<<November 16, 2000>>
Archived distributions can be retrieved by clicking on the top lines of our home page at <http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/>.

Shahab Khan <Afroz@khi.compol.com>

Peter T. Knight, Ph.D. <ptknight@attglobal.net>

Arif Khan <akhan@planwel.edu>

Naveed Malik <solutions@nexlinx.net.pk>

Asim Iftikhar <a.iftikhar@lhr.aasc.com.pk>

Dear Shahab and Peter:

(1) Many thanks for your msgs (ATTACHMENT I, II and III).

(2) It is my great pleasure to know that Peter is now assisting the
Government of Pakistan for the creation of a virtual university with you.

Dear Shahab:

(3) Peter is one of our GLOSAS/USA board members so that I am sure that he
can support you well.

(4) Japanese government's bureaucratic procedures take a long time.

(5) Referring to your press release in ATTACHMENT II, you have already 45
Mbps Internet-2 in your country. Big congratulations!!

(6) Last night, at a seminar at Columbia University, we had a great
privilege and honor to have Ambassador Ahmed Kamal as a speaker.

As you may know, he is Senior Fellow of the UN Institute of Training and
Research and formerly Ambassador and Permanent Representative of
Pakistan to the UN; Chair, Working Group on Informatics, and other top
elective UN posts, and Vice President of the General Assembly and
President of the Economic and Social Council, Chairman of the
Consultations on the Role of NGOs at the United Nations, Chairman of the
Working Group on Informatics, and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of
the United Nations Institute of Training and Research. He was the chief
negotiator of Pakistan in the Uruguay Round negotiations which led to
the establishment of the World Trade Organization. He continues to be a
Member of the United Nations Advisory Committee on Administrative and
Budgetary Questions.

He is the author of important publications on disarmament, management,
multilateralism, global economic issues, and on technical aspects of
informatics and information technology, and is an Honorary Visiting
Professor at six universities in the United States.

(7) His speech was fantastic with ample knowledge of information
technologies, in spite of his diplomatic background. You should mightly
proud of having him at the such prominent positions at the United Nations.

(8) At the end of the seminar, I handed him following materials;



BTW, he already knew about them.

(c) Hard copy of my paper on Global University System" for The 14th
Annual Conference of The Asian Association of Open Universities at
The University of Philippines/Open University Manila, Philippines, 25-27 October 2000.

I ear-marked its ANNEX VII: Global University System in Pakistan
which was prepared by you after our Tampere event about a year ago. http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/Manila%20Workshop/GUS_Paper/Manila_conf_10-00/GUS_Paper_Manila_conf.html

(d) Some materials about our Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF) which
were prepared by Peter Knight. http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/Global_University/Global%20University%20System/Reference_web_sites.html

He promised me to have his staff call me on our projects.

(9) In conjunction with Peter's feasibility study and Ambassador Kamal's
interest in our projects, I would strongly suggest that you start
preparing to have a workshop soon in Pakistan -- see our Filipinos'
progress reported in my last list distribution at;

GUS/Philippines coalition formed in Manila, 10/25-31/00 - November 15, 2000" at


Best, Tak

From: "shahab khan" <afroz@planwel.edu>
To: "Tak Utsumi" <utsumi@friends-partners.org>
Date: Wed, 8 Nov 2000 08:53:51 +0500

Dear Prof Tak

Earlier I had brought to your attention the strong interest of the Govt of
Pakistan for establishing a VU in Pakistan.

Yesterday , I was visited by Mr. Peter T. Knight, along with two other
Pakistanis , who have been comissioned by the Goverment of Pakistan to
prerpare a feasiblity report for the VU under a UNDP contract.

It was a pleasant suprise to meet Mr. Peter Knight ,in my office, with whom I
am very familar from the listservce mails and his work for the GSTF. The team
wanted to get our support and input and also learn in what way, PLANWEL can
contribute towards the VU project.

I informed the team , about PLANWEL mission and contribution and particularly
our association with the GUS and being their Hub for the Pakistan sub -region.

