is a parallel
          processor -- hence we are all with parallel and non-linear
          thinkings.  At that time, we looked down slow and sequential
          processing of digital computer.  They were good only for
          accountants with arithmetics but not with differential equations
          of engineering -- see more in the Chapter I mentioned above.

     Because of my background, I of course replied affirmatively to David Miller.

(5)  On the other hand, my other previous experiences were time-sharing,
     telecommunications and networking with my post-doctoral study of Systems
     Dynamics at M.I.T.

     When Dennis Meadow, et al, at the M.I.T. published  Limit of Growth," I
     wonder how they could know everything of the world, as if they were the
     All Mighty God.  I then said why not to have Japan model be made by
     Japanese, as following the motto of Greyhound Bus: Leave the Driving to Us,"
     i.e., the inception of distributed computer simulation system through a
     data telecommunication network in the same way of analog computer
     configuration -- see Figure 1 of Chapter 5 mentioned above.

          Two decades later, Sun Microsystem got the same idea and now have
          their motto  Network is Computer."

          I then coined in 1981 a word  global neural computer network"
          where game player, his desktop computer, database and submodel of
          his expertise would correspond to a neuron, Internet router to the
          synapsis, and telecom network to the nerve of a global brain.
          Vice President Al Gore used this term in his speech later, since I
          sent his staff (one of our listserve members at that time) at the
          White House many of my materials through Sprint -- see below.

          He then replied with the following words;

                The Department of Defense is investing well over $1 billion
               in the development and implementation of networked
               distributed interactive simulation.
               This technology, which allows dispersed learners to engage
               in collaborative problem solving activities in real time, is
               now ready for transfer to schools and workplaces outside of
               the defense sector."
                                                 January 11, 1994
                     Speaking to communications industry leaders.

          I asked Tom Maxwell of its validity, and received negative reply from him.

               Dear Chris:

               Pls let me know Tom's new email address.

(6)  Thanks to a travel grant from the US National Science Foundation (NSF),
     I could attend and present of my concept of global peace gaming with
     globally distributed computer simulation at the first International
     Conference on Computer Communication (ICCC) in Washington, D.C. in
     October, 1972.

          Its first publication appeared in Nikkei Shimbun, November 4,
          1973, "Japan-U.S. Online Energy Information via Satellite" which
          is an equivalent of the Wall Street Journal (in Japanese) -- see
          Section 2.2 Inception of global peace gaming of Chapter 1 of the
          book draft mentioned above.

               At that time, I was the director of System Division of
               Mitsubishi Research Institute (MRI).  I received Y80 million
               (almost US$8 Million now) from a Japanese philanthropic
               foundation by the kind introduction of the Japanese Ministry
               of International Trade (MITI).  MRI then said to me that I
               did a very good job, and kick me out to have the money by
               themselves -- alas, they then could not perform the job, and
               had to return it back to the foundation.  What's a shame and
               humiliation to the MRI!!

     At this conference, I saw a demo of ARPANET, the first packet-switching
     data telecommunication invented by Dr. Paul Baran at Rand Corporation in
     early 1960s.  (He is one of our listserve members and a strong supporter
     of our project with his generous financial contribution.)

     I then decided to work on its extension to overseas countries,
     particularly to Japan, because the network would be the most suitable
     for our global peace gaming.

          See more on my saga of extending the US packet-switching data
          telecom networks to overseas countries in the followings of the Chapter 1;

               Section 3 Extension of U.S. packet-switching data
               telecommunication to Japan,

               Section 2.2 Inception of global peace gaming,

               Section 2.3 E-mail as message exchange via computer, etc.

(7)  As I mentioned in Section 3.5 of the Chapter 1, I then worked on the de-regulation
of the Japanese telecommunications policy for the use of e-mail through the U.S. government,
since email would be the main communication among game players.

     I then encountered with severe, fierce opposition from KDD (Kokusai
     Denshin Denwa, Japanese overseas telecom authority), since almost 60% of
     KDD's revenue at that time was from Telex.  Lo behold, their financial
     status became red a decade later after I succeeded the de-regulation!!
     Incidentally, one of major shareholders of KDD is Mitsubishi's family company.

          As Steve Goldstein of NSF mentioned in his web, he encountered
          with life threatening when he advocated the extension of broadband
          Internet-2 to overseas countries.  More than a decade before his
          experience, I also received such a word from the president of KDD
          Engineering Service (KES) which designed an awkward narrowband
          Internet satellite system for the University of the South Pacific
          (USPNet) in Fiji which main contractor was Mitsubishi Corporation.

