<<October 6, 1999>>

Prof. Jose Brenes Andre
President of Costa Rica Fulbright Association
Escuela de Fisica
Universidad de Costa Rica
San Pedro
Tel: +506-207-5019
Fax: +506-225-5511

Dear Jose:

(1) Many thanks for your msg of 10/4th.

(2) ATTACHMENT I is my revised version. Pls feel free to revise further,
and let me know ASAP -- since Tapio is waiting for our final report to
be done soon.

(3) My comments are in << >>.

Best, Tak


Proposal for infoDev Activity


4. Participating organizations, with contact information. Include email
addresses when available. (Note that letters of commitment may be required
before award of a grant.)

Universidad de Costa Rica
San Pedro
Tel: +506-207-5019
Fax: +506-225-5511

Global University System at
University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
Satamakatu 4A 11
33200 Tampere Finland
e-mail: tapio.varis@uta.fi

University of Tennessee
108-I Hoskins Library
Knoxville, TN 37996-4051
Tel: +1-423-974 5227
Fax: +1-423-974 5229

GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association, U.S.A.
43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A.
e-mail: utsumi@columbia.edu

5. a. Activity summary: please limit this to Half A Page only.

(1) problem or opportunity to be addressed:

I changed the numbering for this ASCII format.>>

The goals of the Global University for Central America (GUCA) are;

1. Set up the Global University/Central America to test some of the latest
technologies available in order to provide affordable education to all
of the population in the area.

Such an university will provide non-traditional curricula and courses
of interdisciplinary character, using the technical and scientific
base installed in the area.

2. Set up the basis for the incoming INTERNET-2 systems, to be used both
for educational (Distant Education) and medical (Telemedicine) purposes.

It is hoped that this effort will complement other efforts carried
out in programs targeted to diminish illiteracy, women education,
health, and agriculture.

3. Establish a partnership with the Universities now forming the CSUCA
system, a consortium of all the public backed universities in the

Pls spell out what CSUCA is.>>

(2) proposed activities:

1. With the possible collaboration of foundations such as Kellog, primary
school teachers will be reached to set up a program to teach hygiene as
well as nutritional practices to improve their living standards. This
action is the top of the list now since the area is being hit by

2. Regional health posts will be reached via satellite using small aperture
antennas to upgraded the academic preparation of nurses and auxiliary
people in the field, as well as of the local population.

3. With the coming of INTERNET-2, remote medical diagnostics will be
included as one of the services provided by GUCA

(3) the anticipated outcome:

1. It is expected that, by improving local conditions, pressure to emigrate
from rural areas to cities, as well as from one country to another will
be diminished.
2. Medicine level in the area will be increased by making available to the
medical personnel with the latest techniques for diagnostics.
3. It is also believed that the population can considerably reduced the
needs of curative medicine, by learning simple health practices.
Prevention is cheaper than cure.


6. infoDev Program Objective? (see guidelines for explanation):
Please choose ONE of the following:

3. Improving education and health.

7. infoDev Strategic Activity? (see guidelines for explanation):
Please choose ONE of the following:

4. Pilot projects.

8. Sector of Proposed Activity?:

Underlines are the chosen ones.>>

3. Education
7. Health
8. Infrastructure
9. Internet Connectivity

9. Grantee Organization Type?:

1. Academic/Research
2. Non Governmental Organization
5. Regional and Bilateral Organizations

10. Geographic Location of Activity? (Specific country, or region if a
regional project)

Central America, i.e., Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa
Rica, and Panama


11. What is the problem or opportunity that this activity addresses?

Electronic means of communication have been taking an ever greater role in our
societies. Internet business, for instance, is expected to move money in the
order of billions of dollars. Scientific progress at universities have been
enhanced via access to data bases via Internet. Medical equipment, now more
than ever, is based on digital equipment, a fact that makes it quite immediate
to send the acquired data via Internet, or process it by a PC. In a word,
anyone not wired in a way or another will be in a great disadvantage with
respect to their peers.

The Central American region, because of historical and political reasons, is
composed of quite different countries, some more advance than others. This
disparity is becoming a source of friction, causing a heavy rate of labor
force to move from one area to another, overloading in some cases the labor,
educational, and medical infrastructure.

Due to all this, the Global University for Central America seeks to address
several of this points, and try to diminish their negative impact on society.

Countries like Honduras and Nicaragua, both heavily hit by Hurricane Mitch may
profit by having access to educational resources now available at Costa Rica
and Guatemala, which can be put at their disposition by means of satellite
interaction. By increasing educational level in some of this rural
populations, standard of living may increase as diminishing the pressure to

Making available to this populations new ways for medical diagnostics, be it
better trained physicians or else hard to get equipment, jointly with
dissemination of hygiene practices that can be easily be put to practice, may
lower significantly the impact of diseases some of which may long be
eradicated in other countries.

This way of action will not only avoid the spreading of such diseases, but
reduce the economical burden the recipient country has to face to vaccinate,
and cure the illegal immigrants.