Since Mr. Peter Knight is the lead International Consultant , I think it would
be appropiate and an excellent oppurtunity to introduce the GUS at the
planning stage. Since , PLANWEL is already mobilized , we can start working on
this right away.

You may like to see more deatils about the Terms of reference and other
aspects of the project at Mr. Knights homepage www.knight-moore.com.

I am writing seperatley to Mr. Knight on this and shall apprecaite if you can
also write to Mr. Peter Knight to support , PLANWEL and the GUS in Pakistan.
and get us also involved in the feasibility team

I have still not heard anything from the Japanese Embassy on our application
for GRASS ROOT FUNDS. I wonder if they are considering it. I do not know if
this could be found out .Shall apprecaite your kind assistance.

The Minister for Science and Technology just announced on TV that the Japenese
govermnet is assisting Pakistan and has provided funds for Software
Enginnering , training of Software personnels etc. and for Bussiness Incubator
at Tokyo. The HItachi Corporation is involved.

I shall me much obliged and delighted ,for your kind assistance and
recommending PLANWEL to the Hitachi copporation(or others) and address of
contact person so that we may work towards having a JV arrangements.

I have not heard form Paul Lefere of the Open University, UK on the Sheffield
Conference in March , 2001. We are very keen to attend conference and have an
opportunity to meet with you face to face.

Kind regards

Shahab Khan, Director

From: "shahab khan" <afroz@planwel.edu>
To: <ptknight@attglobal.net>, <peter@knight-moore.com>,
Cc: "Arif Khan" <akhan@planwel.edu>, "Tak" <utsumi@columbia.edu>
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 20:16:29 +0500

Hello Peter

It was indeed a pleasure to meet you in Pakistan.

As you know that PLANWEL is working with Tak on the Global University System
for a very long time and I have seen the wondeful work done by you on the
GSTF. I had infact informed Tak and about the VU project in July this year and
believe you might have read it in the listserve

I believe the VU initiative in Pakistan is an excellent and timely idea and
with persons like you leading the team, Pakistan should expect joining the
Global Society as visioned by Tak and making it prepared for obtaining the
GSTF for Pakistan.

I would look forwad to working with you closely on ths project and others that
they may come along. You will find attached a press report on the H323 Mega
conference, which I mentioned to you in my office. I am copying this mail to
Mr. Arif Khan, from whom you can obtain more deatils, if you like


Planwel University Press



A-1, L.C.H.S., Block-20,
PH: (92-21)811-5094, (92-21)811-5851
FAX: (92-21)811-6178

Pakistani Honored at the Internet-2 Megaconference-2 - Break Through in H.323
Video Conferencing

On October 30-31, 2000, the largest ever Internet-2 (next Generation Internet)
H.323 Internet Video event was held in conjunction with the Fall Internet 2
Members meeting in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Over 200 participating universities,
research institutions and networking organizations from continental
Antarctica, America's, Europe, Asia, Australia joined together by a network of
multipoint control units MCU), for a massive 3 day demonstration of what H.323
video conferencing can do over Internet 2. This event was simultaneously
broadcasted on the Internet throughout the world via streaming video so that
everyone everywhere could watch it.

In this multipoint video conferencing session, MegaConference II
http://www.mega-net.net/megaconference/about.htm used Internet
videoconferencing technology to connect over 200 sites around the world for
the world's first totally virtual conference track. Internet-2 Member Meeting
participants attended the virtual track exactly like other parallel tracks,
with the only difference being that all speakers, panelists and chairs joined
the meeting from around the world. In addition, a large virtual audience was
present and joined the in-person audience in the meeting room in Atlanta. The
entire track, including breaks between formal sessions was totally interactive
so that audience members anywhere in the world could ask questions of any
speaker. The presenters presented their organizations and what they are doing
with H.323 technology, its uses and applications for Distance Learning,
Telemedicine, E-commerce, Digital Libraries, etc, and what a Technology Based
Community" would look like.

