<<June 17, 2000>>

Mr. Jim Miller <jimmsl@aol.com>

Tracy Cohen <tcohen@iafrica.com>

Reuben Abraham <ra319@columbia.edu>

Bruce P. Chadwick <bchadwick@mindspring.com>

Roger Lee Boston <rboston@tenet.edu>

Marty Hoffert <marty.hoffert@nyu.edu>

Mr. Charles and Judy Fox <worldcitizentv@worldnet.att.net>

John Senyo C. Afele <jafele@plant.uoguelph.ca>

Lauri Fitz-Pegado <lauri_fitzpegado@iridium.com>

John L. Mack <jlmack@erols.com>

Professor Seth G. Neugroschl <SN23@cunixf.cc.columbia.edu>

Craig Smith <csmith@digitalpartners.org>

Peter T. Knight <ptknight@attglobal.net>

John Studach <jstudac@american.edu>

Gregory S. Prince <gprince@helios.hampshire.edu>

Alice M. Dear <Amdear@aol.com>

John Mark <jmark@castleharman.com>

Marlee R. Norton <mnorton@ntca.org>

Carol <HELPDESK@ntca.org>

Dr. David A. Johnson <daj@utk.edu>

Anton Keller <swissbit@solami.com>

Dear Electronic Colleagues:


(1) ATTACHMENT I is about our workshop on "Rescue Iridium."

(2) ATTACHMENT II is the list of our previous listserve distributions on "Rescue Iridium" project.


(3) ATTACHMENT III is the List of Possible Attendees.

Should you wish to attend the workshop, pls inform me at your earliest convenience.

Dear Jim:

(4) Many thanks for your msg (ATTACHMENT IV).

We are not sure to have anyone from Iridium or Motorola yet.

Dear Tracy:


Sorry you cannot attend the workshop.

Dear Reuben:


Look forward to meeting with you at the workshop.

Dear Bruce:


Many thanks for your msg.

During our Manaus workshop a few weeks ago, some Native Amazonian
indicated their desire to have inexpensive telecom means. If Jim
Miller's and John Mack's ideas will work and Roger Boston can finance
some experimental units, they may be applicable to those Amazonians.
Since your organization is active with Brazilian issues, you may be
interested in this new technology.

Look forward to meeting with you at the workshop.

Dear Mr. Fox:


Many thanks for your msg.

It will be our great honor to have you at our workshop.

BTW, I once greatly appreciated to have your videotaped greeting for our
"Global Lecture Hall (GLH)" multipoint-to-multipoint, multimedia,
interactive videoconferencing in October of 1995 -- which was kindly
arranged by Mr. Mr. Michael L. Braxton, Africa Director of your WORLDNET
Television Film Service at that time.

If John Afele of the University of Guelph attends, he will describe
his new initiative to create a Global University System for Africa --
starting from his country, Ghana. I was invited to his university to
discuss this matter last week.

Dear John Afele:


Many thanks for your msg and info.

As mentioned during my visit, pls attend this workshop as much as possible.

Dear John Mack:


Many thanks for your msg.

I am sure that everybody knows the bankruptcy of Iridium so that Ms.
Fitz-Pegado is no longer with them.

Our project is for humanitarian purpose with education and healthcare
which transcends all social protocols, particularly with the use of
Internet, whose unique feature is to crumble down all kind of barriers
for the betterment of human life.

(11) Main and first purpose of our workshop is to verify the technical
validity of your idea (ATTACHMENT XXVIII) in conjunction with Jim
Miller's (ATTACHMENT XXVII). If it is valid, we will then talk about
its economical validity. If both work, we will then talk about the
necessity of approaching Iridium.

Dear Ms. Fitz-Pegado:

(12) Pls feel free to attend our workshop, if you have time.

Jim's and John's ideas are a reminiscent of my experience engaged with a
project of using ATS-1 satellite over the Pacific almost a quarter
century ago. Therefore, I feel some technical validity of their ideas
and hence my motivation for this "Rescue Iridium" project.

At that time, Chichibu Cement Co. in Tokyo was using a transceiver
to connect its headquarters in Tokyo with its plant in a
mountainous location about 100 miles away by an analog microwave
videoconferencing -- one of the world first trials.

Chichibu Cement was also one of the world first to install a
computer process control unit made by TRW -- the process
control was my profession while I worked for Stone & Webster
Engineering Co. in Boston which designed the world first nuclear power plant.

Since NASA transferred the control of the ATS-1 to Nippon Telegram
and Telephone (NTT) research lab in Musashino city nearby Tokyo
due to its drifting westward, and since it used the same
frequency as that of Chichibu's, Chichibu was order by the Japanese
Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) to abandon the
transceiver. I then arranged its transfer to Tokyo Electro-Communications University.

The university then sent input to software in a computer at
the University of Hawaii via very slow Telex. Prof. Norman
Abramson (who originated data communication via satellite) then
sent the output to the transceiver at the Tokyo Electro-Communications

University via the ATS-1 with a Yagi antenna.

Dear Seth:

(13) Pls note the above.

Dear John Studach:


Yes, pls attend the workshop.

Dear President Prince:


It will be our great honor to have you at our workshop.

Dear Alice:


You are certainly welcome at our workshop.

I requested John Afele of the University of Guelph to attend this
workshop. He invited me to his university on 6/15th and 16th for our
discussion on his initiating to create a Global University System for
Africa -- starting from his country, Ghana.

You may hear from John on this very exciting project, and the possible
deployment of experimental units in Ghana which Roger Boston may finance -- see below.

Dear David:


Many thanks for your msg -- welcome back to your home -- wishing your speedy recovery!!

Dear John Mack:

I tried to get in touch with your friend at Markle Foundation, but in vain.

Dear Seth:

You once brought the president of Markle Foundation to your monthly
seminar. Would you kindly introduce our project to him so that we can visit them?

Dear Anton:

(18) Many thanks for your phone call from Geneva, Switzerland.

I visited your web site (ATTACHMENT XXIX) with great interest.

