<<July 15, 2000>>
Archived distributions can be retrieved by clicking on the top lines of our home page
at <

Hwa A. Lim <hal@d-trends.com>

Dr Mir Asghar Husain <ma.husain@unesco.org>

Khalid Moidu, M.D., Ph.D. <kmoidu@hotmail.com>

Edward Dodds <dodds@home.com>

Uli Knirsch <Uli.Knirsch@Intelsat.int>

"Kellett, Richard" <kellett@ITS.GONZAGA.EDU>

John L. Mack, CEO <jlmack@erols.com>

Gary Garriott <garyg@vita.org>

Dr. Joseph N. Pelton <ecjpelton@aol.com>

Peter T. Knight, Ph.D. <ptknight@attglobal.net>

Pius Aggrey Omondi <ucrc@swiftkisumu.com>

John B. Rose <j.rose@unesco.org>

Emilio Vento <evento@unido.org>

John Senyo C. Afele, Ph.D <jafele@plant.uoguelph.ca>

Dear John Mack and Electronic Colleagues:

(1) Many thanks for your msgs in response to my distribution of
"Market survey questionnaire to rescue Iridium - July 11, 2000"
which can be retrieved at

ATTACHMENT I from Hwa A. Lim

ATTACHMENT II from Dr Mir Asghar Husain

Dear Khalid:

Many thanks for your kind introduction to him, your cousin.

ATTACHMENT III from Edward Dodds

ATTACHMENT IV from Uli Knirsch

ATTACHMENT V from Kellett, Richard

ATTACHMENT VI from Pius Aggrey Omondi

Dear John:

(2) A few of excerpts on minutes rates from AT&T's phone bills we received
in the past months (though it depends on the time of the day for the
phone call made);

Country 1999 2000

Austria 1.90 .29
Japan 1.78 .16
Ukraine 2.18 .37

I recall my phone call to Japan almost 50 years ago by shortwave through
ionosphere as voice faded-in/-out, yet costing almost $6.00/minutes.
This is the astonishing cost reduction!!.

Thanks to the packet-switching technology invented in early 1960s by
Paul Baran (which is the basis of current Internet), one of our list
members, the phone cost is rapidly dropping. Some people predict it to
become almost near zero in the near future, as the NET2PHONE of Internet

Therefore, A domestic long distance retail rate of approximately $0.20
per minute and international rates at approximately $1.00" which John
Mack proposed in the last distribution may still be high, especially for
those people in rural/remote areas in developing countries -- where the
Iridium has the advantage since there is no adequate analog telephone
networks yet, and it covers almost anywhere on the globe.

However, compared with cellular phone, Iridium's handset can be
used only out-door where it can aim to Iridium satellite and
cannot be used in-door. This will be a serious disadvantage.

(3) Therefore, I would think that the best way to utilize the defunct
Iridium would be with email for humanitarian purpose, with a dixie cup
antenna on the roof of schools/hospitals in those areas at $900 and
'mini-gateway' placed in each country, at a cost of less than $8000 (as
John Mack proposed) which is to be connected to backbone Internet
through terrestrial networks.

This is in a sense what Gary proposed at the first place. He
sees the advantage of Iridium which can cover around the world,
compared with time consuming store-and-forward emailing.through
his Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellite.

If you add your idea of broadband downlinking with WorldSpace
satellite, people in those areas can leapfrog to the 21st century.

(4) Then, next would be its maintenance cost.

WordTel Satellite Services, LLC people said during our 6/20th workshop
that it would be about $8 million per year which is much less than
previous estimates.

The life of Iridium is said 5 years. It can act as an interim until
broadband digital satellite will be available in the 5 years time, for
which Joe's and Peter's Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF) will hopefully work out.

Dear Richard:

(5) Pls elaborate your viewpoint.

Dear Ed:

(6) Thanks for your kind offer.

(7) If you would like to store only the questionnaires of my distribution
mentioned above into your web, pls contact John Mack for his permission.

Dear Pius:

(8) The recent Apple enews The virtual Africa office"
reports the use of GSM satellite with Apple/Macintosh/laptop/GSM
wireless modem to collaboratively work with scientists around the world
(as if they were working together on a network in an office") for the
ecology of mountain gorillas in borders of Congo, Uganda and Rwanda.
They are using this connection for not only emailing and accessing web
around the world, but also sending digital photos, etc., using a hard
drive storage space at Apple free of charge.

Incidentally, I visited your web with great interest. One of the
papers was not accessible since the storage quota was exceeded.
You may use Apple's storage space (up to 60 M), if you use Apple machine.

For your community approach, you may contact John Rose of UNESCO -- he
may have good suggestion to you.