The conference marked the break through in H.323 video conferencing and the
honor is for Mr. Arif Khan a highly decorated professional. Mr. Arif Khan a
recipient of US National Interest award, currently holds two offices one with
the Ohio Super Computers (OARnet - Office of Academic Research), Columbus,
Ohio, USA; the heart of Internet 2 and supercomputing (the largest Academic
and Research Network in the world), and as Director International Operations
for Planwel University, Karachi Pakistan ( http://www.planwel.edu/ ).

Mr. Arif Khan has been instrumental in introducing Pakistan to the high end
research networking, through his research on the concept of Technology Based
Communities" using Broad Band and Internet-2, which itself is an exciting new
avenue for H.323 video conferencing and its application. This Megaconference
has proved that now it is possible to communicate and reach out to the
underprivileged and underserved communities around the world and bring
socio-economic changes using this affordable Internet-2 technology as
proposed by Mr. Arif Khan.

Now it has opened doors for researchers in Pakistan, through Planwel
University to conduct joint research on various topics, with Research
Universities around the world using this Next Generation Internet-2 Technology.


Shahab Khan, Director

Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2000 09:51:32 +0500
From: "Peter T. Knight" <ptknight@attglobal.net>
Organization: Knight, Moore Telematics/CDI
To: shahab khan <afroz@planwel.edu>
CC: peter@knight-moore.com, ptknight@netscape.net,
Arif Khan <akhan@planwel.edu>, Tak <utsumi@columbia.edu>,
Naveed Malik <solutions@nexlinx.net.pk>,
Asim Iftikhar <a.iftikhar@lhr.aasc.com.pk>

Thanks, Shahab.

I am indeed working closely with Tak, with a strong emphasis on GSTF, which I
believe has great importance not only for the Global University System, but
for all major bandwidth-intensive education and health projects in developing
countries. It can be important for E-W, N-S, and S-S collaboration of all
kinds in these fields.

Therefore of course there is a chance that the South Institute of Information
Technology (the international ramification of the VITU initiative) could
benefit from it, particularly given the progressive telecom policy being
implemented by Pakistan.

It was my idea to add policy conditionality to the GSTF proposal, to provide a
carrot to better policies in the telecom, education, and health spheres --
thereby encouraging greater donor interest as well -- they resources will not
go to countries with terrible policies in these areas, but the conditionality
will be established by a participatory process involving all major stakeholders.

I believe Dr. Naveed Malik has written to you to request some further
information which could further our collaboration.

Please remember this is a feasibility study, not an implementation study. More
work will be necessary. Importantly, the Government of Pakistan seems to be
very keen on the project.

With best regards,




Telecommunications, information & computer company technologies in the modern
global economy offers a spectrum of a new dawn of opportunities. The change in
technologies is fast and the new breed of multimedia, Internet and
info-technology tools for achieving higher awareness, efficiency and
productivity. IT and Internet growth today is an area which is one of the item
rightly at the top of our national agenda. The expansion of Internet,
establishment of community Internet cafes, cyber-shops call centers etc. is
being promoted as part of forward-looking information technology program. It
is our goal to gradually universalize Internet access to almost every
Pakistani citizen. We foresee very fast Internet growth over years to come,
which will add to our prosperity. In fact an info-based society in Pakistan is
already in the making.

The microelectronic & IP technologies have revolutionized it & telecom sectors
through the development of high power, yet small in size computers that today
are integral part of telecommunication networks. In line with new
international trends and in the light of government policies PTCL has embarked
upon IT & Telecom infrastructure expansion program taking both short &
long-term view. Some features of new are plans are given below:

* Introductions of large scale Internet promotion initiatives.
* Strengthen and enhance domestic data backbone (current bandwidth
capacity of over 500 MB0.
* New national fiber optic was commissioned in 1999 (SDH Broad Band 622
MB) which is now fully operational is being utilized.
* Increase fibers optic coverage from 100 to 200 cities by June 2001 and
further enhance connectivity to 400 cities to 2003.
* Add digital cross connect (DXX) networks nodes to expand from 35 to 50
cities by Dec 2000 (all major district towns) and further improve domestic
bandwidth for universal internet coverage and ISP (POP`s).
* Digital connectivity extended to Quetta and other cities in June 2000
where Internet will now fast expand. Now Internet to be made available in at
least 6 cities of the province.
* Commissioning of SEA-ME-WE-3- Submarine fiber cable in October 1999 and
tapping of other resources for international bandwidth. Now enough bandwidth
is available for IT and software development.
* Fiber optic and satellite systems are main bandwidth resources, which
are being expanded to cope with new IT & Internet needs.
* current bandwidth consumption :

I. About 40 MB (using satellite & submarine cable) already in use.
II. Asymmetric (simplex) bandwidths 45 MB currently in use and may increase
about to 200 MB by 2000.
III. Additional bandwidth till December 2000 40 MB ( total 120 MB both on
satellite and fiber cable )
IV. Bandwidth forecast by 2003 = 600 MB

* Initiatives for invitation of proposals for private sector partnerships
for new satellites Earth Situations and fiber cables to enhance bandwidths
capacity and further reduce costs (on the anvil).
* Policy initiatives taken to introduce new portfolios for bandwidth
services. Rates were recently reduced by another 53% further reduction is
expected by Sept.. 2000.
* Invitation of major international players for new under SEA Fiber optic
and terrestrial mega projects (like oxygen/flag etc.) is on the anvil.
* new portfolio of multimedia & IT services to be taken (by Dec 2000 )
* 100% digitalization of PTCL networks (June 2002) which will be a major
break for universal coverage.
* Tele-house, VIP and call center application partnerships are on the
anvil and such new business to be started within this year.
* Universal Internet coverage plan (2000-2002).

* Phase-1 over 250 cities October 2000.
* Phase-2 June 2001.
* Phase-3 December 2002.

PTCL as good cooperate citizen is making contributions to cover following
areas for promotion of Internet and education:
* Free connectivity to universities and institutions by installing radio
link & local loop etc.
* Cooperative effort partnership between PTCL & ISP are to promote
it/internet connectivity to universities & educational institutions.
* Confessional rates for fast track it & software development.
* launched new portfolio of bandwidth services with much lower rates for
internet, it, software through new telecom services such as:

* Half circuit regime.
* Full circuit regime.
* Full IP port connectivity.
* Shared bandwidth service.
* Pakistan Internet exchange (pix).
* Invite partners to sing it promotion MOU`S & partnerships DSL, ADSL
other new technology.

PTCL fully realizes the importance of it, digital technologies fuelled by
microelectronics which are at the heart of convergence of broadcasting,
communications, multimedia, and the spin off services that are multiplying
rapidly. We visualize that the switch of tomorrow in the telecom exchanges
would infect be a highly sophisticated miniaturized computer dedicated to meet
the specific needs of each subscribers to provide a host of it and telecom
services on demand. the results of these developments are the emergence of
seamless global multi-capability telecom infrastructure encompassing it.
Internet transmission mediums of submarine cables, micro wave & communication
satellites. The capacity of the submarine cables that are in offing will run
into tera bites these will constitute the backbone of info-super-highways that
are extrinsic to the information technology. at the heart of this development
would be the internet access globally to the largest segment of the world
population. Obesity there fore the Internet service would be the biggest user
of the high budget capacity that is being created by changing the approach
towards technology we would move in the right direction. Pakistan has rightly
placed it, Internet & telecom at the top of economic agenda. PTCL is fully
committed to & making every effort to cope with the challenges of changing
time by improving its infrastructure at outline above.

Local call Access to Internet:
Universal Internet Access number connection from all locations in Pakistan

Salman Ansari

The initiative of making Internet access available to all citizens regardless
of where they are is of prime importance to the development of the economy and
education in Pakistan. This is also necessary for the alleviation of the sense
of deprivation in the lesser-served areas of Pakistan. This initiative is
being aggressively pursued by the Minister of S&T as can be seen by the
reduction in bandwidth charges, permission to operate Internet on Cable TV,
establishment of International bandwidth private sector gateways in
collaboration with the PTCL, etc.

