<<November 14, 1999>>

Kimberly K. Obbink <kobbink@montana.edu>

Mr. Myron Nordquist <myron_nordquist@burns.senate.gov>

Dr. Thomas J. Keil <Thomas.Keil@asu.edu>

Dr. Andrey S. Narvsky <narvsky@astrive.com>

Jusri De Vries <jdevries@uiah.fi>

Dr. Tom P. Keenan <keenan@acs.ucalgary.ca>

Mr. Wilbert Le Melle <phelps@admin.con2.com>

Dr. Gilles Seguin <gilles.seguin@dfait-maeci.gc.ca>

Peter H. Lewis <lewis@nytimes.com>

Dear Kim:

(1)  I OCRed your excellent write-up  Proposed Projects for the Global
     University System" which you gave to me at our Strategic Mtg on Fund
     Raising at PAHO on 10/18th.  I then uploaded it to our InfoDev final
     report web site at

     As you see there, the detailed diagram of Native American communities in
     Montana is not quite readable -- particularly the ones with dark blue
     circles.  Pls re-draw this diagram with lighter color so that the
     letters in the circles can be readable.  Pls send it to me ASAP.

     BTW, Myron wanted to have the write-up, too.  Pls send him a copy, if
     you did not give it to him on 10/19th in D.C.

(2)  As mentioned to you in my previous msgs, Tom Keil will construct a web
     site for Heard Museum for Native Americans in Phoenix with 3D artifacts
     and fly-by of the sites where they were discovered, and zoom-in and -out
     of the museum rooms.

          This may be similar to the one Andrey Narvsky showed us (during
          our Tampere event) his web site for Hermitage Museum in St.

               Dear Andrey:

               Many thanks for your msg (ATTACHMENT I).  I enjoyed viewing
               your web sites.  However, I cannot locate a specific URL of
               the 3D of the glittering cathedral you showed to us.  Pls
               let me know the URL so that I can show it to other people,
               albeit it may take a while to download.

          Another example may be the one of Copan Museum in Honduras -- see
          <http://maya-archaeology.org/html/copanImageMenu.html>, and go to
          <http://maya-archaeology.org/vrhtml2/copanLRvrP.html> to see
          panorama with zoom in/out of the museum.

     Tom Keil also indicated me his strong interest to connect the Native
     American communities in Arizona with the ones in Montana.

(3)  During my attendance at the TeleLearning*NCE99 in Montreal last week, I
     met with Jusri.  I think you also met him at our Tampere event.

     Although he is now at the University of Art and Design - Helsinki, he is
     also a professor at the Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff, AZ.

     He told me in Montreal that there is a microwave (10 Mbps) network in
     Arizona connecting about 20 communities -- 10 of them are the Native
     American communities.

     He will check about it and inform me who is in charge of it.

(4)  During the Montreal conference, I also met with Tom Keenan of the
     University of Calgary -- first time to meet with him after many years of
     email correspondences.

     Tom told me that there is a museum for Native Canadians in Calgary which
     may be connected with Heard Museum, and also their communities in
     Calgary with the ones in Montana and Arizona, with the use of digital
     wireless and satellite broadband Internet.

     Dr. Gilles Seguin of DFAIT (whom I met at the Montreal conference) also
     indicated his strong interest in this project.

(5)  I would then propose you and others that we may need to have a mini
     workshop at your Burns Telecommunications Center at Montana State
     University in Bozeman to figure out the details of this project.

     Myron indicated me his strong agreement to have such a workshop, saying

     (a)  the fund pledged to you by Citibank is earmarked for international
          project -- as you indicated your project with the University of
          Philippines/Open University -- so that the fund may also be
          applicable for this U.S./Canadian project,

     (b)  the construction of the federal legislation budget will start in
          early next year so that we need to have the workshop as soon as
          possible to figure out necessary expenses,

     (c)  Myron will attend the workshop in Bozeman.

     This means that the workshop need to be held in this winter -- at
     probably below 40 degrees Fahrenheit!!  Well, that is quite all right
     with me, since I accustomed with it while I was shovelling coal for my
     research work at the same spot of your BTC almost 40 years ago!!

(6)  When you decide to have the workshop, pls let me know.

     As your write-up say, Montana would be an ideal  test-bed" location for
     our proposed delivery technologies.

          ATTACHMENT II mentions  Bozeman" and claims difficulty of using
          satellite approach with return/uploading via Plain Old Telephone
          Service (POTS).  However, our two-way broadband Internet approach
          would eliminate such a fear.