Contact also Emilio Vento of UNIDO since they are considering to set up
distance learning program for their people in Kenya, Mozambique,
Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

You may also contact John Afele of the University of Guelph since he is
planning to have a workshop next February at his university to initiate
the creation of Global University System/Africa/Ghana.

Pls visit our web sites in ATTACHMENT VII, particularly "Global
broadband Internet networks." Should you wish to use some of those
technologies, pls contact me further.

Dear John Mack and Electronic Colleagues:

(9) Do you know anything about the GSM connection with wireless modem?

This may be enough for the initial use of the people in rural/remote
area of developing countries -- instead of using Iridium for emailing
and downloading web pages.

Best, Tak

Date: Wed, 12 Jul 2000 13:09:29 -0400
From: hal@d-trends.com
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: Re: Market survey questionaire to rescue Iridium

<<July 15, 2000>> Removed here by T. Utsumi,

> 1) Name of Organization.

D'Trends, Inc.
2570 San Ramon Valley Boulevard
P.S. Business Park, A203
San Ramon, California 94583-1673

> 2) How do you currently connect to rural/remote partners/customers/client
> areas?

Phone, fax, and email.

> 3) Current monthly usage of remote voice telecommunications (in minutes).

100 minutes, plus minus.

> 4) Average cost per minute.

Most expensive,
India $1.00
China $0.59

> 5) Desirability/ability to utilize rescued Iridium for worldwide access, if
> cost-per-minute is less and quality is the same or better.

Depends. Need dependability, easy of access, and economical.

Date: Wed, 12 Jul 2000 09:57:02 -0400
From: "Husain, Mir Asghar" <Ma.Husain@unesco.org>
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: RE: Market survey questionaire to rescue Iridium

Dear Mr. Utsumi

Let me just thank you for this massive information network and
exchange. Its advantage really lies in our being kept abreast with all
these developments although we might not be participating in many of the
activities. This information in itself helps us to generate new ideas in our daily work.

Good luck and best regards

Mir Asghar Husain

From: "Ed Dodds" <ed_dodds@hotmail.com>
To: utsumi@columbia.edu
Subject: Market survey questionaire to rescue Iridium
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 2000 11:40:47 CDT


Is there a way on of your associate could put the survey up on the web so
that it will populate a database? It would be a lot easier if we could
publicize a URL which folks could go to in order to complete it. If not, and
you think its a good idea, I'd be glad to do it on my home server this evening.

Ed Dodds

Date: Wed, 12 Jul 2000 16:53:42 -0400
From: Uli.Knirsch@Intelsat.int
To: utsumi@friends-partners.org
Subject: RE: Market survey questionaire to rescue Iridium

Tak, all,

Thanks for the questionnaire. I think the responses would be a lot easier
to analyze if there were fixed pricing figures. I would assume $1/min
(domestic) and $2/min (international), but you might want to do some price
sensitivity analysis. It's not going to be cell phone rates, though.

On the hardware costs: $900/fixed unit is very ambitious, but not entirely
impossible. $8000 for a 'mini-gateway however is unrealistic. A 4 channel
"MXU" (permanently installed unit to be hooked up to a PBX) did already cost
$16,000. A Gateway is quite a different animal, e.g. supports billing etc.
In addition, landing the calls within a country and then using landlines
would likely increase the total call costs and introduce unreliability. I'd
recommend to move away from that concept.

Iridium is the only GMSS that could be run with a single gateway. Herein
lie significant cost advantages that the company has not been able to tap into (yet).

Regards, Uli Knirsch

Date: Thu, 13 Jul 2000 09:04:14 -0700
Sender: Video Network Discussion List <VIDNET-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
From: "Kellett, Richard" <kellett@ITS.GONZAGA.EDU>
Subject: Re: Market survey questionaire to rescue Iridium (fwd)

I believe Iridium was a bad setup to begin with.

Let it go.

From: "UGUNJA COMMUNITY RESOURCE CENTRE" <ucrc@swiftkisumu.com>
To: <utsumi@columbia.edu>
Subject: enquiry
Date: Fri, 14 Jul 2000 07:10:32 +0300

We are looking for organisations which can support community telecentres in
the rural area of Western Kenya. We would wish to use these services to
establish market information systems, trainings, Geographic information
systems, technology designs, etc.
Visit our website at: http://users.bigpond.com/ucrc for information about us.
Looking forward to hearing from you soon.
Pius Aggrey Omondi

Reference web sites (As of July 12, 2000)


2. Tampere conference (Finland, August 1999)

3. Global University System:

Paper on GUS for the Manaus, Amazon mini-workshop (May 2000)
Memorandum of Understanding for GUS Partnerships

4. Global University System Asia-Pacific Framework

Manila Mini-Workshop Site (from July 2000)