          Incidentally, one of my sisters married to one of descendant
          (Sakurai) families of Yataro Iwasaki, the founder of Mitsubishi, --
          alas, her husband passed away while still young.

     I would say that the biggest beneficiary of my de-regulation effort was
     Mitsubishi Corporation and Mitsui, Ito-Chu, etc., Japanese trading firms.
     This is because they had to have their own leased Telex lines all over
     the world with millions, millions dollars payments to KDD.  About ten
     years ago, all of them ceased the use of telex in favor of email, thus
     saving huge money. They certainly owes me a lot of money -- but,
     alas, those Japanese never try to acknowledge my effort -- compared with
     Sprint which gave me the use of their X.25 oriented Telenet data telecom
     free of charge for over a year which use with many of my Latin American
     colleagues amounted almost $75,000/month commercial value!!  THIS IS WHY

(8)  Although I can tell you more of my old stories of peace gaming, in reply
     to your inquiry, I would say that it might be very attractive to conduct
     such a peace gaming with the officials of the World Bank and IMF, and
     key members of riot groups who are now staging bloodshed fiasco in Washington, D.C.

     For example, you may set up in Capital Mall open field a large computer
     screen and PictureTel screen for each of poor countries with broadband
     Internet connection with the countries.  Each country's platform will be
     connected to notable economists and decision-makers of the country.
     Each of computer screen will display economic outcomes in graphical form
     with the execution of their economic submodels which are connected with
     other countries through the global neural computer network and in the
     fashion of distributed computer simulation system.  Then, let the global
     model to simulate world economic future with a scenario of, say,
     forfeiting debts of all poor countries as the riot organizer proposes.

          This scheme is more advanced form than the peace gaming with FUGI
          global model which we conducted during our 1986 "Global Lecture
          Hall (GLH)" -- about which my previous listserve distributions mentioned.

     All of the participants, the officials of the World Bank, IMF,
     participating countries' decision-makers (however far away), and the
     riot group leaders can then gentlemanly discuss each of scenarios,
     rationally with critical thinking as basing on  facts and figures" --
     without any bloodshed and fiasco!!

(9)  Such was the dream of mine when I conceived the peace gaming almost 25
     to 30 years ago at Mitsubishi Research Institute, brain center of Mitsubishi cartel.

     I wonder if your friend, Mr. Kamiyama of Mitsubishi would be interested
     in this venture with his company's return of my favor -- in multi-million dollars' order!!

(10) Currently, I am very busy to stage Global University System, since
     education/learning would be the fundamental to world peace, as fostering
     global citizenship of global village to cope with globalization of
     global economy -- which is one of the main targeted subjects of the rioters in D.C.

          During our 1998 GLH from Manaus, Amazona, Brazil in October, 1998,
          we worked with Space Communications Corp.(SCC), one of Mitsubishi
          family companies, to introduce Medical Information Network by
          Communication Satellite for University Hospitals (MINCS-UH) which
          connects about 30 university hospitals around Japan with two-way,
          broadband (45 Mbps) digital satellite channels for medical
          diagnosis with HDTV -- see
          <http://square.umin.ac.jp/kiuchi/ohp/ -- for slide show>.

          I then visited SCC last spring to learn their new venture of
          DirecPC with Superbird-5 which can be uplinked from a Teleport in
          Hawaii and can reach to Manila with broadband Internet downlink.

          I was planning to visit SCC for its use for our Global University
          System/Asia-Pacific Reion/Manila-Philippines operation -- see
          "Draft of Travel Grant Application to the National Science
          Foundation for the Manila Mini-Workshop -- 1 of 5: Travel Grant
          Application / 2 of 5: Workshop Schedule / 3 of 5: Grant Nominees /
          4 of 5: Philippine Counterparts / 5 of 5: GUS in the Philippines
          Pilot Project Proposal - February 16-17, 2000" at

Pls feel free to contact me if you have any further questions.

Best, Tak
                          ATTACHMENT I

Date: Thu, 06 Apr 2000 23:57:40 -0700
From: Chris Nicholas <cgn@globexplorer.com>
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: Greetings

Is it at all possible to bring together one of your famous "Peace
Games" in the next few weeks? The chance to reach a global
audience on how such games might play out, particularly before
the presidential election, is tremendous. I would bet that
several networks would readily do an in-depth on Internet
sessions such as you have often held.

If it is of any use, perhaps Mitsubishi can help coordinate with
NASDA, JDA and Ministry of Home Affairs as well, if you have a
list of people that you would like to have "play."