Your activities seem very similar to our Global University System (GUS)
project and Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF). The broadband wireless
and satellite Internet private virtual network is to be established for
GUS with GSTF. Pls visit relevant web sites in ATTACHMENT XXX.

Looking forward to meeting with you at the workshop.


Dear Jim:


We will try to have NetMeeting for you to speak on your idea (ATTACHMENT XXVII).

If it does not work, and if you have any diagram of your idea, pls fax
it to Ms. Norton and Peter Knight so that we may be able to make its
transparency for overhead projector.


As mentioned above, we firstly verify the technology, then economic
feasibility -- subsequently, it is too early to estimate the usage rate.

Our Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF) team advocates the free Internet
access around the world. Hence, $1 to $1.50 per minute on Iridium would
be all right for commercial use, but not applicable for our humanitarian


Look forward to hearing about the Castle Harlan's info.

Dear Roger:


Many thanks for your 8x8 and a speaker phone.

I will call you tomorrow to test it tomorrow evening.

I will try to make NetMeeting with Peter Knight. If it does not work,
we will try 8x8.


Many thanks for your willingness to seek funds for experimental units
for uplinking (of Jim Miller's idea -- ATTACHMENT XXVII) -- we may ask
financing the units for downlinking (of John Mack's idea -- ATTACHMENT
XXVIII) from the WorldSpace from WorldSpace Foundation.


Many, many thanks for your detailed instructions.

Dear Peter:


We can work out with Roger Boston with the use of his 8x8, but we may
need to rely on your NetMeeting for video of Jim Miller while connecting
with him on analog telephone line.

Dear Marlee and Carol:


Many thanks for your msg.

If you can access web, your line should be able to do NetMeeting.

If it does not work, we use our backup system with 8x8 through POTS, and
telephone conversation with Jim Miller in Seattle.

Thank you very much for your cooperation.


Dear Marty:


Many thanks for your very interesting write-up -- I could open your PDF file.

I will bring your idea to the attendees.

Dear Craig:


Pls catch up with the current status of Iridium as browsing
correspondences appeared in attachments in our previous listserve
distributions which you can find in ATTACHMENT II.

Dear Peter:

(25) Many thanks for your msg (ATTACHMENT XIII) with info (ATTACHMENT XIV).

This is very interesting project -- though I cannot figure out how it
will work -- see ATTACHMENT XVIII, too.

Dear Everybody:

(26) Looking forward to meeting with you at the workshop.

Best, Tak

Workshop on "Rescue Iridium"

1. Date: June 20 (Tuesday), 2000

2. Time: from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm

3. Location: National Telephone Cooperative Association
4121 Wilson Boulevard, 10th Floor
Arlington, VA. 22203
Tel: 703-351-2007
Fax: 703-351-2027
(across the street from Ballston Mall and 2 blocks from
Ballston Metro Station)

4. Agenda:

a. Brief description on Global University System project

Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D. (confirmed)
V.P. for Technology and Coordination
Global University System

b. Brief description on Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF) project

Peter T. Knight, Ph.D. (confirmed)
Knight, Moore
Joseph N. Pelton
George Washington University

c. Possible use of Iridium for narrow-band Internet uplinking

Jim Miller (not confirmed yet)
Synectics, Ltd.

d. Possible use of WorldSpace satellite for broadband downlinking

John Mack (confirmed)
John L. Mack & Associates

e. Brainstorming on technicalities for the Internet use of Iridium

f. Brainstorming on legalities

g. Brainstorming on fund raising

h. Brainstorming on next step.

5. Purpose:

To brainstorm the feasibility of utilizing Iridium for Internet access,
as inexpensively uplinking to it (as Jim Miller proposed -- ATTACHMENT
XXVII) and then utilizing Worldspace satellite for broadband downlinking
(as John Mack proposed -- ATTACHMENT XXVIII).

In relation to the Castle Harlan's activity, our discussion will focus
on how we can utilize their excess capacity for the use of our Internet access.

6. Available equipment:

a. Conference room with 80 to 100 seating,

b. Overhead projector,

c. PC to access web via T1 (1.5 Mbps) line and a projector,

d. Flip chart.

7. Should you wish to attend this workshop, pls send me your full name,
affiliation, phone/fax and email address at your earliest convenience.

List of listserve distributions about "Rescue Iridium" project
<http://www.friends-partners.org/~utsumi/gu-l/mid-2000/index.html> and


1. "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th - June 12, 2000

2. "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th - June 7, 2000

3. "Rescue Iridium" workshop and GSTF project - May 24, 2000

4. JICA seminar & Japan's digital divide plan for July Okinawa Summit - May 24, 2000

5. UNESCO connections - May 23, 2000

6. Workshop on "Rescue Iridium" project - May 18, 2000

7. Inquiry on the date of workshop for "Rescue Iridium" project - May 12, 2000

8. $2+ billion fund for Education by the World Bank - May 3, 2000,

9. Rescue of Iridium's 66 satellites at $5 billion (Part IV / Responses) - April 21, 2000,

10. Rescue of Iridium's 66 satellites at $5 billion (Part III / Responses) - April 15, 2000,

11. Rescue of Iridium's 66 satellites at $5 billion (Part II / Responses) - April 8, 2000,

12. Rescue of Iridium's 66 satellites at $5 billion - April 5, 2000.

List of Possible Attendees

Reuben Abraham (confirmed)
Columbia Institute of Tele-Information (CITI)
Columbia University

John C. Afele, Ph.D. (not confirmed)
University of Guelph

Mr. Uri Bar-Zemer (confirmed)

Richard Bliss (not confirmed)
Visualiztion Lab

Roger Lee Boston (confirmed -- by videoconferencing)
Houston Community College System

Janice Brodman (confirmed)
Education Development Center, Inc.