5. Global broadband Internet networks

6. Global Service Trust Fund (GSTF):

GSTF as [Arthur C.] Clarke telecommunications project

7. Manaus workshop

English version
Portuguese version
Amazon photos, MPEG & streaming video

Return to Global University System Mid-2000 Correspondence

List of Distribution

Hwa A. Lim
Ph.D., MBA, MA [USA], B.Sc. (Hons), ARCS, [UK]
Chairman and CEO
D'Trends, Inc.
2570 San Ramon Valley Boulevard
P.S. Business Park, Suite A203
San Ramon, California 94583-1673
Tel: (925) 355 9180
(925) 355 9181
Fax: (925) 355 9182
(925) 830 1790

Dr Mir Asghar Husain
Division for the Reconstruction and Development of Education Systems

Khalid Moidu, M.D., Ph.D.
Medical Cancer of Boston International, Inc.
Citadel Health
35, Sai Enclave
Road No 12
Banjara Hills
Hyderabad AP
India - 500 034
Tel: 91 40 330 2785
Fax: 1 707 221 0999

Edward Dodds
Association for the Development of Religious Information Systems (ADRIS)
PO Box 210735
Nashville TN 37221-0735
Fax: 508-632-0370

Uli Knirsch
Advanced System Development
3400 International Drive, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20008-3098
202 944 7164

"Kellett, Richard" <kellett@ITS.GONZAGA.EDU>

John L. Mack, CEO
John L. Mack & Associates
International Telecommunications Investment Consultant
P.O. Box 567
Upper Marlboro, MD 20772-0567
Fax: 301-627-2188

Gary Garriott
Director, Informatics
Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA)
1600 Wilson Blvd., Suite 500
P.O. Box 12438
Arlington, VA 22209-8438
703-276-1800 X19
Fax: 703-243-1865
Telex: 440192 VITAUI
www.vita.org/satvitpo.htm -- Press release on Consorcio SAT/SatelLife/VITA
www.vita.org/consort.htm -- Press release on satellite-users coalition
www.vita.org/slife.htm -- Press release on SatelLife-VITA

Dr. Joseph N. Pelton
Senior Research Scientist
Institute for Applied Space Research, Rm 340
George Washington University
2033 K Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20052
Fax: 202-994-5505
Acting Executive Director of CITI
Vice-Chair of the Arthur C. Clarke Foundation of the U.S. (ACCFUS)
Arthur C. Clark Institute for Telecommunication and Information (CITI)
4025 40th Street North
Arlington, VA 22207
(703) 536-6985

Peter T. Knight, Ph.D.
Knight, Moore - Telematics for Education and Development
Communications Development Incorporated (CDI)
Strategy, Policy, Design, Implementation, Evaluation
1808 I Street, NW, 7th Floor
Washington, DC 20006, USA
Tel: 1-202-775-2132 (secretary), 1-202-721-0348 (direct)
Fax: 1-202-775-2135 (office), 1-202-362-8482 (home)
IP for CU-SeeMe:
webmail: ptknight@netscape.net
http://www.knight-moore.com/partners/partnerindex.htm -- bio
http://www.knight-moore.com/projects/GSTF.html -- about GSTF

Pius Aggrey Omondi
Ugunja Community Resource Centre
P.O. BOX 330
Telefax 254 334 34365

John B. Rose
Information and Informatics Division
Division de l'Information et de l'Informatique
Communication Division
1 Rue Miollis
75732 PARIS Cedex 15
Tel: (33-1) 45 68 45 29
Fax: (33-1) 45 68 55 83

Emilio Vento
UNIDO-ICS Liaison Officer
Vienna International Centre
P.O. Box 300
A-1400 Vienna, Austria
Tel.: (+43-1)-26026-3726
Fax: (+43-1)-26026-6811
E-mail: evento@unido.org

John Senyo C. Afele, Ph.D
Director, International Program for Africa
Department of Plant Agriculture
Johnston Hall, Room 136
OAC Dean's Office
Ontario Agricultural College
University of Guelph
Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
Tel: +1-519-824-4120 ext 6419
Fax: +1-519-763-8933
Email: jafele@plant.uoguelph.ca
* Takeshi Utsumi, Ph.D., P.E., Chairman, GLOSAS/USA *
* (GLObal Systems Analysis and Simulation Association in the U.S.A.) *
* Laureate of Lord Perry Award for Excellence in Distance Education *
* Founder of CAADE *
* (Consortium for Affordable and Accessible Distance Education) *
* President Emeritus and V.P. for Technology and Coordination of *
* Global University System (GUS) *
* 43-23 Colden Street, Flushing, NY 11355-3998, U.S.A. *
* Tel: 718-939-0928; Fax: 718-939-0656 (day time only--prefer email) *
* Email: utsumi@columbia.edu; Tax Exempt ID: 11-2999676 *
* http://www.friends-partners.org/GLOSAS/ *

Return to Global University System Mid-2000 Correspondence