Such joint actions eventually will change the perception that some populations
have with respect to others, lowering tensions, and paving the way to a better
understanding among them.

12. What is the anticipated outcome of the activity? (who will benefit, what
type and magnitude of benefits)

It is expected that the following segments of the Central American population
will profit from the activities proposed above:

(1) Universities, on account of upgrading of professors' knowledge, and
putting students in touch with latest technologies.
(2) Hospitals and local medical posts, for nurses and doctors will not only
have access to better diagnostic techniques, but because nurse training
will be improved.
(3) Scientists and engineers will also profit from partnerships developed by
Internet access, as well as by tailor made courses provided by local
(4) Adoption of telemedicine practices at hospitals will improved the
services they provid to the surrounding populations

13. What specific activities will the activity undertake? (That is, what
will the activity produce, such as training, databases created, policy
dialogue, etc. These are the actions that will have the impact described in
question 11.)

(1) Establishment of Global University for Central America:

Some possible forms this activity may take are:

* Teleconferences, based on text
* Videoconferences
* Web-based instructions
* Local experts assistance to medium size enterprises
* Multimedia development

(2) Establishment of two-way interactions between several local medical
posts and regular hospitals:

Some of the forms this two-way interaction can take are:

* Access to medical data bases
* Medical training
* Remote diagnostics
* Emergency support, like in situations created by hurricanes
* Prevention care

(3) Development of conditions leading to INTERNET-2 systems that will make
practices such as tele-medicine feasible and affordable to large
segments of the population.

(4) Local medical personnel will improve their knowledge via interactive
courses, delivered by highly specialized doctors and nurses.

(5) Establishment of electronic cottages in several communities, so as to
start democratizing Internet access.

GUCA will then act as a resonance box which can make personal efforts reach a
much bigger population, making the more efficient and have a higher impact
with the same input.

14. What type of inputs, such as human and financial resources, facilities,
etc. will be required for these activities?

(1) For infrastructure:

1. VSAT earth stations,
2. wireless broadband units to set up star-like networks,
3. availability of service engineers to help set them up.

(2) For contents:

1. Programmers,
2. Teacher trainers,
3. Social sciences professionals for impact evaluation,
4. Librarians.

(3) For administrative activities:

1. Accountants,
2. Fund seekers.

15. Why is this set of activities a cost effective method of achieving the
outcome described in question 12? Is there a lower cost method?

Internet has proved to be a method by which, at a very low cost for the end
user, (s)he may be in touch with very high quality material, at a low cost.
Material developed for small audiences can, with low cost changes, be
distributed to much bigger audiences multiplying its effectiveness n-fold.
Programs now available make it possible for any individual to prepare web-base
pages that can be of benefit to a much broader population.

Broad-band Internet will enable local universities to develop course content
more in line with local demands, by making the appropriate changes to the raw
material. Economic costs to do so will be much lower than what it would cost
to set up tailor made committees to tackle every one of such demands, with the
actual risks of repeating a good part of the job done by others.

16. Why would this activity be important for the rest of society? Does it
represent a general solution to the problem discussed in question 11? Are its
activities replicable? How will other groups be able to utilize the
experience of this activity?

This activity is a community development approach, firstly with non-profit
organizations and secondly with for-profit organizations. This activity is to
be a model replicable to other localities and regions, as leading the use of
advanced Internet in various sectors of society. The higher educational
institution selected in the locality will have the broadband Internet
satellite earth-station, and will become the major Internet Service Provider
(ISP) to the local community of non-profit organizations. The higher
education institution will then provide teacher training to secondary and
elementary schools.


17. What are the specific deliverables to infoDev from this activity?

1. Formation of project teams,
2. Strategy of joint fund raising for the projects,
3. Direction for collaboratively furthering global electronic distance
4. Conference report for public dissemination,
5. Final report to infoDev.

18. How will the activity be sustained following the end of infoDev grant
funding, both institutionally and financially?

1. It is expected that higher education institutions in the region will
join the project supplying human and financial resources.
2. For-profit organizations will be invited to join efforts in such a way
that they will undertake a major portion of the financial burden.

19. What are the major risks to the success of this activity, and how will
they be mitigated?

1. Government regulations on the establishment of broadband Internet

We plan to mitigate this risk as focusing and emphasizing on
humanitarian purposes of distance learning and telemedicine, with
implementation of the broadband Internet in non-profit organizations
in the first phase, e.g., higher, secondary and elementary
educational institutions, hospitals, libraries, local government
agencies, etc

2. Disintegration of local coalition:

We plan to mitigate this risk as providing the members of the
coalition with flexible, open, and equal information, collaboration,
and standing.

20. How will activities and outcomes be measured, and evaluated? Include
plans and schedule for measuring and evaluating impact.