In order to move things along even faster and to help bridge the growing
"digital divide" between the more privileged urban areas as opposed to the
sub-urban and rural areas, a multi-pronged approach has been adopted. This
covers the access to the Internet and a merging of this initiative with the
work being done by other Ministries to create synergies to get optimal results
in a short time.

It is often felt that an extraordinary emphasis is being given to the Internet
(all over the world and in Pakistan). The fear is that this may be building
castles in the sand as Internet only is an IT function. Nothing could be
further from reality. The Internet is an enabler for a large number of
economic, social, administrative and educational activities, as the details in
this document will show. The following elaboration shows how effectively
Internet can be made into an "appropriate technology" for development by
seeing the wide array of every day applications, which help the common man,
and in stimulating the economy.

The PTCL has really risen to the occasion and has completed the study in a
very short time and has already started the enabling activity. This is a very
good example of how a Government owned monopoly could be rapidly mobilized for
the good of the Nation!

To do this, different steps are being taken to enable Internet are:

1. Access to the Internet from the remotest location is being made possible
at the cost of a local call regardless of the location of the city or town
2. To make Internet work in the far reaches of Pakistan, Urdu and local
language software development projects are being initiated. This will
make sure that the lack of the English language does not impair the core
functionality of what Internet is enabling.
3. The distance learning projects will extensively use the Internet as a
delivery and interactive tool.
4. A comprehensive Public-Private project for making computers available in
different locations has started.
5. A dramatic change of syllabus and testing has been agreed upon between
the Ministry of Education and Ministry of S&T for the F.Sc syllabus and testing.

Access to the Internet:

1. To ensure that all locations currently covered by the PTCL Network will
be able to access the Internet on the same basis throughout Pakistan,
the PTCL is reprogramming its Exchanges to enable long distance calls to
the Internet, to become single-metered, local calls. This will be
regardless of the location of the user.
2. The mechanism would be to route all these calls which are from a
location without any ISPs, to the nearest location where there are some
ISPs operating.
3. Initially, in order not to disturb the network (which has been put up
for voice communications and is dimensioned differently) a limited
number of lines will be allocated for this purpose. A concurrent
monitoring of these Long distance circuits will be done to see if any
congestion occurs. Appropriate steps would then be taken to make
Internet access problem free.
4. From a long term perspective, in order to encourage the growth of these
areas and make it economically feasible for local business communities
to set up local ISPs, leased line charges to these remote locations
will be drastically reduced.
5. Simultaneously, the PTCL is setting up Access Servers in different
Transit Exchanges to enable the easy development of ISP PoPs in
different parts of Pakistan.

Using the Internet:

1. The Urdu language software development is being dovetailed into the
process to make this really effective.
2. The Urdu code plate is up for final approval by the Cabinet. The
Ministry of S&T will initiate a series of software development
competitions (with substantial prizes) to get "open source" Urdu
software developed. This Urdu software will use the code plate as the
basis and will be for plug-ins for popular e-mail programs (Netscape,
Outlook, Explorer) and Office programs (MS Office and Star Office).
3. This software development for Urdu will be merged into a program for
regional language plug-ins (Pushto, Sindhi, Balochi) so that the use of
computers would not be hindered in any location. This is foreseen to be
done in tandem with the formation of IT Boards in each Region, on the
pattern of the Punjab IT Board.

Education via the Internet:

1. In order to make Distance Learning a reality the delivery means of
electronic materials are very important. This local call access to the
Internet provides (the initial part) for this and merges in with the
initiative of the Virtual University being put in place.