Bruce P. Chadwick (confirmed)
Winrock International

Alice M. Dear (confirmed)
President, Alice M. Dear & Associates

Gary Garriott (confirmed)
Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA)

Gary may bring two or three people of military types and ex-Iridium
VITA volunteers (not confirmed)

David Josephson (not confirmed)
Josephson Engineering

Peter T. Knight (confirmed)
Knight, Moore - Telematics for Education and Development

Uli Knirsch (confirmed)

Hans Kruse (not confirmed)
Ohio University

Anton Keller (confirmed)
Geneva, Switzerland

John L. Mack, CEO (confirmed)
John L. Mack & Associates

Erick Marler (not confirmed)
IBM Latin America

Jim Miller (confirmed -- by videoconferencing)

Marlee R. Norton (confirmed)
National Telephone Cooperative Association

Joseph N. Pelton (confirmed)
George Washington University

Gregory S. Prince, Jr. (confirmed)
Hampshire College

Mr. Eugene Robkin (not confirmed)
United World College (UWC)
University of Wisconsin College

Gian Piero T. Roz (not confirmed)
United Nations

D.K. Sachdev (confirmed)
Worldspace Corporation

Commander John Shakespeare (not confirmed)

John Studach (confirmed)
American University

Stephen G. Tom (not confirmed)
Teleport Consulting Group International, L.L.C.

Takeshi Utsumi (confirmed)

Date: Mon, 12 Jun 2000 20:26:09 -0400
From: JIMMSL@aol.com
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: Re: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th

Tak -

I am still trying to get a contact at Teledesic or Castle Harlan. Do we have
a technical resource from Iridium or Motorola who will attend?
I may have to connect via NetMeeting as well - is a conference link set up?

JIm Miller

Date: Tue, 13 Jun 2000 10:49:41 -0400
From: Tracy Cohen <tcohen@iafrica.com>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
CC: "Marlee R. Norton" <mnorton@ntca.org>, ra319@columbia.edu,
peter@sn.apc.org, jmack@erols.com
Subject: Re: Iridium Workshop -Forwarded

Dear Dr Utsumi,

Many thanks for your reply and information. I am likely to be in Toronto until
early next week. However, Mr Abraham will certainly be there to attend. For
ease of reference, we can both be reached at

The Columbia Institute for Tele-Information (CITI)
Suite 1A Uris Hall, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027.
Fax: (212) 854 1471 or tel: (212) 854 4222/854 8192
Reuben Abraham, Researcher, PhD Candidate (Communications) (Ra319@columbia.edu)
Tracy Cohen, Visiting Scholar (tcohen@iafrica.com)

My home organisation is the LINK Centre, Graduate School of Public and
Development Management, University of the Witwatersrand, P O Box 601, WITS,
2050 South Africa. (My post: Senior lecturer)
(fax: 27-11) 717- 3910
(tel: 27-11) 717- 3510

Perhaps we can meet up at some point at Columbia in case I don't make it to DC next week.


Date: Tue, 13 Jun 2000 11:32:13 -0700
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
From: Bruce Chadwick <bruce@chadwick.org>
Subject: Re: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th

Hello Tak-

Just a note to say that I would be delighted to come to the "Rescue
Iridium" conference in Arlington on June 20. I have many doubts
about the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of saving Iridium
itself, but I think that the energy and effort going in to the
project may well identify some excellent alternatives (such as GSTF)
to achieve our group's larger purposes.

See you 9am, Arlington.

<<June 17, 2000>> Removed the rest by T. Utsumi,

Date: Tue, 13 Jun 2000 17:15:31 -0700
From: Roger Boston <rboston@tenet.edu>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
Subject: Re: Instructions for setting up the H.324 Unit

Roger Boston wrote:
<<June 17, 2000>> Removed here by T. Utsumi,

Do you have a speakerphone, or should I ship mine with the 8x8 (it goes out in the morning)?

> You should have this unit when you return the 16th.

Will there be a Net Meeting Connection available during the "Iridium"
meeting? Or should I plan to give my comments via the H.324?


Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2000 11:52:33 -0400
To: "Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E.":;
From: Marty Hoffert <mih1@is2.nyu.edu>
Subject: Rescue Iridium? -- A Related Idea
Cc: "Dr. Joseph N. Pelton" <ecjpelton@aol.com>

Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E.
Chairman, GLOSAS/USA
43-23 Colden Street
Flushing, NY 11355-3998


I'm pleased that I was able to contact you today regarding our mutual
interests. Attached is the paper I referred to in our chat entitled
"Evolutionary Paths to Orbital Power & Light." I presented it last year at
the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) meeting in Amsterdam.
Described therein is how an Iridium-like satellite telecommunication system
could serve as a stepping-stone to a system designed to deliver
CO2-emission free electric power to Earth -- particularly to developing
nations, 40% of which aren't connected to an electricity grid. I'm
attaching both Adobe Acrobat (pdf) and Microsoft Word versions of this
file. Please let me know if you have any problem opening it.

Though I'm convinced that technology evolution links between satellite
communications and space power systems could be synergistic and
self-reinforcing, I'm not sure that tests of this idea can be implemented
with the Iridium constellation before it comes tumbling down. That seems a
shame -- not to mention a waste of valuable space assets.

Still, it's worth thinking about. At the time I wrote the paper, I didn't
realize that Iridium would soon be perceived as failing as a business, or
that plans to deorbit it would proceed almost immediately. In retrospect,
and with 20-20 hindsight, the problems relating to Motorola's business plan
are evident. But in my opinion, the underlying problem is that these
systems should not have to be created by venture capital with 3-5 year profit horizons.

They should be funded as infrastructure-building activities by governments
-- just as the Internet was supported by government R & D for 30 years
before we realized it would drive the world economy. The issue is
particularly timely now, as we look for ways to mitigate global warming
created by fossil fuel burning, particularly in developing nations.
Regarding our space power/communication satellite idea, you might also want
to look at the article by myself and Seth Potter in MIT Technology Review
of October 1997 entitled "Beam it Down: How the New Satellites Can Power
the World." This is available in abridged form on the Web at:


In any case, I'd appreciate any comments that you and/or Dr. Joseph Pelton
may have on these papers in relation to a proposed Iridium rescue, and look
forward to communicating with you both.