               I felt ashamed to read this article which picked our beloved
                Bozeman" and its surrounding areas as the example of  HAVE-NOT" town!!

     Looking forward to receiving your response soon,

Best, Tak
                          ATTACHMENT I

From: "Andrey Narvsky" <narvsky@astrive.com>
To: <utsumi@columbia.edu>
Subject: links in Russia
Date: Mon, 20 Sep 1999 10:46:36 +0400

Dear Tak,
my corporative Web site is www.lanck.ru (in Russian mostly) and
www.astrive.com (this one is in English, but it presents the software
development projects, not content projects).

You may see bilingual sites about St.Petersburg museums, developed by us

Best regards,
                         ATTACHMENT II

                            Excerpt from

          November 11, 1999

          Picking the Right Data Superhighway

          High-Bandwidth Web Access Is a Surfer's
          Dream, but Each Route Has Its Speed Bumps

          By PETER H. LEWIS

          AUSTIN, Tex. -- The key to happiness in
              the Internet age is bandwidth. Bandwidth,
          bandwidth, bandwidth. Fat pipes, capable of
          sucking down Web pages, music files, video
          clips, e-mail and other forms of digital
          information and entertainment from the
          Internet in the blink of an eye. A data
          spigot that is always open, without busy
          signals and without the kinds of delays and
          service interruptions that drive most
          computer users mad.

          Bandwidth -- a measure of the flow of
          information, in bits, that moves over a given
          distance in a period of time -- is the most
          important factor in the development of new
          types of services on the Internet, more so
          than increases in personal computer
          processing power or new types of Internet
          communications devices.

          Until recently, high-bandwidth connections to
          the Internet were available mainly to
          businesses and certain lucky people willing
          and able to pay hundreds or even thousands of
          dollars a month for so-called broadband
          Internet access. But with the development of
          cable modems, digital subscriber line
          (D.S.L.) modems and satellite data services,
          several million Americans now have access to
          high-speed, broadband data services.

          You can tell who they are by the smug looks
          on their faces. I know, because I see the
          face of a bandwidth glutton in the mirror
          each morning. I am rich in bandwidth,
          wallowing in a broadband trough.

          In recent months I have had the luxury of
          using not just one broadband connection in my
          home office but three: a cable modem, a
          D.S.L. modem and a satellite modem. I've been
          testing them to see which one to keep, a
          decision that sooner or later a lot of Net
          surfers are going to make.

          Now, only a small           ------------------
          percentage of Americans     Related Article
          live in the right           Most Are Stuck in
          geographic or service area  the Slow Lane
          to get any one of these     (November 11,
          services, and even fewer    1999)
          -- perhaps 1 percent,       ------------------
          according to market
          reseachers -- have a choice of two. But by
          the grace of whatever digital deities watch
          over the Internet, my house in Austin is in a
          rare sweet spot, where cable, D.S.L. and
          satellite coverage overlap. I also had
          I.S.D.N. (integrated services digital
          network, which essentially combines the
          capacity of two phone lines), but I had it
          ripped from my house when its cost and
          complexity far outstripped the modest speed
          improvements it offered over regular dial-up
          phone service.

          My files are downloaded in a snap. Web pages
          pop onto my screen. I do not think twice
          about downloading video clips or MP3 music
          files. Multiplayer network games and home
          videoconferences suddenly become practical.
          But the thing that changes everything is the
          fact that the Internet is always on, whenever
          I want it.

          My biggest nightmare is that I will wake up
          someday and have to connect to the Internet
          using -- the horror, the horror -- an
          old-fashioned dial-up 56K modem on a dial-up
          telephone line.

          Here is an example: Earlier this year, the
          movie trailer for "Star Wars: Episode I --
          The Phantom Menace" was made available for
          downloading from the Internet, but it was a
          25-megabyte file. The fastest conventional
          modems available today, at 56K, can download
          nearly 56,000 bits per second. There are 8
          bits in a byte, and, because of way binary
          numbers are counted, 1,048,576 bytes, or
          8,388,608 bits, in a megabyte and roughly 200
          million bits in a 25-megabyte file. In the
          time it takes to do the calculation of how
          long it would take a regular modem to
          download the file, it would already be done
          via a cable or D.S.L. modem.

          Alas, I cannot put all three broadband
          services on my expense account indefinitely,
          so I have to choose. Following is a
          discussion of the three broadband options,
          and what went into my decision.


