<<January 25, 2001>>
Archived distributions can be retrieved by clicking on the top lines of our home page at <http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/>.

Marco Antonio R. Dias, T.C.D. (Third Cycle Diploma) <mardias@club-internet.fr>

Mr. Komlavi Francisco Seddoh <k.seddoh@unesco.org>

Dr Mir Asghar Husain <ma.husain@unesco.org>

C«dric Wachholz <C.Wachholz@unesco.org>

John B. Rose <j.rose@unesco.org>

Mr. Akio Arata <a.arata@unesco.org>

Khalid Moidu, M.D., Ph.D. <kmoidu@hotmail.com>

P. Tapio Varis, Ph.D, Professor <tapio.varis@uta.fi>

Francis J. Method <fmethod@erols.com>

Peter T. Knight, Ph.D. <ptknight@attglobal.net>

Dr. Joseph N. Pelton <ecjpelton@aol.com>

Christine Maxwell <maxwell@isoc.org>

Vincent Cerf, Ph.D. <vcerf@mci.net>

Dr. Paul Baran <paul@baran.com>

Dear Marco, Komlavi, Asghar, C«dric, John, and Akio:

(1) Many thanks for your time for my presentation of our various projects
on Global University System (GUS), Global Broadband Internet (GBI),
and Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF) in the afternoon of 2/9th in your
UNESCO/Paris office.

I greatly enjoyed our mutual fruitful conversations.

Dear C«dric:

Many thanks for your msg (ATTACHMENT I). I was very glad my
laptop worked with your LCD projector!!

Dear Khalid:

Many thanks for your initial introduction to your cousin,
Asghar. He kindly set up his office for my presentation and was
very eager to listen to my presentation. I envy you to have
such a fine, capable gentleman, as your cousin.

Dear e-Colleagues and Tapio:

The PowerPoint slides I used for the presentation can be
retrieved at "Three GLOSAS Projects" -- Slide show (revised) at
AAOU on 10/27/00 (NOTE: This slides [made by Microsoft Office:
Mac 2001] should be viewed with Internet Explorer rather than
Netscape because of the compatibility problem.), which can be
accessed at,


Dear Tapio:

(2) By the kind introduction of Marco, I could meet with Komlavi, the
successor to Marco's position.

He kindly provided me hard copies of the application to the
UNESCO/UNITWIN program (ATTACHMENT II) -- see more at

The draft of this agreement to become its member can be retrieved at

Marco suggested that you and I should sign on this agreement. I will
send you its hard copy for your signature -- along with the hard copy
materials of this program.

Dear Frank, Peter and Joe:

(3) I also handed out to all attendees of our mtg a copy of the
conditionality for the GSTF project which Frank kindly produced
(ATTACHMENT III) prior to my trip, although it needs further refinements.

The GSTF project was very well received. They are willing to work on
the refinements at the workshop either in Paris or in Washington,
D.C., as soon as we will secure the seed fund from the InfoDev of the
World Bank and elsewhere.

Dear Joe:

About your intention of inviting Mr. Matsuura, the new Director
General of UNESCO, for the inauguration of GSTF at the Global Summit
which you are now organizing with the possible fund from the InfoDev
of the World Bank (possibly in the coming fall in Washington, D.C.),
Asghar suggested that you should write a letter to

Mr. Koichiro Matsuura
Director General
PLace de Fontenoy
75007, PARIS

at the earliest possible time, since his schedule is getting filled up quickly.

Dear John:

(4) Many thanks for the wonderful materials of your InfoEthics 2000
conference at your UNESCO from Nov. 11 to 15, 2000:

[Corrected URL:]

I found the following materials very interesting;

(a) Longworth, Elizabeth, "The role of Public Authorities in Access
to Information: the Broader and More Efficient Provision of Public Content,"

(b) Maxwell, Christine, "Impact of Global Trends on Universal Access
To Information Resources."

Pls let me know the URL which includes those materials.