Marty Hoffert

From: "Charles and Judy Fox" <worldcitizentv@worldnet.att.net>
To: <utsumi@friends-partners.org>
Cc: "John Mack" <jlmack@erols.com>
Subject: Attending the June 20 Workshop
Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2000 12:15:11 -0400

My name is Charles Fox. I am referred to you by John Mack who has
invited me to attend your workshop in June 20th. I am an award winning
broadcast executive, communications strategist, content developer and
programmer who was appointed by President Clinton as Director of
WORLDNET Television and Film Service. I am very much interested in what
you propose for Africa and look forward to participating.
Charles Fox

From: "John Afele" <jafele@plant.uoguelph.ca>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
Date: Sat, 17 Jun 2000 14:25:09 EST
Subject: Thanking You

Dear Prof. Utsumi-san:

Thank you for all the enlightenment you brought into our community.
Although your flight back home was a bit awkward, we are grateful
that you were able to come.

I will send you a list of those with whom you interacted by early
next week and also a synthesis of what transpired and how we saw it evolving.

In the meantime, here is Lauri's address, however, I am realizing
that all are related to Iridium and I am not sure if they are still
valid. I will call Mr. Mel Foote, Executive Director of the
Washington-based Constituency for Africa on Monday to verify. It was
Mel who organized the Science & Technology Forum during last year's
congressional black caucus legislative week at Howard University
where Lauri and I were on the same panel.

Lauri Fitz-Pegado
VP Corporate Affairs and Communications
Iridium LLC
Tel: 202-712-3898

With best regards,

John Afele

Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2000 13:42:33 -0400
From: John Mack <jlmack@erols.com>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
Subject: Re: Name of VP

I spoke with her and she is uncomfortable about coming to the meeting. She is
no longer affiliated with Iridium and does not want to be seen as the
'Iridium' rep. I am Bcc'ing a copy of this email to her in case she wishes to
respond to you or Prof. Neugroschl directly. It is also important that I not
be seen as the Worldspace representative as I am no longer affiliated with
that company. I spoke with D.K. Sachdev and he says he will 'try' to make it
but could not confirm. Without someone from Worldspace, and the Worldspace
Foundation, present at the meeting we will be missing a critical component.


From: "Craig Smith" <csmith@digitalpartners.org>
To: "'Tak Utsumi'" <utsumi@friends-partners.org>
Subject: RE: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th
Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2000 17:25:36 -0700

Dear Mr. Utsumi:

Could you please clarify for me: What is the status of Iridium itself?
Have those satellites been destroyed? Or are there aspects of Iridium that
are salvagable? Are you referring to rescuing its intellectual capital?
Sorry for my ignorance. I'm doing some writing that will include a mention
of this and I'd like to get it straight. Thanks, Craig Smith

Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2000 22:15:26 -0300
From: PTKnight <ptknight@attglobal.net>
To: "Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D." <utsumi@columbia.edu>, Uri Bar-Zemer <uri@ids.net>, Joe Pelton <ecjpelton@aol.com>
Subject: Internet Satellites Going Cheap

Peter T. Knight
Knight-Moore - Telematics for Education and Development
Communications Development Incorporated (CDI)
1808 I Street, NW, 7th Floor
Washington, DC 20006, USA

Rio Office
Avenida AtlŠntica 4002/501
22070-002 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Tel/Fax: 55-21-522-7068 Call first to fax
Cellular: 55-21-9752-5972
ptknight@attglobal.net; peter@knight-moore.com
http://www.knight-moore.com http://cdinet.com

Internet Satellites Going Cheap
by Leander Kahney

A would-be space entrepreneur is proposing an ambitious network of Internet
satellites made from off-the-shelf Macintoshes and a variation of Apple's
Airport technology.

Dennis Wingo, founder and CEO of SkyCorp, a startup based in Hunstville,
Alabama, is hoping to launch a constellation of satellites for Corner Store
accessing the Internet at high speed from almost anywhere on the globe.

Editorial policy
Today's Headlines
3:00 a.m. Jun. 17, 2000

If it gets off the ground, Wingos' network would rival systems planned by
giant corporations like Hughes and Teledesic -- but at a fraction of the cost.

With help from NASA, Wingo plans to build 544 orbiting Web servers from
Apple's G4 Power Macintosh computers and a souped-up version of the company's
Airport wireless networking technology.

Swooping over the globe in low-Earth orbit, the satellites would be accessible
from cell phones, computers fitted with inexpensive PC cards, or clip-on
wireless modems for devices like Palm's handhelds.

As well as using off-the-shelf technology, Wingo hopes to save large sums of
money by having the satellites flown into space in pieces and assembled by
space station crews -- the satellites would not have to withstand the rigors
of a space launch.

Wingo has applied for a patent for his "gossamer" satellite designs, which use
inexpensive, lightweight materials and, he estimates, would save between 70
and 90 percent of the cost of standard fare.

"All satellites are designed for an environment they only see for 12 minutes,"
he said. "That's a tremendous amount of over-engineering just to get something
into space.

"You can't shake something to pieces that's already in pieces," he added.

The satellites' pieces would be assembled in about 20 minutes by astronauts on
the International Space Station or cosmonauts on Mir, and then literally
thrown into space from a dock or cargo bay before being guided to their final
orbit by on-board thrusters.

Wingo said SkyCorp is in talks with NASA to put a prototype satellite into
orbit next year. According to Wingo, SkyCorp has a "memorandum of
understanding" with NASA, which he described as NASA-ese for an agreement to
work together.

Dr. Lance Bush at NASA's Washington headquarters confirmed that the space
agency is in talks with SkyCorp but declined to elaborate, saying the
negotiations were proprietary.

If NASA launches Wingo's prototype, the satellite will become the world's
first orbiting Web server, covering 90 percent of the Earth's surface, Wingo said.

The satellite will be in touch with any spot on the planet for only 40 minutes
to an hour every 24 hours. However, it will be able to receive and store data
for download later to a head-end connected to the terrestrial Internet, Wingo said.