          The black coaxial cable that carries cable
          television signals to tens of millions of
          households can also handle high-bandwidth
          data connections. Analysts expect cable to
          become the dominant method for high-speed
          Internet connections at home, in part because
          cable already passes by the majority of
          houses in the country. But older cable
          systems were designed to be only one-way,
          sending video to the home, so cable providers
          have to upgrade their systems to give them
          the two-way capabilities needed for Internet

          -------------------------- The top speed of a
          A cable modem provides     cable modem, at
          fast access to the         least in theory,
          Internet, until all the    is about 30
          neighbors hook up, too.    million bits per
          -------------------------- second (30 mbps),
                                     but a more
          realistic expectation is around 1 mbps. It
          can be a bit faster, but considering that
          most of us connect a cable modem to a 10-mbps
          Ethernet card, 30 mbps is a pipe dream.
          Uploading is somewhat slower, but that is
          usually not a problem for most home users.

          More important is that cable downloading can
          be even slower, depending on how many of your
          neighbors are also using the neighborhood
          cable pipe at the same time. It is a shared

          If you have the local cable line all to
          yourself, you can easily top 1 mbps. But if
          all of your neighbors have cable modems,
          things can slow down so much that you might
          actually yearn to have your dial-up modem
          back. If one of your cable-using neighbors
          starts running a Web server out of the home,
          you can imagine neighbors marching with
          torches and pitchforks. The two leading cable
          data services, Time Warner's Roadrunner and
          AT&T Cable's @Home, forbid residential
          customers to run Web server computers on the

          Remember, however, that the practical speed
          of any broadband network, no matter what its
          theoretical speed, is limited by the slowest
          link on the network. If you link to a popular
          site that is congested, or to an obscure site
          that may be attached to the Internet through
          the equivalent of a hand-cranked computer,
          your multimegabit broadband connection will
          slow down accordingly.

          My monthly cable data fee is $44.95 because I
          also subscribe to the cable company's
          standard (as opposed to basic) television
          services. If I were not already a cable
          television customer, I would have to become
          one to get the data services, taking my
          monthly cost to a minimum of about $65 a
          month. With my extra television channels, I'm
          now paying Time Warner $85 a month, which
          includes the rental of the cable modem.
          Adding e-mail addresses for family members
          costs $5 a month each. If I want to have a
          home page on the Web, it is $5 extra per

          There was a setup and installation charge of
          $130, but periodic promotional deals cut that
          price in half. It took several frustrating
          exchanges with the local company before
          technicians finally came to my house. Over
          all, the installation process was about what
          I had come to expect from my cable company: a
          logistical nightmare.

          Besides the Jekyll and Hyde speed issues that
          affect cable modems, a big drawback is that
          cable customers have no choice of Internet
          service providers. America Online and other
          popular I.S.P.'s are challenging the cable
          companies in court to open cable services to
          competition, but for now, it's either
          Roadrunner or @Home. Time Warner is my local
          cable company, and Roadrunner is the only
          choice I have for cable I.S.P. service.

          Another concern is data security. Because it
          is a shared network, any of your devious
          neighbors with the technical expertise to run
          a network sniffer can intercept data packets
          from your computer. That is highly unlikely,
          but it is a risk.

          Try this: Lie to your neighbors, telling them
          that hackers came in over your cable modem
          and wiped out your bank accounts. Mention
          that you have heard that D.S.L. service is
          more secure. Then you will have the cable
          network all to yourself.


          D.S.L., which stands for digital subscriber
          line, enables high-speed Internet connections
          to houses and small businesses over the same
          copper telephone lines that handle voice and
          fax calls. It does not interfere with voice
          traffic on the line, however, so one person
          can make or receive calls while another is
          using the same line to connect to the
          Internet. A big advantage, therefore, is that
          D.S.L. does not require the installation of a
          second phone line or cable service.

          -------------------------- Its big drawback
          D.S.L. does not require a  is that the
          second phone line or       service degrades
          cable, but the service     quickly as a
          degrades quickly with      function of
          distance.                  distance, so
          -------------------------- customers are
                                     limited to a
          geographic radius of about 3 miles from a
          telephone company's central office
          (technically, about 17,500 feet). The phone
          company first checks to see if your nearest
          central office offers digital service, then
          checks to see if you live close enough to it
          and finally checks the actual line to see if
          it can handle D.S.L. bandwidth. If everything
          checks out, the phone company will send out a
          crew to install a splitter, which splits
          voice and data traffic on the line. A
          splitterless form of the service is also in
          the works.