Dear Christine:

(5) Congratulations to your excellent write-up -- I browsed it through
with great interest, though I found that some parts contradict with
the words of Mr. Yoshio Utsumi, Director General of the International
Telecommunications Union (ITU), which I conveyed in my msgs to you
last year upon your request for help. See:

1. "Summary paper on GUS and GSTF projects - June 30, 2000"

2. "Helping Internet Society's report to UNESCO - July 10, 2000"

3. "Poverty reduction with Information technology in developing countries - July 10, 2000"

All of the above can be retrieved at: http://www.friends-partners.org/~utsumi/gu-l/mid-2000/index.html

You may also look for a very interesting write-up by the former
Chairman Reed Hundt of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
which appeared in EDUCOM REVIEW some month ago which mentioned how the
cost reduction of telecom was rapidly made with de-regulations and
entrepreneur's good idea (e.g., call-back feature, etc.).

Your write-up might have been constrained by UNESCO -- see Vint's msg (ATTACHMENT IV).

However, I explained to the attendees of our mtg at the UNESCO
how X-25 protocol helped UNESCO/Venezuela people with free email account
(worth hundreds thousands dollar in commercial value) which I provided
them thanks to Sprint's returning my favor of previously working on
the extension of the packet switching data telecom networks (which was
invented in early 1960s by Paul Baran, one of our list members) to
various countries (particularly to Japan) and subsequently
de-regulating the Japanese telecom policies for the use of email (which
led to its use by more than 377 million people around the world
nowadays). This then led to the video recorded greetings by Dr. Colin
N. Power, then Assistant Director-General for Education, and by Dr.
Federico Mayor, then Director-General of UNESCO in our Global Lecture
Hall (GLH)" videoconferencings spanning around the world in more than
a dozen years in the past.

The Sprint's email with X25 protocol could mix with fax
telephone numbers so that the msg could be sent to any fax
around the world at the same time. This feature cannot be done
yet with the current Internet with the TCP/IP protocol which
Vint invented -- he is also one of our list members.

Best, Tak

From: Wachholz C=E9dric <C.Wachholz@unesco.org>
To: Tak Utsumi <utsumi@friends-partners.org>
Cc: Mir Asghar Husain <Ma.Husain@unesco.org>
Subject: RE: My vist to UNESCO on 1/12th
Date: Tue, 9 Jan 2001 19:02:29 +0100

Dear Mr Tak Utsumi,
On behalf of Mr Husain I would like to thank you for below message,
confirm our meeting and inform you that the LCD projector/ overhead projector
will be available for your presentation.
We look forward to meeting with you soon.
C«dric Wachholz

Excerpt from <http://www.unesco.org/education/educprog/unitwin/intro_e.html>

An Innovative Approach to the Transfer of Knowledge

Launched in 1991, the "UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme" is an ambitious
initiative of the Organization in the field of higher education. This
Programme is aimed to strengthen international cooperation between higher
education institutions and programmes through twinning and other networking
arrangements and to foster academic solidarity in favour of developing countries.

The World Conference on Higher Education held at UNESCO (5-9 October 1998) in
the Framework for Priority Action has reinforced the value of creating and
strengthening centres of excellence in developing countries through the
UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme. This reflects the growing awareness of the
crucial role of higher education in the modern world in which socio-economic
development is becoming more knowledge-intensive and is relying increasingly
on professional and managerial staff with advanced training. The developing
countries in particular cannot hope to bridge the gap separating them from
the industrially developed world - and thereby reduce their dependence on
external technical and scientific assistance - unless they develop their own
institutions and programmes of advanced studies and research and secure ready
access to the latest advances in science and technology.