Chris Nicholas


Subject: Are you available on April 13?
Date: Wed, 05 Apr 2000 12:07:17 +0900
From: Yoichi Kamiyama <yoichi.kamiyama@jp.mitsubishicorp.com>
To: Chris Nicholas <cnicholas@globexplorer.com>

Dear Chris,

I am going to Las Vegas in week of April 9 to attend NAB (National Association
for Broadcaster), where I would like to update my insight for IP broadcasting
business. Space Communications Corp.(SCC) would launch Superbird-5 at the end
of August this year, and the SB-5 will be launched at 110E, which is exact
same orbital position with Japanese broadcasting satellite that has more than
14 million subscriber now. This means that we should have a big potential
market for IP broadcasting business. My strategy is to be "broadband portal
service operator for IP broadcaster" that enable us to be EC platform operator.

As such, I wonder if you are available for dinner with me on April 13 so that
I can have your insight of IP broadcasting market and other trend in the U.S.
If you are convenience, I will fly for SFC in the afternoon from LAX to see
you and will get back to Japan on April 14 from SFC instead of LAX.

Please let me know if you can see me on April 13 by return so that I will
change flight schedule accordingly.

Best regards,

Y. Kamiyama


Excerpt from
On the Mall in Washington
EarthFair 2000, April 22, 10 a.m.-5 p.m. EST

Leonardo DiCaprio to Host EarthFair 2000 on the Mall in Washington, D.C. April 22, 2000

In celebration of Earth Day, April 22, 2000, thousands of communities around
the world will host a wide variety of events. In the United States, the
flagship event will be a huge gathering on the Mall in Washington, D.C. During
a webcast on November 17, 1999, Earth Day Network announced that one of the
nation's most popular celebrities, actor Leonardo DiCaprio, will serve as
chairman for the Mall event.

A stage powered by renewable energy will feature additional international
entertainment and top musical acts from the U.S. Along with the entertainment,
Earth Day Network will host EarthFair 2000 on the Mall -- hundreds of exhibits
displaying all the elements of a sustainable society. Sun, wind, earth, water,
and people will be powering exhibits, modeling central components of a clean
energy future.

Each of the energy technology "pavilions" will feature hands-on activities,
many involving children's activities, and opportunities for direct action.
EarthFair 2000 will also recycle its trash, use clean, alternative energy, and
demonstrate other ways to have a sustainable event as well as a sustainable
world. We will provide visitors with examples of how to make a difference in
their home, at work, everyday.

There will be thousands of other events, some involving hundreds of thousands
of people, from coast to coast and around the world. Big Earth Day events are
planned for cities including London, New York, Tokyo, Los Angeles, Seoul,
Chicago, Beijing, Atlanta, Tel Aviv, Boston, Manila and San Diego.  In all,
half a billion people around the world will participate in Earth Day 2000.

Find an event in your community and get involved!
                         ATTACHMENT II

Date: Sat, 15 Apr 2000 12:31:15 -0700
From: Chris Nicholas <cgn@globexplorer.com>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
Subject: Re: Scenario USED for peace gaming at 1986 GLH

         <<April 17, 2000>> Removed here by T. Utsumi,

One other thing you might be interested to know is that I have
been talking with Thomas Maxwell for a long time about making a
modular version of his system for deployment again our data
archive, such that people might be able to populate the datasets
necessary for environmental simulation rapidly for anywhere in
the world.  We will also be located at a T3 facility, capable of
multicast connectivity, and perhaps we might figure out something
for content access by GLOSAS for specific events or programs.

Chris Nicholas
                      List of Distribution

Chris Nicholas
GlobeXplorer, Inc.

Mr. John McLeod (Fax: 619-277-3930)
Society for Computer Simulation International (SCSI)
8484 La Jolla Shores Drive
La Jolla, CA 92037

Mr. Steven N. Goldstein
Program Director, Interagency & International Networking Coordination
Div. of Networking and Communications Research & Infrastructure
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Blvd.
Arlington, VA 22230

Thomas P Maxwell, Ph.D.
Research Scientist
Spatial Systems Research
Distributed Modular Spatio-Temporal Simulation
Institute for Ecological Economics
University of Maryland
Box 38, Solomons, Md. 20688
FAX: 410-326-7354
maxwell@cbl.umd.edu<<October 8, 1999>>Did not work.
* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA                  *
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) *
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education  *
* Founder of CAADE                                                   *
* (Consortium for Affordable and Accessible Distance Education)      *
* President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of     *
*   Global University System (GUS)                                   *
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A.               *
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Fax: 718-939-0656 (day time only--prefer email) *
* Email: utsumi@columbia.edu;  Tax Exempt ID: 11-2999676             *
* http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/                            *
Return to: Global University System Early 2000 Correspondence
Web page by Steve McCarty, World Association for Online Education President