          There are many kinds of D.S.L. The most
          common for residential service is the
          asynchronous kind, A.D.S.L., or A.D.S.L Lite,
          which offers slightly lower data speeds. On
          an A.D.S.L. line, information is uploaded to
          the Internet at one speed, typically 128
          kilobits per second, but downloaded at much
          higher speeds, typically 384 kilobits per
          second (kbps) to 1.544 megabits per second

          The downloading speed is most important for
          most people, so it is fair to say that
          downloading with D.S.L. is anywhere from 7 to
          25 times as fast as with the fastest dial-up
          analog modems.

          Unlike cable modem users, who share a line,
          each D.S.L. subscriber has a dedicated line
          to the central office. Therefore, the speed
          is more constant and predictable.

          The top speed of a D.S.L. modem is basically
          determined by how much money you are willing
          to spend and how close you live to the
          central telephone office. I live 200 yards
          from a central office, and my basic D.S.L.
          service regularly achieves more than the
          minimum speed of 384 kbps downstream and
          often hovers near the 1.5 mbps maximum; it is
          128 kbps upstream.

          It costs about $70 a month, which includes
          the telephone company line charge of $39 a
          month, the fee of the Internet service
          provider, three e-mail addresses and other
          services for which the cable company charges

          I also paid $212 for a cable modem and a
          network adapter card. I leased the modem
          instead of buying one outright because I
          wanted to make sure it worked with the D.S.L.
          equipment at the phone company.

          My monthly fee is high compared with other
          D.S.L. offerings around the country. In
          general, you can expect to pay $30 to $50 a
          month for basic service.

          While D.S.L. cannot compete with cable in
          terms of speed during the day, when most of
          my neighbors are at their offices and I have
          the cable line mostly to myself, it is
          routinely faster than cable in the evenings,
          when my neighbors are sharing my cable pipe.

          I can increase my guaranteed D.S.L.
          performance to a minimum of 384 kbps upstream
          and 1.544 mbps downstream by paying $170 or
          more a month.

          The performance at this level is almost
          comparable with the speeds of T-1 lines,
          which many companies use to operate Web-based
          businesses. T-1 service typically costs
          $1,000 a month or more. Other forms of D.S.L.
          service can promise speeds up to 50 mbps, but
          at monthly prices that would probably exceed
          your mortgage payment.

          As with cable, my D.S.L. connection is always


          Satellite data service has so much promise,
          especially for people in areas not served by
          D.S.L. or cable. But satellite also has many

          The Web is an interactive medium, while
          satellite is intrinsically a one-way medium
          (most of us do not routinely communicate with
          satellites). To send mouse clicks and typed
          commands to the Internet, you have to have an
          open phone line in addition to the satellite

          Satellite service requires the installation
          of a receiver dish antenna, which is about
          the size of a garbage can lid and costs $200
          to $400. The dish has to have a clear line of
          sight to the satellite, which in the New York
          City area is typically in the southwestern

          The installation and alignment of the dish is
          not for technological sissies, and I highly
          recommend paying the extra $200 to $300 for
          professional installation. Once installed,
          moreover, the data signal can be knocked out
          of whack by high winds or bad weather.

          -------------------------- I signed up for
          Satellite service has      Hughes DirecPC
          much promise for           satellite data
          downloading data, but it   services as part
          also presents many         of a package with
          challenges.                Compaq Computer.
          -------------------------- Compaq, like many
                                     other PC makers,
          is trying to make it as easy as possible for
          its customers to be ready for broadband
          access. Besides the dish and installation
          cost, monthly satellite data service costs
          $30 to $130 a month, depending on how many
          hours you spend on line.

          The $30 plan is good for a measly 25 hours a
          month. The $130 plan allows up to 200 hours a
          month (versus unlimited time with cable or
          D.S.L. service).

          Satellite data services may someday be
          ubiquitous and reach speeds of 45 mbps, but
          for now the maximum speed is a relatively
          pokey 400 kbps.

          More users can mean slower speeds and,
          occasionally, busy signals when you're trying
          to connect with the local satellite I.S.P.

          So far, so bad. The guys who wired my
          satellite system were apparently receiving
          their orders directly from deep space.
          Despite my request that they mount the dish
          on the side of the house and not drill holes
          in my roof, I now have a dish bolted through
          my roof.

          Satellite is a swell choice for people who
          cannot get cable or D.S.L. service,
          especially people who live in remote areas.
          But a satellite broadband connection requires
          a phone line, and that can be a major problem
          if you live in Whitefish, Mont., and the
          nearest satellite I.S.P. is a long-distance
          call away in Bozeman.