That is why a key feature of the Programme is the transfer of knowledge and
institutional development of higher education worldwide, with particular
emphasis on developing countries and those in transition. This goal is
achieved in the first place through setting up interregional networks linking
higher education institutions throughout the world. UNESCO Chairs and the
visiting professorships associated with them have also emerged as
particularly successful instruments for this purpose since they serve to put
into place teaching and research programmes tailor-made to respond to
specific needs for sustainable development. At the same time, the Programme
lays special emphasis on cooperation among the higher education institutions
in the developing world, i.e. the South-South dimension of inter-university
co-operation, and is aimed at alleviating the brain drain from developing countries.

UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme was launched at a time when resources for
international development aid were steadily shrinking. Now, eight years after
its launching, it is a source of great satisfaction to report on the positive
response with which the UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme has met
internationally. The various projects already launched within the framework
of the Programme, which today includes over 380 Chairs and 60
inter-university networks, cover a wide range of fields, and take a
multidisciplinary approach: education, sustainable development; environmental
and population issues; science and technology; social and human sciences,
peace, democracy, human rights; culture, communication. As a result it has
become a major thrust of UNESCO's action in the field of higher education.

UNESCO expresses sincere thanks for the support extended to the Programme by
Member States, sister organizations of the UN system, intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, multilateral and bilateral development aid
agencies and foundations, the private and public sector at large, and above
all, to the universities themselves, their associations and the world
academic community for their co-operation in this undertaking.

The attached documents set out procedures and guidelines for joining the
Programme. All UNESCO partners, old and new, are invited to join the
Organization in reinforcing international co-operation in higher education
through the UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme which is regarded as a highly
effective means of supporting higher education worldwide.

Overview of Criteria for GSTF

Some means of limiting and focusing the application of GSTF resources is
needed, for three main reasons:

1. The essential justification for the GSTF is that important
public goods objectives (development objectives) are going unmet
because of lack of access to affordable broadband and related
technology services. Support for the overall initiative
requires that the resources be focused on entities meeting the
public goods criteria.

2. Financial resources will not be adequate, at least initially, to
meet all needs. Unless some means is found to ensure resources
are used for high priority and high quality applications, they
may be viewed as undesirable subsidies for less cost-effective
applications without the public good characteristics meeting
local allocation criteria for scarce public financial resources.

3. Technology and bandwidth resources will not be made available by
providers at the scale or the prices necessary to have a
significant impact if there is not some assurance that:

At the same time, it is undesirable to burden the GSTF mechanism with complex
conditionality criteria requiring substantial review and judgment by a board
or governing body or with such detailed analysis and reporting processes that
the mechanism becomes a policy-setting, standard-setting or technical
assistance entity. To the maximum extent possible it is desirable:

Essential Criteria

Categorical Criteria

a) Which types and categories of education, health, research and
museum or library entities should be eligible? Initially, it
may be desirable to limit participation to tertiary education,
medical research facilities with international affiliation and
museums or libraries accredited as national institutions.
b) What public participation or certification should be required?
Initially, it may be desirable to limit participation to public
entities. Some determination will have to be made for
parastatal entities and for public-private partnerships.
c) How specific should the criteria be? For example, should
eligibility be determined case by case or for whole systems such
as a university system or linked medical facilities?
Initially, it may be sufficient to identify a national entity or
Ministry that could provide approval or certification and take
fiduciary responsibility for the end-user obligations.

Legal Criteria

a) Each eligible entity will have to exist as a legal entity or
charter, with the authority to make commitments and with
necessary fiduciary and governance responsibilities under local
b) Alternatively, it may be necessary to identify a local
intermediary (Ministry, University, Foundation, organization or
institute) with the necessary legal personality and ability to
take responsibility for the end-user entity.

Ethical and Fair Use Criteria

a) Non-commercial
b) Access as open and non-restrictive as possible
c) Mainly for pre-determined public goods uses

Note: The above criteria may be developed in the form of a set of guidelines
for the initial set of applicants, perhaps as a written certification or
agreement, with modification over time as a result of peer review by other
GSTF participants.