The satellite will transmit and receive data at broadband speeds using a more
powerful variation of Apple's Airport, which is based on the IEEE 802.11
standard for wireless Ethernet local area networks.

As SkyCorp adds more satellites to the network, the ability to hook up to it
will become more constant, he said.

Unlike other satellite systems, such as Iridium, which recently went bankrupt,
or Teledesic, which has spent an estimated $9 billion and has yet to launch
its first satellite, Wingo said his satellites will make money from the get-go.

"All of these projects have to spend billions of dollars before they make
their first penny and that is their big mistake," he said. "We're going to do
it on a step-by-step basis and the first Web server in space will make money
from day one."

Wingo estimated his 544-satellite network could be launched for less than $4
million per satellite. He is already signing up clients for the first satellite, he said.

Pat Stevens, manager of ImportCD.com and one of Wingo's clients, said he wants
Wingo's satellite to mirror the ImportCD website.

"We're a guinea pig," he said. "I think it's a really exciting technology and
I wanted to get in before it took off.

Communicating from any point on the planet to any other point on the planet,
that's the future."

SkyCorp is currently funded by angel investors but Wingo hopes to attract
further funding as the venture gets off the ground.

According to Wingo, he is the first and only person to put Macs into space.
While working with the University of Alabama at Huntsville, he used Apple IIs
to control and monitor experiments on three separate spacecraft missions.

Wingo said Apple donated equipment and technical support but a spokeswoman for
Apple characterized their relationship as a marketing one.

"We know about the project but we're not a sponsor or a partner," said Apple
spokeswoman Sarah Staley. "He simply chose to use Apple products."

Alden Richards, president and CEO of Space Machine Advisors, which helps
arrange insurance for spacecraft, said that although he hasn't heard of Wingo,
he was very skeptical about his plans.

"You can't just go out and get equipment off the shelf and fly it into space,"
he said. "It just boggles the mind."

Richards said the idea of competing with multi-billion dollar projects like
Alcatel's SkyBridge or Hughes SpacWay was "cockamamie."

"I don't mean to dis the guy but I'm so wary of someone who wants to do a
commercial venture and the first person they sign is NASA," he said.

"The first thing they need is bandwidth and then agreements with meaningful
partners, and then they need a to pick a prime contractor and then launch
service agreements," Richards said. "Then they put out a press release."

From: JIMMSL@aol.com
Date: Thu Jun 15 00:21:28 2000
Subject: Re: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th
To: <utsumi@columbia.edu>
Cc: <jpelton@seas.gwu.edu>, <ptknight@attglobal.net>,
<Uli.Knirsch@intelsat.int>, <rboston@tenet.edu>

I had a call with John Mark at Castle Harman today and have some very
interesting information on their Iridium strategy. I am preparing a memo to
document that conversation and will have him approve it before I forward it to
the group. I will probably have to join you by NetMeeting unless I can
reschedule a meeting here. John indicated that CH will not be able to be
represented at this time at the 6/20 workshop.

Is there anyway to estimate the usage per month that affiliated humanitarian
groups might use the system if rates were $1 to $1.50 per minute for example?


Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2000 23:33:31 -0700
From: Roger Boston <rboston@tenet.edu>
To: JIMMSL@aol.com
CC: utsumi@columbia.edu, jpelton@seas.gwu.edu, ptknight@attglobal.net, Uli.Knirsch@intelsat.int
Subject: Re: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th

I am also attempting to attend this meeting next week VIA NET MEETING, if Tak
can get the connection -- or for some portions of the day via H.324,( I have
just shipped him an 8x8, he'll have it tomorrow (needs an analog line).

If more than two of us try to come in via the net perhaps we should meet via
CuSeeMe, or with the help of one of our audio rooms?

Meanwhile you can help me -- what is the cost of a single field unit for
accessing the Iridium? Tak told me you can assemble one for a couple hundred
dollars, and I discussed with him while we were in Brazil the possibility of
the Rockwell Chair supporting a handful of these field units, and possibly
helping with the gateway. Any information you can provide before that meeting
would be helpful, thanks.


Date: Thu, 15 Jun 2000 05:23:50 -0300
From: PTKnight <ptknight@attglobal.net>
To: JIMMSL@aol.com
CC: utsumi@columbia.edu, jpelton@seas.gwu.edu, Uli.Knirsch@intelsat.int, rboston@tenet.edu
Subject: Re: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th


I can bring my Sony PCG-F360 to the meeting. It has NetMeeting 3.0 installed.
There is one problem. For some reason the microphone in this computer (and the
ability to use an external microphone) are non operational. In fact, I am
scheduled to send the computer to California to correct these defects, fully
documented only just before I left for Brazil. However, if a phone line with a
speakerphone capability is there,
the images work fine. Just need to specify the server to use. Be very specific
about what has to be done, and we will be OK for video -- audio with a phone.



PS - how did you like the idea of "throwing" MacG4s into orbit from Mir or the
Space Station for a cheapie Teledesic/Iridium?

From: JIMMSL@aol.com
Date: Thu, 15 Jun 2000 14:22:04 EDT
Subject: Re: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th
To: ptknight@attglobal.net
CC: utsumi@columbia.edu, jpelton@seas.gwu.edu, Uli.Knirsch@intelsat.int, rboston@tenet.edu

In a message dated 6/15/00 1:22:39 AM Pacific Daylight Time, ptknight@attglobal.net writes:

<< PS - how did you like the idea of "throwing" MacG4s into orbit from Mir or
the Space Station for a cheapie Teledesic/Irridium? >>

First thought - "Shake and Make" - "Apple pie in the Sky"
Being Wintel biased - it's a good place for Macs (& Jobs)
Seriously - It sounds interesting, but...