          If you spend only a few minutes on line every
          day, switching to a broadband modem may not
          make much financial sense. But if you find
          yourself spending more time connected to the
          Internet each day and becoming more impatient
          with busy signals and the time spent waiting
          for pages to load, a broadband connection may
          be the solution.

          Satellite was scratched off my list first. If
          I lived in an area where satellite was my
          only choice, I could live with it. But since
          I have a choice, satellite isn't it.

          I'm still going to use an analog modem
          because it is impossible to take my cable
          modem and D.S.L. modem with me on trips.

          The choice, then, comes down to two
          contenders, cable and D.S.L. Either is vastly
          more satisfactory than a regular modem, and
          if I had no choice and had to take one or the
          other, I would still consider myself very
          fortunate, no matter which one I had. The
          speed is nice, but more than that, I have
          come to rely on the always-on connection.
          There are no busy signals, no delays in
          getting online, no screeching, beep-boop
          modem sounds and no interruptions if I stay
          idle longer than the service provider thinks
          is necessary.

          -------------------------- Despite cable's
          Bringing broadband         theoretical speed
          exhilaration to the        advantage, the
          plodding masses.           actual
          -------------------------- performances of
                                     cable and D.S.L.
          are comparable. Therefore, the determinants
          come down to price and, to a lesser extent,
          to security, the choice of I.S.P. and

          If I had to choose -- and economics dictate
          that I must -- I would keep D.S.L.
          Performance is steady and reliable. From the
          start, the phone company has been easier to
          deal with than my cable company, although
          both could improve their customer service

          Naturally, many people have drawn exactly the
          opposite conclusion. They found their local
          phone company impossible to deal with and had
          no trouble with cable. It all depends on the
          skills and temperament of the local service
          providers. The best tactic, as always, is to
          ask neighbors and friends who have local
          broadband access about their experiences.

          Peter H. Lewis at lewis@nytimes.com welcomes
          your comments and suggestions.
                      List of Distribution

Kimberly K. Obbink
Burns Telecommunications Center
128 EPS Building,
Montana State University
Bozeman, MT 59717-3860
Tel: +1-406-994 6550
Fax: +1-406-994 7856

Mr. Myron Nordquist
Legislative Counsel
U.S. Senator Conrad Burns' Office
187 Dirksen Senate Building
Washington, D.C. 20510-2603
Fax: 202-224-8594
Cell: 301-646-8153
804-924-7573 -- at the U. of VA.
Fax: 804-982-2622 -- at the U. of VA.

Dr. Thomas J. Keil
Dean, College of Arts and Sciences
Arizona State University West
4701 W. Thunderbird Rd.
Glendale, AZ 85306-4908
602-543-6150 (assistant)
Fax: 602-543-6032

Dr. Andrey S. Narvsky
Head of the Department of Multimedia and Distance Education
of St.Petersburg State Marine Technical University
General Director of Lanck Software Ltd.
3 Lotsmanskaya street
St.Petersburg, 190008
ph +7-812-325-8146
fax +7-812-157-2455
(The above two sites are bilingual about St.Petersburg museums, developed by
Andrey's group.)

Jusri De Vries, MFA, IDEC, EAIE
Coordinator, Distance Learning
Chairman, Distance Education Network
European Association for International Education
Department of Art Education
University of Art and Design - Helsinki
Hameentie 135 C
FIN-00560 Helsinki
Tel: +358 9 7563 0531
Fax: +358 9 7563 0250
Mob: +358 40 533 4204

Dr. Tom P. Keenan, I.S.P.
Professor and Dean
Faculty of Continuing Education
University of Calgary
2500 University Dr. NW
Calgary, AB T2N 1N4
(403) 220-5429
FAX: (403) BUG-EXIT = 284-3948

Mr. Wilbert Le Melle
Phelps-Stokes Fund
74 Trinity Place, Suite 1303
New York, NY 10006
Fax: 212-619-5108

Dr. Gilles Seguin
Senior Education Marketing Strategist
Education Marketing Unit (ACET)
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT)
125 Sussex Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0G2
(613) 992-6289
FAX (613) 995-3238

* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA                  *
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) *
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education  *
* Founder of CAADE                                                   *
* (Consortium for Affordable and Accessible Distance Education)      *
* President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of     *
*   Global University System (GUS)                                   *
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A.               *
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Fax: 718-939-0656 (day time only--prefer email) *
* Email: utsumi@columbia.edu;  Tax Exempt ID: 11-2999676             *
* http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/                                   *

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Web page by Steve McCarty, World Association for Online Education President