Other Criteria:

a) The initial criteria should be limited in number, possibly the
three suggested above criteria: categories of public goods;
legal status; Ethical and Fair Use certification.
b) Over time, the criteria may be refined and restated as needed,
with substantial participation in this process by the
participants in the initial set of GSTF applications.
c) Some criterion or commitment for self-assessment and reporting
of results might be considered. This would help both to
increase learning and demonstration effects and to refine the
GSTF approach over time.
d) No criterion is suggested for efficacy of the end-use or for
other criteria of success such as solvency or program growth of
the end-user. Instead, it is expected that the arrangements for
initial bandwidth will be time-limited leases or contracts and
that any problems arising in the course of the initial
commitment can be addressed at the time of renewal and

Arrangements for Developing Criteria

Establishing Criteria: A major effort will be needed to refine the above
criteria and to develop feasible arrangements for screening the applicants.
Confidence in the relevance of the criteria, the technical validity of the
criteria and the arms-length neutrality in establishing eligibility is
essential. Participation by UNESCO, WHO and ITU as well as representatives
of the technology providers and relevant specialized NGOs will be needed.

a) As early as possible upon launch of the GSTF, a working group
should be established of 4-6 members designated by the above
organizations to meet with GSTF organizers in a workshop to
draft initial criteria. This could be either in North America
(NY or Washington) or in Europe (Paris, Geneva, other) and
should be at least two full work days.
b) Following the completion of draft criteria, each participant
should vet the materials as necessary within their respective
organization and with key officials in the focus countries.
N.B. The purpose of this exercise is to refine the criteria, not
to revise the GSTF mechanism or proposal. This process should
be relatively short, perhaps one month, maximum two months.
c) During this same period, GSTF organizers will need to begin
preparation of necessary materials for dissemination and for
application. It should be possible during this period to
complete the graphics and the workplan for duplication and
d) At an agreed date, say two months after the initial workshop, an
additional workshop and decision meeting will be needed to reach
agreement on the final set of criteria and the dissemination
package for the initial set of GSTF applications. This will
require an additional workday, perhaps two days, at a site to be
determined as mutually convenient to the working group.

In addition to its sectoral expertise and convening mandates with respect to
standard-setting for education, for scientific research and for museums and
libraries, UNESCO also may wish to consider roles involving the UNESCO
National Commissions in the processes of disseminating information and
determining eligibility for GSTF at the country level. WHO and ITU may also
have roles both in setting criteria and in coordinating GSTF activities at the country level.

a) UNESCO should be asked to convene a joint meeting of
representatives of the specialized organizations immediately
concerned with the GSTF as well as of UNDP and the regional
entities concerned with coordination at the country and sub-regional levels.
b) The major product of this consultation should be agreement on
the appropriate means of disseminating information and
coordinating applications at the country level.

Summary of Requirements:
Rest removed by T. Utsumi <<January 25, 2001>>

From: gu-cgd@friends-partners.org
Date: Mon, 10 Jul 2000 19:40:58 -0400
To: vcerf@mci.net
Cc: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: Error Condition Re: Re: Helping Internet Society's report to UNESCO


thank you for taking time to go into so much material

It may not have been clear but the UNESCO guidance for
this paper was fairly narrow so things like X.25 seemed
less relevant in the grand scheme of Internet things.


Return to Global University System Early 2001 Correspondence

List of Distribution

Marco Antonio R. Dias, T.C.D. (Third Cycle Diploma)
Vice President, Global University System
Consultant of United Nations University
Former Director, Division of Higher Education of UNESCO
36, Rue Ernest Renan
92.190 Meudon
Tel: +33-1-45 34 3509
+33-1-45-68-3009 (UNU office in Paris)
Fax: +33-1-45 34 3509

Mr. Komlavi Francisco Seddoh
Director, Division of Higher Education
7, Place de Fontenoy
75352, Paris 07SP
Fax: +33-1-45-68-5626 to 5628