Date: Thu, 15 Jun 2000 23:08:56 -0700
From: Roger Boston <rboston@tenet.edu>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
Subject: Re: 8x8 Checkout and Instruction

The 8x8 I have sent you on loan should have arrived at your Colden St address
this morning already.
We will need to coordinate the time for us to test the 8x8, Any time tomorrow
can work for sure, email or call my office to leave a voicemail suggestion.
Saturday is doubtful, but any time Sunday evening is fine.

It won't take long to learn to use this (PRINT these instructions)

To ORIGINATE a video call:
- lift the receiver and dial the number normally (remember you have
speaker phone instead)
- when the distant 8x8 answers (mine) you will hear three beeps
- at this time punch in the password: 0 8 5 3 #
- the menu appears at the bottom, touch "!" to begin the video connect
- wait 30 seconds and the screen lights with the distant party

To RECEIVE a call from my 8x8:
- do nothing, the thing automatically answers
- wait while I punch in the 0 8 5 3 # password
- when you see the distant party's video then pick up the phone to speak normally
(or in your case touch TAL:K on the speakerphone)

DURING a video call:

=> You have MENU control for many functions --

"#" Brings up the simple menu which is understandable,
make the selections simply by touching the numbers,
"back out" of a menu by touching "8"

You can do many things with these menus, including

- select images size (small, Medium, Full Screen)
- select local or remote video
- slect split screen send and receive
- pan/ zoom the reomote camera
- select YOUR local camera input #1,2, or 3
- select the DISTANT camera input #1,2, or 3
- select 7 ranges of image quality and frame rate
- "freeze' the distant video as a snapshot
- mute the audio, mute the video,
- etc

I will walk you through this when we are connected.
Before we get together be sure you have played the 3 1/2 minute instructional
video I placed on the web for you.

The sound will come through the speakers of the TV set and will sound like
384K ISDN full duplex.
The video will be very crisp at the small image size, progressively less crisp
as the image size grows, I recommend the "Medium" setting.
Remember you have to be on a REAL analog line, not a compressed bandwidth line
as some calling cards use, and not a digital office phone.

Communications is possible with any other computer running H.324 protocol and
a true v.80 modem, and via my BRIDGE to any ISDN 128K-384K, Net Meeting,
CuSeeMe client or 2 or more additional 8x8 devices.

I will try to have an 8x8 running at
713 718 5297 (comnputer lab upstairs) from Friday afternoon through the
weekend, set for auto-answer, in case you need it to test with and I am unavailable


Date: Fri, 16 Jun 2000 09:41:19 -0400
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
From: John Studach <jstudac@american.edu>
Subject: rescue iridium workshop

dr. utsumi - i was on travel and just got the notice about the rescue
iridium workshop. if it is still possible to attend please add my name to
the list. thank you.

John Studach

Date: Fri, 16 Jun 2000 12:52:17 -0400
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
From: "Gregory S. Prince. Jr." <gprince@helios.hampshire.edu>
Subject: Conference to Rescue Iridium

Dear Mr. Utsumi:

I am writing on behalf of Gregory S. Prince, Jr., President of Hampshire
College in Amherst, MA. Our office received a notice about the upcoming
conference in Arlington, VA on June 20 and President Prince is quite
interested in attending. I apologize for the short registration notice,
but President Prince was travelling abroad and was not able to respond
until quite recently. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to
call me at 413-559-5521. Thank you.

Sent by Diana Fernandez
for Gregory S. Prince, Jr.
Office of the President
Hampshire College
Amherst, MA 01002
(413) 559-5521 (Phone)
(413) 559-5584 (FAX)

From: Amdear@aol.com
Date: Fri, 16 Jun 2000 13:26:39 EDT
Subject: Attendance at Rescue Iridium Workshop
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
CC: jlmack@erols.com

Dear Tak:

I received your email address from John Mack who suggested that I join the
meeting on June 20. My name is Alice M. Dear, President, Alice M. Dear &
Associates. For the past 6 years, until end-January 2000, I served as the
U.S. Executive Director of the African Development Bank, headquartered in
Abidjan. I am currently in the U.S. and am considering working on a project
at WorldSpace. I will not be representing the company at your meeting, but
believe that my familiarity with your activities might prove to be useful
later in helping to achieve your objectives, in the event that I eventually
provide advisory services to WorldSpace.

My phone number is 202-271-5885 and my email address is amdear@aol.com.

I look forward to your confirmation that I am welcome to attend the meeting.

Alice M. Dear
From: JIMMSL@aol.com
Date: Sat, 17 Jun 2000 02:32:51 EDT
Subject: Re: "Rescue Iridium" workshop on 6/20th
To: utsumi@columbia.edu

Tak and friends:

I spoke to John Mark at Castle Harman. They cannot attend, but I have some
information about their efforts that I will share at the meeting.

Jim Miller

From: JIMMSL@aol.com
Date: Sat, 17 Jun 2000 02:39:27 EDT
Subject: (no subject)
To: jmark@castleharman.com

John - FYI re: agenda for the 6/20 event.
I'm still editting my notes per our discussion.

Jim Miller

Date: Sat, 17 Jun 2000 09:08:43 -0400
From: "Marlee R. Norton" <mnorton@ntca.org>
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: Re: Tech needs -Reply -Forwarded

pls see forwarded message. Sorry, only
just got this information yesterday.


Date: Thu, 15 Jun 2000 17:15:45 -0400
From: HELPDESK <HELPDESK@ntca.org>
To: cbrosnan@ntca.org, mnorton@ntca.org
Cc: bjackson@ntca.org, Helpdesk@ntca.org
Subject: Re: Tech needs -Reply

** High Priority **

Sorry to take so long in getting back to you. I needed to
do a bit of research on the NetMeeting software.

We do have the NetMeeting software, it comes with
MS Office. However, there are issues which prevent
us from using it.

1. Our network's protocol is IPX which will not work
with NetMeetings. The documentation said " Audio and
Video work only over TCP/IP (and with only one other
person at a time. I'm not sure how they planned to
utilize it..)

2. We do not have a video camera necessary for the
teleconferencing feature.

So, we can provide you with all the other requested
items, but not NetMeeting.