Availability of Computers;

2. Three initiatives are being put in place in order to ensure that PCs are
available in the locations where Internet is to be delivered:

3. 10,000 Computers' from Expatriate Pakistanis - proposal: In this, a
Trust is being set up to facilitate the induction and distribution of
PCs proposed to be sent by Pakistanis for Schools and other Educational
institutions in Pakistan. This is one a few of the initiatives of the
Pakistani community to ensure that not only are the computers available
but also the training, networking and software as well.
4. Internet Community Centers: which will enable an easy access to
computers as well as Internet, in centers of gravity of Population (in
all requisite areas of Pakistan (urban or rural)
5. Cable TV operators to be able to carry Internet: This is potentially the
most potent of all the actions and will pan out over the next 2-3 years.
This will enable access to be made available to people who do not even
have telephones, whereby supplementing the access availability by the
PTCL telephone network.

Change of Syllabus:

After a lapse of 16 years the syllabus has been changed to that it
state-of-the-art. The Education Ministry has played a bold and decisive step
in revamping and introducing this to begin this year in September. A mass
teacher training program is underway and the new text book will be available next month.

Results foreseen from these actions:

In a very short time Pakistan will be illuminated' with Internet Access from
all locations where Telephone lines exist. This will make Pakistan the first
country in the World where this has been done. Apart from doing tremendous
good, it has considerable value towards enhancing our image internationally.

1. The Virtual University and distance learning programs can be launched in a short time
2. The development of Urdu and regional language software will get the
needed fillip and definition of a real need. This will enable the
remotest of locations to access the foreseen NADRA databases.
3. Help stimulate demand in remote locations for Data (Agriculture,
Business and social needs). This will provide the impetus for local
parties to invest in and set up local Points of Presence of Internet and
community Internet centers which will be used for spreading computer
literacy and education apart from providing Internet communications.
4. It enables the government to announce its resolve of making sure that
the Local Bodies' elections are being supported fully by making sure
that the tools of modern communications' technologies are available to
the remotest location.
5. Discussions are being started with the cellular companies to facilitate
their participation in this process to cover the dark spots not in the
coverage of the PTCL landline network.
6. The possibility of involving the Micro-credit scheme in getting people
to purchase computers in the remote areas and function as learning
centers, e-mail delivery service, fax on IP delivery service, etc.
having PCs at the Airport, Railway stations, Kiosks in Public places.
These could be PTCL driven or only the lines come from the PTCL and
these could be franchised out to provide employment to the private sector.
7. The Post Offices set up at least one computer with printer and telephone
line in each of these remote locations. This could be the PO property
and open only during the working hours or be accessible for a longer
period if this is running as a franchise.

Time Target:

The process of defining the database in the software in the different
exchanges has begun and the complete exercise for phase 1 (250 locations) will
be completed in the next 2 months and a total of 400 locations will be
available by June 2001.

At that time (starting now, in a phased manner), all locations in Pakistan
will be able to access Internet at a cost of a local call.
List of Distribution

Shahab Khan
Planwel University
Planwel Institute of Science and Technology (PLANWEL)
A-1, L.C.H.S
Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Block-20
Karachi. 75290, Pakistan
Tel: 011-92-21-811-5851
Fax: 011-92-21-811-6178

Peter T. Knight, Ph.D.
Board member of GLOSAS/USA
Knight, Moore - Telematics for Education and Development
Communications Development Incorporated (CDI)
Strategy, Policy, Design, Implementation, Evaluation
1808 I Street, NW, 7th Floor
Washington, DC 20006, USA
Tel: 1-202-775-2132 (secretary), 1-202-721-0348 (direct)
Fax: 1-202-775-2135 (office), 1-202-362-8482 (home)
Cel: 1-202-255-7215
IP for CU-SeeMe:
webmail: ptknight@netscape.net
http://www.knight-moore.com/partners/partnerindex.htm -- bio
http://www.knight-moore.com/projects/GSTF.html -- about GSTF
* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA *
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) *
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education *
* Founder of CAADE *
* (Consortium for Affordable and Accessible Distance Education) *
* President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of *
* Global University System (GUS) *
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A. *
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Fax: 718-939-0656 (day time only--prefer email) *
* Email: utsumi@columbia.edu; Tax Exempt ID: 11-2999676 *
* http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/ *

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