Dr Mir Asghar Husain
Director, Division of Educational Policies and Strategies

C«dric Wachholz
Tel: +33-1-45 68 09 54
Fax: +33-1-45 68 56 29

John B. Rose
Information Society Division
Information and Informatics Division
Division de l'Information et de l'Informatique
Communication Division
1 Rue Miollis
75732 PARIS Cedex 15
Tel: (33-1) 45 68 45 29
Fax: (33-1) 45 68 55 83

Mr. Akio Arata
Chief, Funds-in-Trust Section
Division for Cooperation with Extrabudgetary Funding Sources
7, Place de Fontenoy
75352, Paris 07SP
Fax: +33-1-45-68-5507

Khalid Moidu, M.D., Ph.D.
Medical Cancer of Boston International, Inc.
Citadel Health
35, Sai Enclave
Road No 12
Banjara Hills
Hyderabad AP
India - 500 034
Tel: 91 40 330 2785
Fax: 1 707 221 0999

P. Tapio Varis, Ph.D, Professor
Acting President, Global University System
Chairman, GLOSAS/Finland
Professor and Chair
Media Culture and Communication Education
Hypermedia laboratory
University of Tampere
P.O.Box 607
FIN-33101 Tampere
Tel: +358-3-215 6110
Tel: +358-3-614-5247--office in Hameenlinna
Tel: +358-3-215 6243--mass media lab in Tampere
GSM: +358-50-567-9833
Fax: +358-3-215 7503

Francis J. Method
Director, UNESCO-Washington
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
1775 K St. N.W.
Washington, DC 20006
Phone: (1) 202-331-3755
Fax: (1) 202-331-9121

Peter T. Knight, Ph.D.
Board member of GLOSAS/USA
Knight, Moore - Telematics for Education and Development
Communications Development Incorporated (CDI)
Strategy, Policy, Design, Implementation, Evaluation
1808 I Street, NW, Suite 700
Washington, DC 20006, USA
Tel: 1-202-721-0348 (dir/vmail) 202-775-2132 (sec.)
Fax: 1-202-775-2135 (office)
Cel: 1-202-255-7215
IP for CU-SeeMe:
webmail: ptknight@netscape.net
http://www.knight-moore.com/partners/partnerindex.htm -- bio
http://www.knight-moore.com/projects/GSTF.html -- about GSTF
Rio de Janeiro Office
Avenida Atl ntica 4022/302
22070-002 Rio de Janeiro, RJ
Tel/Fax: 55-21-522-9167, cell 9752-5972

Dr. Joseph N. Pelton
Board member of GLOSAS/USA
Senior Research Scientist
Institute for Applied Space Research, Rm 340
George Washington University
2033 K Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20052
Fax: 202-994-5505
Acting Executive Director of CITI
Vice-Chair of the Arthur C. Clarke Foundation of the U.S. (ACCFUS)
Arthur C. Clark Institute for Telecommunication and Information (CITI)
4025 40th Street North
Arlington, VA 22207
(703) 536-6985

Christine Maxwell
Vice Chairman
Internet Society
Tel: +33 4 42 66 80 30
French Portable No. +33 6 20 72 40 63
Wildfire Global Tracking Number: +1 415 732 6170
Fax: +33 4 42 66 81 07

Vincent Cerf, Ph.D.
MCI WorldCom
22001 Loudoun County Parkway
Building F2, Room 4115, ATTN: Vint Cerf
Ashburn, VA 20147
Telephone (703) 886-1690
FAX (703) 886-0047

Dr. Paul Baran
83 James Ave.
Atherton, CA 94025
415 323 5053 voice
415 323 2056 fax

* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA *
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) *
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education *
* Founder of CAADE *
* (Consortium for Affordable and Accessible Distance Education) *
* President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of *
* Global University System (GUS) *
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A. *
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Fax: 718-939-0656 (day time only--prefer email) *
* Email: utsumi@columbia.edu; Tax Exempt ID: 11-2999676 *
* http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/ *

Return to Global University System Early 2001 Correspondence