Date: Tue, 13 Jun 2000 09:16:12 -0400
From: djohnutk <djohnutk@utkux.utcc.utk.edu>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
Subject: Attendance June 20 mtg.


I regret that I will not be able to attend the June 20 mtg in DC regarding
Iridium. I have returned from Paris to my home in Asheville but am unable to
travel until I have a second angioplasty operation here. This has not yet
been scheduled but I expect it will happen in early July. Then, after two
weeks recovery I expect to be in good condition again.

I am greatly disapppointed not to be able to attend as this is potentially an
extremely important opportunity to move GLOSAS and GUS a giant step forward.

I will try to keep informed via your messages and web transmissions.

Congratulations on a successful program in Manaus.



PS In yesterday's (June 12) New York Times (p.A16) was an article on a $100
million project by the Markle Foundation to explore how digital technology can
benefit developing countries. Project is headed by James B. Steinberg,
formerly of the White House staff. It might be worth looking at and contacting
Markle for possible

David A. Johnson, Ph.D., AICP

From: JIMMSL@aol.com
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 2000 16:05:19 EDT
Subject: Re: Rescue of Iridium's 66 satellites at $5 billion (Part II/Responses)
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
CC: Gary Garriott <garyg@vita.org>, Ben Hindley <ab367@sfn.saskatoon.sk.ca>,
"D.K. Sachdev" <dsachdev@worldspace.com>, JIMMSL@aol.com, "Peter H.
Rosen" <Peter@creativity.net>, David Josephson
<david@josephson.com>,"Stephen G. Tom"
<stephen_tom@email.msn.com>,"Prof. and Mrs. Edward C. DeLand"
<edeland@anes.ucla.edu>, "Bruce P. Chadwick" <bchadwick@mindspring.com>,
Rex Buddenberg <budden@nps.navy.mil>, Hans Kruse <hkruse1@ohiou.edu>,
Edward Dodds <dodds@home.com>

Tak -
Another consideration for Iridium.

Ignore the telephony line side of the equation - The Iridium network uses a
carrier in the Ka bandidth to transmit between satellites to carry from one
gateway to another Trunks), then can use terrestial lines for the final link.
There are 11 gateways in major countries around the world.

Depending on the Ka technology in the downlink, it is possible that an
inexpensive gateway can be developed in remote areas, providing the higher
carrier bandwidth via this downlink, i.e., the trunk side of the circuit.
Demultiplexing/muxing a trunk is simpler than trying to manage the multiple
call paths on the line side of this network. This also eliminates the
expensive handset that the Iridium spec says may handle 2400 bps. Ka antennas
are small >1Meter typically so this should be inexpensive and easily installed.

The biggest issue is probably the lifetime of the constellation, unless it is
seen as a short term, early entry for Globestar or Teledesic - like systems,
but they have already reviewed this option. For humanitaran use, it would be
tragic to get it started and then see it dissolve in 5 years.

Your discussion group has once again shown that there are definite
application needs in developing, under-served areas for bandwidth and
comnnectivity. Keep up the good work.

Jim Miller

Date: Wed, 12 Apr 2000 04:56:46 -0400
From: John Mack <jlmack@erols.com>
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: Re: Rescue of Iridium's 66 satellites at $5 billion (Part II/Responses)


Just prior to Iridium's demise, I had initiated talks between Iridium
and WorldSpace (my former employer), to combine their systems to provide
virtually global Internet. The Iridium system would provide the thin
uplink and the Worldspace (WS) system the relatively fast downlink.
Utilizing the WS receiver (cost about $300) attached to a computer would
provide the ability to do telemedicine, distance education, etc., as
well as provide commercial possibilities for entities to have video
conferencing (15 frames/sec) virtually anywhere. The humanitarian
aspects could be approached through the WS foundation
<www.worldspace.org> with income from the commercial side
<www.worldspace.com> offsetting some (all?) of the operational costs.
Since Iridium collapsed I don't know where these talks ended but it
might be worth exploring the technological feasibility of such an
approach for VITA's mission as well as the mission of others who have shown interest.



1. The Swiss investor group CONSIR, in connection with suitable
partners, intends to build and maintain a global, at all times reliably
functioning stationary and mobile telecommunication service. On a
commercial, yet strictly politically neutral basis, this service is reliably
to be made available also in times of crises and war to interested foreign
and national governmental agencies, to non-governmental organizations
(NGOs) and to private customers. All suitable technologies for analogue or
digital tone, image and data communication (e.g. Internet) are thus to be
integrated, including short and long-wave infrastructures which are
either established in Switzerland or are accessible from here, existing or
additional satellite systems, as well as optical and power supply cables.
Under preferential conditions, these services are to help covering in
particular the special communication needs for foreign and national
humanitarian and educational organizations.

2. In line with a global communication outlook, CONSIR intends to enter
into corresponding agreements and to acquire concessions and
infrastructures in Switzerland and abroad. Suitable arrangements,
facilities and licences in the short-wave area (Prangins, Riedern, etc.),
concerning optical and power supply cables, as well as in the field of
satellite communications (IRIDIUM, Leuk) are targeted for
state-of-the-art applications and shall be modernized accordingly. The
objective is a customer-friendly, ecologically sound and economic
telecommunication service, providing secure lines of communications
under all conceivable circumstances, making best use of available
resources, and promoting the development and use of related technologies
and skills. This would also benefit from, reflect and strengthen
Switzerland's traditional roles in matters of humanitarian assistance,
leading-edge technologies as well as reliable commercial services and
good offices, as called for in several interventions by Swiss federal
parliamentarians, notably: Postulat Eppenberger 89.689
"Informationszugang, Gute Dienste der Schweiz"
(http://www.solami.com/a42.htm; AB 1990 17S; 1); Interpellation
Cavadini Adriano 97.3180 "Schweizer Radio International, Bild der
Schweiz im Ausland"(AB 1997 1526; 2); Interpellation Gonseth 97.3279
"Schwarzenburg. Einstellung des Sendebetriebs des
Kurzwellensenders" (AB 1997 2873; 3); Interpellation M‰hlemann
"Daten- und Sprechfunkverkehr. Auslandkurzwellenverbindungen"
97.3451 (AB 1997 2874; 4).