1. Measurements of activities:

Internet usage rates, growth rates of web sites, course wares,
outreach students, number of occurrences of telemedicine events,etc

2. Evaluation of outcomes:

Acceptance of this venture by local community members, increase of
outreach students with distance learning methodology, acceptance of
telemedicine by local community,etc

21. How will ownership and control of physical or intellectual assets of the
activity be determined? Please certify that infoDev will have title to all
intellectual property produced using grant funds.

This subject will be determined on a case-by-case basis along with the
formation of local coalition members


26. Resumes of proposed staff

Costa Rica

Prof. Jose Brenes Andre
Universidad de Costa Rica

Pls include your bio here.>>

European Union

Tapio Varis
University of Tampere
Tampere, Finland

Tapio Varis is currently Professor and Chair of Media Culture and
Communication Education at the University of Tampere Finland (Journalism and
Mass Communication and Department of Teacher Education), consultant on new
learning technologies for the Finnish Ministry of Education and advisor to
several international organizations. In 1996-97, he was UNESCO Chair of
Communication Studies at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain. He has
also been a faculty member of the European Peace University, the University of
Art and Design in Helsinki and Communication and Media Scholar at the
University of Helsinki.

Tapio Varis is a former Rector of the University for Peace in Costa Rica and
Professor of Media Studies in the University of Lapland, Finland. He has
published approximately 200 scientific contributions, the latest being Media
of the Knowledge Age, published by Helsinki University Press 1995 (in
Finnish). He is listed in Who's Who in the World (1984 & 1995) and Men of
Achievement (1986 & 1995).


David A. Johnson
University of Tennessee
Knoxville, TN

Dr. Johnson, AICP, is Professor of Planning at the University of Tennessee,
Knoxville, and has been at UTK for 16 years. He is also an adjunct faculty
member in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Previously he
taught in and directed planning departments at Syracuse University and Ball
State University. Prof. Johnson received bachelors and masters degrees in
architecture and city planning from Yale University and a PhD in regional
planning from Cornell University. He has been a Fulbright Scholar in India,
Thailand, and the Soviet Union, and is a past President of the Fulbright
Association of the United States. He has directed educational projects in
Amazonas, Brazil and Coimbra, Portugal.

Professor Johnson also has served as a professional planner on the staffs of
the Washington National Capital Planning Commission and the Regional Plan
Association of New York. His published writings have focused on planning
theory and history and most recently have examined planning activities of the
Tennessee Valley Authority and the development of the New York Metropolitan
Region. He has served on the editorial board of the Journal of the American
Planning Association and is the author of Planning the Great Metropolis,
Chapman & Hall, 1996. Dr. Johnson is active in international distance
education and is an advisor to the Global University. He was a member of the
planning design team for Tennessee's Bicentennial Mall at the State Capitol in
Nashville, dedicated in June 1996.

Takeshi Utsumi
GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association, U.S.A.
Global University System (GUS)

Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., is Chairman of the GLObal Systems Analysis and
Simulation Association in the USA (GLOSAS/USA) and President of the Global
(electronic) University (GU/USA) System (a divisional activity of GLOSAS/USA).
He is the 1994 Laureate of Lord Perry Award for the Excellence in Distance
Education. His public service has included political work for the
deregulation of global telecommunications and the use of e-mail through
ARPANET, Telenet and the Internet; working to extend American university
courses to the Third World; the conduct of innovative distance teaching trials
with "Global Lecture Hall(GLH)" multipoint-to-multipoint multimedia
interactive videoconferences using hybrid technologies; and lectures,
consultation and research in process control, management science, systems
science and engineering at the University of Michigan, the University of
Pennsylvania, M.I.T. and many universities, governmental agencies and large
firms in Japan and other countries.

Highlights among his more than 150 related scientific papers and books are
presentations at the Summer Computer Simulation Conferences (which he created
and named) and the Society for Computer Simulation International. He is a
member of various scientific and professional groups, including the Chemists
Club (New York, NY); Columbia University Seminar on Computers, Man and Society
(New York, NY); Fulbright Association (Washington, D.C.); International Center
for Integrative Studies (ICIS) (New York, NY); and the Society of Satellite
Professionals International (Washington, D.C.).

He received his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the Polytechnic University
in New York and his M.S.in Ch.E. from Montana State University, after studying
at the University of Nebraska under a Fulbright scholarship. His professional
experience in simulation and optimization of petrochemical and refinery
processes was gained at Mitsubishi Research Institute, Tokyo; Stone & Webster
Engineering Corp., Boston; Mobil Oil Corporation and Shell Chemical Company,
New York; and Asahi Chemical Industry, Inc., Tokyo.
* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA *
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) *
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education *
* Founder of CAADE *
* (Consortium for Affordable and Accessible Distance Education) *
* President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of *
* Global University System (GUS) *
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A. *
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Fax: 718-939-0656 (day time only--prefer email) *
* Email: utsumi@columbia.edu; Tax Exempt ID: 11-2999676 *
* http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/ *

Return to: Global University System Late 1999 Correspondence
Web page by Steve McCarty, World Association for Online Education President