3. The CONSIR MANAGEMENT is to be supported by a political and by a
technical advisory board, so as to make sure that related developments
and needs will adequately take into consideration Switzerland's long-term interests.

4. As far as possible, CONSIR shall acquire suitable assets from the
U.S. satellite communication firm IRIDIUM LLC (satellites, satellite
operation and renewal agreements, International Telecommunication Union
concessions, frequency licences, co-operation agreements, terrestrial
installations, etc.) in order to complement CONSIR's comprehensive
related services. In the event, the thus-reactivated and integrated
IRIDIUM system is seen for many countries and organizations to constitute
a welcome complement of the existing communication facilities; as such,
and on the basis of a corresponding global management contract between
CONSIR and a suitable Swiss telecom service provider, it could bring to
market essential services on an exclusive basis. Thereby, SWISSCOM's
existing satellite telecommunication facilities at Leuk would be expected
to be maintained and adapted in order to serve as main European uplink to
the involved IRIDIUM and possible further telecommunication satellites.

5. Switzerland's short-wave installations which are currently
scheduled to be taken out of service shall be re-examined in light of the
above-outlined global communication concept, with the owners of these
installations, in the event, being called upon to modernize or keep them
available in line with a corresponding service mandate.

CONSIR-initiator: Anton Keller, c p. 2580, 1211 Geneva 2 t+f:
022-7400362 m: 079-6047707 e: swissbit@gkb.com or
swissbit@capp.ch homepage: http://www.solami.com

(1) co-signatories: Auer, Bremi, Burckhardt, Cotti, David, Eggly, Maitre,
Morf, M‰ller-Meilen, Ott, Sager, Steinegger, Wyss Paul.

(2) co-signatories: Bosshard, Carobbio, Cavalli, Christen, Comby,
Fritschi, Guisan, Pelli, Philipona, Ratti, Sandoz Suzette, Tschopp, Vogel

(3) co-signatories: Baumann Ruedi, B‹umlin, B‰hlmann, Fankhauser,
G‰nter, Hollenstein, Meier Hans, Strahm, Th‰r, Widmer, Zwygart

(4) co-signatories: Baumann Alexander, Brunner Toni, B‰hlmann, B‰hrer,
Caccia, Christen, Columberg, Dettling, Durer, Eggly, Engelberger, Fehr
Hans, Frey Claude, Fritschi, Giezendanner, Guisan, G‰nter, Hasler Ernst,
Hess Otto, Hochreutener, Hubacher, Hubmann, Leu, Maurer, M‰ller-Hemmi,
Ruffy, Schl‰er, Vermot, Vetterli

Geneva, 12 May 2000

Reference web sites


2. Tampere conference (Finland, August 1999)

3. Global University System:


Paper on GUS for the Manaus, Amazon mini-workshop (May 2000)

Memorandum of Understanding for GUS Partnerships

4. Global University System Asia-Pacific Framework

5. Global broadband Internet networks

6. Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF):


GSTF as [Arthur C.] Clarke telecommunications project

7. Manaus workshop

English version

Portuguese version

Amazon photos, MPEG & streaming video

Return to Global University System Mid-2000 Correspondence

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PhD Candidate (Communications)
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Columbia University
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Tel: +1-713-718 5224
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Mr. Charles and Judy Fox
WORLDNET Television and Film Service
U.S. Information Agency
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Fax: 202-501-6664

John Senyo C. Afele, Ph.D
Director, International Program for Africa
Department of Plant Agriculture
Johnston Hall, Room 136
OAC Dean's Office
Ontario Agricultural College
University of Guelph
Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
Tel: +1-519-824-4120 ext 6419
Fax: +1-519-763-8933
Email: jafele@plant.uoguelph.ca

Lauri Fitz-Pegado
Former VP Corporate Affairs and Communications
Iridium LLC
Tel: 202-712-3898

John L. Mack, CEO
John L. Mack & Associates
International Telecommunications Investment Consultant
P.O. Box 567
Upper Marlboro, MD 20773-0567
Fax: 301-627-2188

Professor Seth G. Neugroschl
Co-chair Columbia University Seminar on Computers, Man and Society
Columbia University
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Craig Smith

Peter T. Knight
Knight, Moore - Telematics for Education and Development
Communications Development Incorporated (CDI)
Strategy, Policy, Design, Implementation, Evaluation
1808 I Street, NW, 7th Floor
Washington, DC 20006, USA
Tel: 1-202-775-2132 (secretary), 1-202-721-0348 (direct)
Fax: 1-202-775-2135 (office), 1-202-362-8482 (home)
webmail: ptknight@netscape.net
IP for CU-SeeMe:
http://www.knight-moore.com/projects/GSTF.html -- about GSTF

John Studach
National Center for Health Fitness
American University
4400 Massachusettes Ave. NW
Washington DC 20016-8037
202-885-6288 FX

Gregory S. Prince, Jr.
Hampshire College
Amherst, MA 01002
(413) 559-5521 (Phone)
(413) 559-5584 (FAX)

Alice M. Dear
President, Alice M. Dear & Associates

John Mark
Castle Harlan
New York, NY

Marlee R. Norton
Director of Program Development
National Telephone Cooperative Association
4121 Wilson Boulevard
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Tel: 703-351-2007
Fax: 703-351-2027
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Website: www.ntca.org


Dr. David A. Johnson, AICP
Board member of GLOSAS/USA
Former President of Fulbright Association
Professor Emeritus, School of Planning
College of Arts and Sciences
University of Tennessee
108-I Hoskins Library
Knoxville, TN 37996-4015
Tel: +1-865-974 5227
Fax: +1-865-974 5229

Anton Keller
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Tel/Fax: 011-41-22-740-0362

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Tel: 401 272 0305
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* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA *
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